Cold War II
Cold War II, also known as the Second Cold War or the New Cold War, is a term used for the renewed ongoing tensions, hostilities, and rivalry between the United States led by Barack Obama and European Union against the Russian Federation led by Vladimir Putin and the People's Republic of China, led by Xi Jinping.
The conflict follows 23 years after the first Cold War ended, which was fought between the United States and the Soviet Union and took place over much of the 20th century, finally ending in December 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union. These tensions have gradually escalated over the course of the 2010s, and by August 2014, relations between the United States, European Union, and Russia were claimed to have deteriorated to a point "beyond repair," with Russia attempting to counterbalance the West through the creation of a new trading bloc of former Soviet states. Similar to the first Cold War, the crisis has revived the notion of the proxy war, most notably in Syria and in Donbass. Other actions before the second Cold War include the Russian and Georgian confrontation in the 2008 South Ossetia War, the Russia response to the NATO missile defence system, great military cooperation within the Russia–Venezuela relations, North Korean nuclear threats, Russia taking Edward Snowden to an asylum in Russia during the 2013 mass surveillance disclosures, and Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Armenia, creating the Eurasian Economic Union, to challenge the European Union.
Although not strictly the beginning of the crisis, use of the term "Cold War II" and speculation over its appropriateness grew as tensions between Russia and the West escalated through the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, the Russian involvement in the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine and the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, an action for which pro-Russian separatists were held responsible. By August 2014, both sides had implemented economic, financial, and diplomatic sanctions upon each other. Russia is temporarily suspended from the G8 following their annexation of the Crimean peninsula in March. As such, the G8 summit originally planned to take place in Sochi, Russia earlier in June was cancelled; instead, an alternative G7 summit was held in Brussels, Belgium, courtesy of the European Union.
Wars related to the Cold War II include the Syrian Civil War (2011-present), and 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine (2014-present), also includes the War In Donbass & the 2014 Crimean Crisis. Other Unnoticeable wars like the Turkey-PKK conflict (which the United States supports Turkey, while The Kurdistan Workers' Party is claimed to have been supported by Russia, by Turkey) and the Communist insurgency in the Philippines is to be part of it too, they also include the ideology of Communism. Conflicts In Iraq and Gaza is also partially related to the second Cold War.
The Territorial disputes in the South China Sea is also sometimes related to the second Cold War, between Vietnam, Taiwan, Japan, the Philippines, and the United States, with China. There is also others included in the South China sea dispute, and most nations involved are usually against each other. Many incidents have occurred between nations. Including the United States and China. Major military buildup is occurring in the South China Sea.
Though both nations oppose the growing Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, and they both assisted Iraq during the ongoing Iraqi Insurgency in the same fight against ISIS. Russia condemned the American-led intervention in Syria, in which the United States and other Arab allies conducted airstikes in mostly, North-Western Syria. During the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict, nations including Iran, Nicaragua, North Korea, Syria, Cuba, and Russia (Which are all historically aligned with Russia) all condemned the "genocide" against Palestinians.
According to the "Theory of the Globe Scrambled by Social Networks [...] the Cold War seems to continue in a different form, on Social Networks. Concerning the use of the Social Networks, the Globe seems to be scrambled; if the Western Countries have the same social media, such as Twitter or Facebook, all the Eastern Governments prefer to promote Social Networks closer to their own culture, avoiding any American influences." 
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- Peccia, T., 2014, "The Theory of the Globe Scrambled by Social Networks: A New Sphere of Influence 2.0", Jura Gentium - Rivista di Filosofia del Diritto Internazionale e della Politica Globale, Sezione "L'Afghanistan Contemporaneo", http://www.juragentium.org/topics/wlgo/en/peccia.htm