Second Confederate Congress

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Confederate States Capitol (1865)

The Second Confederate Congress was the second and last regular term of the legislature of the Confederate States of America. Members of the Second Confederate Congress were chosen in elections held at various dates in 1863 and 1864.[1] They only served for just over one year of their two-year term before the Confederacy was defeated and the American Civil War ended.

Sessions[edit]

The term of the Second Confederate Congress started on February 18, 1864 and was due to end on February 18, 1866. In the event the Congress did not function after the end of its second and last session.

All sessions of the Second Confederate Congress met in the Confederacy's capital of Richmond, Virginia.

  • 1st Session - May 2, 1864 to June 14, 1864
  • 2nd Session - November 7, 1864 to March 18, 1865

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

House[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

X: served in the Senate of the First Congress (i.e. reelected or continued in office for this Second Congress).

Confederate States Senators were elected by the state legislatures, or appointed by state Governors to fill casual vacancies until the legislature elected a new Senator. It was intended that one-third of the Senate would begin new six-year terms with each Congress after the first.
Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their terms. Senators of Class 1 were intended to serve a six-year term, starting with this Congress and expiring in 1870. Class 2 Senators served what was intended to be a four-year term, due to end on the expiry of this Congress in 1866. Class 3 Senators were meant to serve a six-year term, due to expire in 1868.[2]

Alabama

Arkansas

Florida

Georgia

Kentucky

Louisiana

Mississippi

Missouri

  • 2. Waldo Porter Johnson X
  • 1. (vacant caused by the inability of the Missouri legislature to meet and elect a senator)

North Carolina

South Carolina

Tennessee

Texas

Virginia

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

X: reelected

Alabama

Arkansas

Florida

Georgia

Kentucky

Louisiana

Mississippi

Missouri

In Confederate law, the people of Missouri were entitled to elect thirteen representatives. The state never implemented the reapportionment and continued to use its existing seven districts.[5]

North Carolina

South Carolina

Tennessee

Texas

Virginia

Delegates[edit]

Non voting members of the House of Representatives.

Arizona Territory

Cherokee Nation

Creek and Seminole Nations

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Historical Atlas of the Congresses of the Confederate States of America: 1861-1865, by Kenneth C. Martis (Simon and Schuster 1994)
  1. ^ Historical Atlas ..., pp. 135-138
  2. ^ Permanent Constitution of the Confederate States and Confederate Senate Journal
  3. ^ Historical Atlas ..., p. 135
  4. ^ Historical Atlas ..., p. 136
  5. ^ Historical Atlas ... p. 20 and p. 128
  6. ^ Historical Atlas ... p. 137 and notes p. 139
  7. ^ Historical Atlas ... p. 137 and notes p. 140
  8. ^ Historical Atlas ... p. 137 and notes p. 140