Second Battle of Homs

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Coordinates: 34°43′23″N 36°42′52″E / 34.723185°N 36.714462°E / 34.723185; 36.714462

2nd Battle of Homs
1281BattleOfHoms.JPG
Defeat of the Mongols (left) at the 1281 Battle of Hoims.
Date October 29, 1281
Location Homs
Result Egyptian Mamluk Victory
Belligerents
Ilkhanate
Georgia (country) Kingdom of Georgia
Rubenid Flag.svg Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Mameluke Flag.svg Mamluk Sultanate
Commanders and leaders
Möngke Temur  (WIA)
Georgia (country) Demetrius II
Armoiries Héthoumides.svg Leo II
Mameluke Flag.svg Qalawun
Units involved
Mongol army
Georgian and Armenian auxiliaries
unknown
Strength
80,000 unknown

The Second Battle of Homs was fought in western Syria on October 29, 1281, between the armies of the Mamluk dynasty of Egypt and Ilkhanate, division of the Mongol Empire centered on Iran. The battle was part of Abaqa Khan's attempt at taking Syria from the Mamluks.

After the Mamluk victories over Mongols at Ain Jalut in 1260 and Albistan in 1277, the Il-khan Abaqa sent his brother Möngke Temur at the head of a large army said to have numbered 80,000: 50,000 Mongols and 30,000 auxiliaries, chiefly Georgians under Demetrius II and Armenians under Leo II.

The two armies met south of Homs, a city in western Syria. In a pitched battle, the Georgians, Armenians and Oirats under King Leo II and Mongol generals routed and scattered the Mamluk left flank, but the Mamluks personally led by Sultan Qalawun destroyed the Mongol centre. Möngke Temur was wounded and fled, followed by his disorganized army. However, Qalawun chose to not pursue the defeated enemy, and the Georgian-Armenian auxiliaries of the Mongols managed to withdraw safely.

The following year, Abaqa died and his successor, Tekuder, reversed his policy towards the Mamluks. He converted to Islam and forged an alliance with the Mamluk sultan.[1][2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jean, Richard (1999). The Crusades, C. 1071-c. 1291, p. 453. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-62566-1.
  2. ^ Reuven Amitai-Preiss (1995), Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Īlkhānid War, 1260-1281, pp. 179-225. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-46226-6.