Second Battle of Fort Sumter

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Second Battle of Fort Sumter
Part of the American Civil War
FTSumterSep1863a.jpg
Photograph taken September 8, 1863, shows the breech compromised at Fort Sumter's wall facing Morris Island during bombardment of Fort Sumter. The naval party attempted to enter the fort here.
Date September 7, 1863 (1863-09-07) – September 8, 1863 (1863-09-08)
Location Charleston, South Carolina
Result Confederate victory
Belligerents
United States United States Confederate States of America Confederate States
Commanders and leaders
Quincy Gillmore P. G. T. Beauregard
Strength
413 [1] 320
Casualties and losses
117 [1] unknown

The Second Battle of Fort Sumter was fought on September 8, 1863, in Charleston Harbor. Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard, who had commanded the defenses of Charleston and captured Fort Sumter in the first battle of the war, was in overall command of the defenders.

Battle[edit]

View of the fort from the sandbar in 1863

Union forces under Major General Quincy Gillmore attempted to retake the fort at the mouth of the harbor. Union gunners pummeled the fort from their batteries on Morris Island. After a severe bombing of the fort, Beauregard suspecting an attack replaced the artillerymen and all but one of the fort's guns with 320 infantrymen, who repulsed the naval landing party. Gillmore had reduced Fort Sumter to a pile of rubble, but the Confederate flag still waved over the ruins.

Bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, Charleston, South Carolina, 1863, William Aiken Walker, 1886, Gibbes Museum of Art

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the National Park Service document "NPS battle summary".

Coordinates: 32°45′09″N 79°52′30″W / 32.7524°N 79.8749°W / 32.7524; -79.8749