Second Lady of the United States

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Second Lady of the
United States
Jill Biden official portrait headshot.jpg
Incumbent
Jill Biden

since January 20, 2009
Style Dr. Biden
Residence Number One Observatory Circle
Inaugural holder Abigail Adams
Formation April 20, 1789
Website Jill Biden

Second Lady of the United States is an informal title for the wife of the Vice President of the United States, coined in contrast to the First Lady (who is almost always the wife of the president).

The second lady's visibility in the public sphere has been a somewhat recent development. Although the role of the First Lady as White House hostess dates from the beginning of the republic (and was typically filled by another member of the president's family if the president was unmarried or a widower), with a few exceptions, it was generally not until the late 20th century and early 21st century that vice-presidential wives took on public roles that attracted significant media attention.

Floride Calhoun, wife of Vice President John C. Calhoun, was a central figure in the Petticoat Affair, a social-political scandal which involved the social ostracism of Secretary of War John H. Eaton and his wife Margaret O'Neill Eaton further damaging already-strained relations between Vice President Calhoun and President Andrew Jackson. Tipper Gore, wife of Vice President Al Gore, was active in several campaigns to remove material she found objectionable from popular American entertainment like movies, television shows and music, starting when her husband was a senator. She challenged performers over their use of profane lyrics and often debated with her critics, such as Dead Kennedys singer Jello Biafra. Lynne Cheney, wife of Vice President Dick Cheney, championed education reform, citing specific failures of the American public education system during her tenure as second lady. She is a particularly outspoken supporter of American history education, having written five bestselling books on this topic for children and their families.[1] Jill Biden, the current second lady, works as an English professor at Northern Virginia Community College, and is thought to be the first second lady to hold a paying job while her husband is vice president. She has been involved in various causes, including breast cancer awareness and literacy.

List of wives of the vice presidents[edit]

