Second Generation Patrol Vessel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gowind fair use.jpg
CGI graphics of the SGPV released by DCNS
Class overview
Name: Gowind-class frigates
Builders:
Operators:  Royal Malaysian Navy[1]
Cost: US$2.8 billion for 6 ship programme
US$466 million each (ceiling price)
Building: 1[2]
Planned: 6[1]
General characteristics
Type: Stealth frigate
Displacement: 3100 tons
Length: 111 m (364 ft) (overall)
105 m (344 ft) (waterline)
Beam: 16 m (52 ft) (main deck)
14.2 m (47 ft) (waterline)
Draught: 3.85 m (12.6 ft)
Propulsion: CODAD
Speed: 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Range: 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement: 138[3]
Sensors and
processing systems:
(Malaysia Specification)[1][4]

Combat System:DCNS SETIS
Search radar:Thales SMART-S Mk2
Fire control radar:Rheinmetall TMEO Mk2 electro-optical tracking system & TMX/EO Mk2
Decoy:Wallop/Esterline SuperBarricade system

Sonar:Thales CAPTAS-2 ASW suite with hull sonar & towed array sonar
Armament: (Malaysia Specification)[1]
Aircraft carried: various types of UAVs
a helicopter, weighing up to 10 tons

The Second Generation Patrol Vessel (SGPV), also called Littoral combat ships (LCS) is a class of six stealth frigates being built for the Royal Malaysian Navy.[1] The ships are based on an enlarged version of the Gowind-class corvette, designed by DCNS of France. The contract has been finalised and it has been decided that all six ships will be built by local shipbuilder Boustead Holdings Berhad for the Royal Malaysian Navy at a ceiling price of RM9 billion (US$2.8 billion), starting from 2015.[5] The ships will be 111 meters long with a displacement of 3,100 tonnes.[6][7]

Development[edit]

SGPV program[edit]

In early 2011, Malaysia announced its SGPV program with a budget of RM6 billion (US$1.9 billion) and six foreign shipbuilders announced interest in the project, most notably ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems with the MEKO 200 and Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding with the Sigma-class 10514 as well as DCNS's Gowind-class corvette which was ultimately selected.[8]

Contract awarded[edit]

In late 2011, it was announced that the Gowind class had been chosen and that the SGPV program had been awarded to Boustead Naval Shipyard/DCNS, with the ceiling price increasing to RM9 billion (US$2.8 billion) from RM6 billion (US$1.9 billion). The RM9 billion (US$2.8 billion) contract included intellectual property rights and technology transfer.[9] The ships' sizes had also changed in accordance with the increase in ceiling price, increasing from 2700 tonnes to 3100 tonnes. All 6 ships will be built by Boustead Naval Shipyard in Lumut, Malaysia and electronic components will be assembled in Cyberjaya, a township in Malaysia just south of Kuala Lumpur.

Defence Services Asia 2014[edit]

At DSA 2014, the program manager Mr Anuar replied to an interview saying that "The program is progressing rather well, with some parts already in critical design review" and "We expect the first ship to be finished by 2017 or early 2018". He also implied that Boustead Naval Shipyard was in charge of designing the Malaysian specification of the Gowind-class ship and not DCNS.[10] He also commented that the ships are "full fledged frigates and in my opinion, will be a huge deterrent for the Royal Malaysian Navy."

IHS Jane's[edit]

On 5 October 2014, an article on IHS Jane's Defence Weekly website stated that the Royal Malaysian Navy chief Admiral Aziz told IHS Jane's that construction of the first of the six-ship LCS class had started at the Boustead Heavy Industries Corporation (BHIC) shipyard facilities in Lumut, and reiterating a 2017-18 delivery date for the first ship and the remaining five ships delivered at six-month intervals thereafter. It also stated that RMN's current planning schedule called for sea trials of the first ship to be carried out in 2018 and operational entry in 2019.[11]

LIMA 2015[edit]

At the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition 2015, Anuar Murad, Director of the Defence & Security Division at Boustead Heavy Industries Corporation (BHIC), confirmed that the Naval Strike Missile had been chosen for the SGPV's anti-ship missile requirement, winning over the Exocet MM40 Blk3. He also commented that “We are now approaching the end of basic design phase two. We have integrated the systems and equipment into the main whole warship design. We have two more combat system equipments that we have not been able to finalize. For the platform systems equipment, we do have all the major ones already in contract and gone through the design review”. Some additional details of the ship such as dimensions at waterline and sea state survivability were made known at the exhibition.[12]

Characteristics[edit]

General[edit]

Specifications

  • Displacement - 3,100 t
  • Length - 111 m (overall) / 105 m (waterline)
  • Breadth - 16 m (main deck) / 14.2 m (waterline)
  • Draught - 3.85 m
  • Propulsion - CODAD
  • Maximum speed - 28 knots
  • Range - 5,000 nm at 15 knots
  • Crew - 138
  • Survivability - Sea State 9
  • Endurance - 21 days
  • Aircraft carried - 1 × Super Lynx 300 / Fennec AS555 / EC725

Armament[edit]

The stealth 57mm gun to equip the SGPVs, seen with the barrel retracted

It has been decided that the ships will be armed with

The 57mm gun will be mounted in a stealth cupola similar to the ones mounted on the Swedish Visby-class corvette. Boustead Naval Shipyard has also announced that there has been extra space allocated on the deck of the ship for more VLS cells. The contracts for many of the armaments have been signed, leaving only the anti air missiles undecided.

Sensors[edit]

SMART-S radar for the SGPVs

These sensors have been chosen for the ships.

Combat System:DCNS SETIS
Search radar:Thales SMART-S Mk2
Fire control radar:Rheinmetall TMEO Mk2 electro-optical tracking system & TMX/EO Mk2
Decoy:Wallop/Esterline SuperBarricade system
Sonar:Thales CAPTAS-2 ASW suite with hull sonar & towed array sonar

It is believed that the Navy had requested for Thales Herakles radar used on the FREMM frigates but Boustead Naval Shipyard had instead chosen the SMART-S.[15]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Malaysian Ministry of Defence Confirms Construction of Gowind ships for LCS program". navyrecognition.com. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.malaysiandefence.com/?p=5330
  3. ^ "NavyRecognition". Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "LIMA 2015 update". Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Abas, Marhalim (17 July 2014). "SGPV-LCS Contract Formalised". Malaysian Defence. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "BHIC to Build First Littoral Combat Ship in 2015". 5 April 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "Royal Malaysian Navy Releases First Official Image of its LCS-SGPV Corvette". navyrecognition.com. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  8. ^ Abas, Marhalim (22 February 2011). "SGPV or LCS…Part II". Malaysian Defence. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Abas, Marhalim (17 December 2011). "SGPV/LCS/ Frigate awarded to BNS/DCNS Ceiling Price Goes Up to RM9 billion". Malaysian Defence. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Malaysian Navy Gowind SGPV LCS program update at DSA 2014 with Boustead". Youtube. 
  11. ^ "Malaysia Targeting 2019 in-Service Date for Littoral Combat Ship". October 7, 2014. 
  12. ^ "NavyRecognition". Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "Letter of Award for NSM ships equipment with Malaysian Boustead Naval Shipyard Sdn Bhd". 9 April 2015. 
  14. ^ "J+S Ltd to supply the Torpedo Launching System for the Royal Malaysian Navy LCS/SGPV corvettes". navyrecognition.com. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Thales SMART-S Mk2 radar and CAPTAS- 2 towed sonar confirmed for Malaysia LCS program". navyrecognition.com. 18 February 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.