Second Chinese domination of Vietnam
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|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Vietnamese Wikipedia. (June 2012)|
|History of Vietnam|
The second Chinese domination marks a period when Vietnam fell into Chinese control for a second time, between the end of the Trưng Sisters and the start of the Anterior Lý Dynasty. The Trung sisters' independence movement had been a relatively brief interruption in the Bắc thuộc Chinese occupations of Vietnam which continued from 111 BCE to 938 CE. The late Han Dynasty of China strengthened its control over the region in 43 and Chinese governors ruled the area. Even when the Eastern Han Dynasty split into the Three Kingdoms in 220, Vietnam remained under the control of the Chinese state of Wu. The Chinese prefect of Jiaozhi Shi Xie ruled Vietnam as an autonomous warlord and was posthumously deified by later Vietnamese Emperors. Shi Xie was the leader of the elite ruling class of Han Chinese families who immigrated to Vietnam and played a major role inndeveloping Vietnam's culture.
A female rebel named Triệu Thị Trinh briefly pushed the Chinese rulers out in 248, but was soon overthrown. Then Vietnam was under the Chinese Jin Dynasty and the first half of the Southern and Northern Dynasties. The domination ended by 544, when Lý Nam Đế came to power. Lý Nam Đế came from a family of Chinese descent, the ancestors of his family were Chinese who fled to Vietnam from Wang Mang's seizure of power during the interregnum between the Western and Eastern Han dynasties.
Other local rebellions were organized by:
- Khu Liên 137–138
- Chu Ðạt 156–160
- Lương Long 178–181
- Triệu Chỉ 299–319
- Lương Thạch 319–323
- Lý Trường Nhân and Lý Thúc Hiến 468–485
- Taylor, Keith Weller. (1983). The Birth of Vietnam (illustrated, reprint ed.). University of California Press. ISBN 0520074173. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
Trưng Sisters revolt
|Dynasty of Vietnam
Anterior Lý Dynasty