Gulf War (disambiguation)

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The Gulf War (August 1990 to February 1991) was a war against Iraq by a U.S.-led coalition, following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.

Gulf War or (First) Persian Gulf War may also refer to:

The Second Gulf War usually refers to the Iraq War (March 2003 to December 2011), a two-phase conflict comprising an initial invasion of Iraq led by US and UK forces and a longer, seven-year phase of occupation and fighting with insurgents.

Second (Persian) Gulf War may also refer to:

  • 2003 invasion of Iraq (March 2003 to May 2003), the initial invasion at the start of the Iraq War
  • Gulf War (August 1990 to February 1991), a war between Iraq and a coalition of nations led by the United States[a]

The Third Gulf War can refer to the 2014 American intervention in Iraq (July 2014 to -), a multi-national campaign to rid Iraq of ISIS influence and deliver humanitarian aid to Iraqi minority religious groups.


  1. ^ The numbering of conflicts in the Persian Gulf depends on whether the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988) is referred to as the First (Persian) Gulf War (English language sources prior to the start of the 1990-1991 war usually called it the Gulf War), which would make the 1990 war the Second (Persian) Gulf War. Different sources may call the conflicts by different names. The name 'Persian Gulf' is itself a subject of dispute. The start date of the Kuwait War can also be seen as either August 1990 (when Iraq's Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait) or as January 1991 (the start of Operation Desert Storm, when the US-led Coalition forced Iraq out of Kuwait), so that the war is also often called the 1991 Gulf War, the 1990-1991 Gulf War, the 1990s Gulf War, etc... This dating is also used to distinguish it from the other two 'Gulf Wars'.