Secologanin

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Secologanin
Secologanin.svg
Names
IUPAC name
Methyl (2S,3R,4S)-3-ethenyl-2-(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-4-(2-oxoethyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran-5-carboxylate
Identifiers
CAS number 19351-63-4
ChemSpider 141670
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 161276
Properties
C17H24O10
Molar mass 388.37 g·mol−1
Density 1.42 g/mL
Boiling point 595.5 °C (1,103.9 °F; 868.6 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Secologanin is a secoiridoid monoterpene synthesized from geranyl pyrophosphate in the mevalonate pathway. Secologanin then proceeds with dopamine or tryptamine to form ipecac and terpene indole alkaloids, respectively.

Biosynthesis[edit]

Secologanin biosynthesis begins from geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP) taken from the mevalonate pathway used to make terpenoids. Recent efforts have characterized the entire secologanin biosynthetic pathway.[1] Secologanin is formed from loganin through the action of the enzyme secologanin synthase. Secologanin is then able to proceed onto produce ipecac and terpene indole alkaloids.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miettinen, Dong, Navrot, Schneider, Burlat, et al. (2014) The seco-iridoid pathway from Catharanthus roseus. Nat Commun. 5
  2. ^ "Secologanin Biosynthesis". Retrieved 31 May 2011.