Second Army (Turkey)

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This article is about a field army of the Republic of Turkey. For a field army of the Ottoman Empire, see Second Army (Ottoman Empire).
Second Army
Active November 1921-June 1923
October 1923-present
Country Turkey
Size Field Army
Part of Turkish Army
Garrison/HQ Malatya
Patron Citizens of the Republic of Turkey
Commanders
Current
commander
Servet Yörük
Notable
commanders
Yakup Şevki Subaşı (1921-1923)
Ali Fuat Cebesoy (1923-1924)
Fahrettin Altay (1924-1933)
İzzettin Çalışlar (1933-1939)
Abdurrahman Nafiz Gürman (1939-1944)

The Second Army of the Turkish Army has the headquarters in Malatya. It protects Anatolia and it patrols the border with Syria, Iraq and Iran.

Modern Turkish corps are referred to in TGS literature in Arabic (1st) numerals. It is not clear when the change occurred. An arbitrary date of 1945 has been chosen as the point at which to start referring to corps in Arabic numerals.

Formations[edit]

Order of battle, August 30, 1922[edit]

On August 30, 1922, the Second Army was organized as follows:

Second Army HG (Commander: Yakup Şevki Subaşı, Chief of Staff: Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir Erkilet)

Order of Battle, 1941[edit]

In June 1941, the Second Army was organized as follows:[1]

Second Army HQ (Balıkesir, Commander: Abdurrahman Nafiz Gürman)

Invasion of Cyprus[edit]

The ground forces detailed for the operation were put under the command of the 6th Corps/Second Army. They included the "Cakmak Special Strike Force", a brigade level unit which would conduct the amphibious landing, the Commando brigade, the Parachute brigade, the 39th infantry division, the 28th motorised infantry division and elements of the 5th armoured brigade and the Jandarma. About 6,000 Turkish-Cypriot fighters were stationed inside the Gönyeli enclave.[2]

Order of Battle, 2010[edit]

Estimated order of battle includes:[citation needed]

Reported order of battle, 2012, during Syrian uprising[edit]

The 2nd Army Command, headquartered in Malatya, has the second-highest number of troops after the Istanbul-based 1st Army Command, comprising roughly 100,000 soldiers. It is under the control of the Commander of the Land Forces, and includes these affiliated units:[6]

  • 4th Corps Command (Ankara)
  • 6th Corps Command (Adana)
  • 7th Corps Command (Diyarbakır)
  • 3rd Tactical Infantry Division (Yüksekova)
  • 28th Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Mamak)
  • 58th Artillery Brigade (Polatlı)
  • 1st Commando Brigade (Talas)
  • 2nd Commando Brigade (Bolu)
  • 5th Armored Brigade (Gaziantep)
  • 39th Mechanized Infantry Brigade (İskenderun)
  • 106th Artillery Regiment (İslahiye)
  • 34th Border Brigade (Şemdinli)
  • 16th Mechanized Brigade (Diyarbakır)
  • 20th Armored Brigade (Şanlıurfa)
  • 70th Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Mardin)
  • 172nd Armored Brigade (Silopi)
  • 2nd Motorized Infantry Brigade (Lice)
  • 6th Motorized Infantry Brigade (Akçay)
  • 3rd Commando Brigade (Siirt)
  • 107th Artillery Regiment (Siverek)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mete Tunçay, "İkinci Dünya Savaşı'nın Başlarında (1939-1941) Türk Ordusu", Tarih ve Toplum, S. 35, Kasım 1986, p. 41. (Turkish)
  2. ^ Απόφαση - Απόβαση, Μεχμέτ Αλί Μπιράντ, Εκδόσεις Ιωάννης Φλώρος, Athens 1984, page 52 (Greek translation of the Turkish original: "30 sicak gün", Birand Mehmet Ali, Millyet, Istanbul 1976)
  3. ^ a b Army sends more guns, soldiers, to borderline, Hürriyet, August 17, 2012
  4. ^ President calls for national unity, Turkish Daily News, Thursday, September 13, 2007
  5. ^ Unification of Culture and Tourism Ministries constitutional One soldier killed, three injured in terrorist attack Minister Cicek says Turkey's credit, Turkish Daily News, October 17, 2003.
  6. ^ http://www.haberturk.com/gundem/haber/762588-tsk-dugmeye-basti via Claire Berlinski, Turkish Armed Forces Press the Button: 100,000 troops put on standby, army units moving toward Syrian border, Gatestone Institute, July 30, 2012 at 1:35 pm

External links[edit]