# Image Second Lady Date of birth Vice President
Marriage date
Tenure Date of death (age) First Lady's tenure
01.0 1 Abigail Adams.jpg Adams, Abigail Abigail Adams (née Smith) (1744-11-11)November 11, 1744 Adams, John John Adams
October 25, 1764
April 30, 1789—March 4, 1797 (1818-10-28) October 28, 1818(1818-10-28) (aged 73) 1797–1801
01.1 Vacant; Jefferson, Thomas Thomas Jefferson was a widower. March 4, 1797—March 4, 1801  
01.2 Vacant; Aaron Burr was a widower. March 4, 1801—March 4, 1805  
01.3 Vacant; George Clinton was a widower. March 4, 1805—April 20, 1812  
01.4 Vacant; no Vice President. April 20, 1812—March 4, 1813  
02.0 2 Ann Thompson Gerry.jpg Gerry, Ann Ann Gerry (née Thompson) (1763-08-12)August 12, 1763 Gerry, Elbridge Elbridge Gerry
March 4, 1813—November 23, 1814 (1849-03-17) March 17, 1849(1849-03-17) (aged 85)
02.1 Vacant; no Vice President. November 23, 1814—March 4, 1817  
03.0 3 Hannah Tompkins2.jpg Tompkins, Hannah Hannah Tompkins (née Minthorne) (1781-08-28)August 28, 1781 Tompkins, Daniel D Daniel D Tompkins
March 4, 1817—March 4, 1825 (1829-02-18) February 18, 1829(1829-02-18) (aged 47)
04.0 4 Floride Calhoun nee Colhoun.jpg Calhoun, Floride Floride Calhoun (née Colhoun) (1792-02-15)February 15, 1792 Calhoun, John C. John C. Calhoun
January 8, 1811
March 4, 1825—December 28, 1832 (1866-07-25) July 25, 1866(1866-07-25) (aged 74)
04.1 Vacant; no Vice President. December 28, 1832—March 4, 1833  
04.2 Vacant; Buren, Martin Van Martin Van Buren was a widower. March 4, 1833—March 4, 1837  
04.3 Vacant; Johnson, Richard Mentor Richard Mentor Johnson was unmarried. March 4, 1837—March 4, 1841  
05.0 5 Letitia Tyler2.jpg Tyler, Letitia Christian Letitia Christian Tyler (née Christian) (1790-11-12)November 12, 1790 Tyler, John John Tyler
March 4, 1841—April 4, 1841 (1842-09-12) September 12, 1842(1842-09-12) (aged 51) 1841–1842
05.1 Vacant; no Vice President. April 4, 1841—March 4, 1845  
06.0 6 Mrs Nicklin etching from Gilbert Stuart painting.jpg Dallas, Sophia Sophia Dallas (née Nicklin) (1798-06-24)June 24, 1798 Dallas, George M. George M. Dallas
1816
March 4, 1845—March 4, 1849 (1869-01-11) January 11, 1869(1869-01-11) (aged 70)
07.0 7 Abigail Fillmore (Library of Congress).jpg Fillmore, Abigail Abigail Fillmore (née Powers) (1798-03-13)March 13, 1798 Fillmore, Millard Millard Fillmore
February 5, 1826
March 4, 1849—July 9, 1850 (1853-03-30) March 30, 1853(1853-03-30) (aged 55) 1850–1853
07.1 Vacant; no Vice President. July 9, 1850—March 4, 1853  
07.2 Vacant; King, William R. William R. King was unmarried. March 4, 1853—April 18, 1853  
07.3 Vacant; no Vice President. April 18, 1853—March 4, 1857  
08.0 8 Mary-Cyrene-Breckinridge.jpg Breckinridge, Mary Cyrene Burch Mary Cyrene Burch Breckinridge (née Cyrene Burch Rhodes) (1826-08-16)August 16, 1826 Breckinridge, John C. John C. Breckinridge
December 12, 1843
March 4, 1857—March 4, 1861 (1907-10-08) October 8, 1907(1907-10-08) (aged 81)
09.0 9 Ellen Hamlin.jpg Hamlin, Ellen Ellen Hamlin (née Emery) (1835-09-14)September 14, 1835 Hamlin, Hannibal Hannibal Hamlin
1855
March 4, 1861—March 4, 1865 (1925-02-01) February 1, 1925(1925-02-01) (aged 89)
10 Mrs-E-Johnson.jpg Johnson, Eliza McCardle Eliza McCardle Johnson (née McCardle) (1810-10-04)October 4, 1810 Johnson, Andrew Andrew Johnson
May 17, 1827
March 4, 1865—April 15, 1865 (1876-01-15) January 15, 1876(1876-01-15) (aged 65) 1865–1869
11 Ellen Maria Colfax.jpg Colfax, Ellen Maria Ellen Maria Colfax (née Wade) (1836-07-26) (1836-07-26)July 26, 1836 Colfax, Schuyler Schuyler Colfax
November 18, 1868
March 4, 1869—March 4, 1873 (1911-03-04) March 4, 1911(1911-03-04) (aged 74)
11.1 Vacant; Wilson, Henry Henry Wilson was a widower. March 4, 1873—November 22, 1875  
11.2 Vacant; no Vice President. November 22, 1875—March 4, 1877  
11.3 Vacant; Wheeler, William A. William A. Wheeler was a widower. March 4, 1877—March 4, 1881  
11.4 Vacant; Arthur, Chester A. Chester A. Arthur was a widower. March 4, 1881—September 19, 1881  
11.5 Vacant; no Vice President. September 19, 1881—March 4, 1885  
12 Eliza Hendricks.jpg Hendricks, Eliza Eliza Hendricks (née Morgan) (1823-11-23)November 23, 1823 Hendricks, Thomas A. Thomas A. Hendricks
March 4, 1885—November 25, 1885 (1903-01-03) January 3, 1903(1903-01-03) (aged 79)
12.1 Vacant; no Vice President. November 25, 1885—March 4, 1889  
13 Anna Morton.jpg Morton, Anna Anna Morton (née Street) (1846-05-18)May 18, 1846 Morton, Levi P. Levi P. Morton
1873
March 4, 1889—March 4, 1893 (1918-08-14) August 14, 1918(1918-08-14) (aged 72)
14 Letitiastevenson.jpg Stevenson, Letitia Letitia Stevenson (née Green) (1843-01-08)January 8, 1843 Stevenson, Adlai I Adlai Stevenson I
1866
March 4, 1893–March 4, 1897 (1913-12-25) December 25, 1913(1913-12-25) (aged 70)
15 JTHobart.gif Hobart, Jennie Tuttle Jennie Tuttle Hobart (née Tuttle) (1849-04-30)April 30, 1849 Hobart, Garret Garret Hobart
July 21, 1869
March 4, 1897–November 21, 1899 (1941-01-08) January 8, 1941(1941-01-08) (aged 91)
15.1 Vacant; no Vice President. November 21, 1899—March 4, 1901  
16 Edith Roosevelt.jpg Roosevelt, Edith Edith Roosevelt (née Carow) (1861-08-06)August 6, 1861 Roosevelt, Theodore Theodore Roosevelt
December 2, 1886
March 4, 1901–September 14, 1901 (1948-09-30) September 30, 1948(1948-09-30) (aged 87) 1901–1909
16.1 Vacant; no Vice President. September 14, 1901—March 4, 1905  
17 Fairbanks 4408868314 de2f1cd85b o.jpg Fairbanks, Cornelia Cole Cornelia Cole Fairbanks (née Cole) January 1852 Fairbanks, Charles W. Charles W. Fairbanks
1874
Mary 4, 1905–March 4, 1909 (1913-10-25) October 25, 1913(1913-10-25) (aged 61)
18 Mrs. Sherman.jpg Sherman, Carrie Babcock Carrie Babcock Sherman (née Babcock) (1856-11-16)November 16, 1856 Sherman, James S. James S. Sherman
January 26, 1881
March 4, 1909–October 6, 1912 (1931-10-06) October 6, 1931(1931-10-06) (aged 74)
18.1 Vacant; no Vice President. October 6, 1912—March 4, 1913  
19 Mrs. Thos. R. Marshall.jpg Marshall, Lois Irene Lois Irene Marshall (née Kimsey) (1873-05-09)May 9, 1873 Marshall, Thomas R. Thomas R. Marshall
October 2, 1895
March 4, 1913–March 4, 1921 (1958-01-06) January 6, 1958(1958-01-06) (aged 84)
20 Grace Coolidge knitting.jpg Coolidge, Grace Grace Coolidge (née Goodhue) (1879-01-03)January 3, 1879 Coolidge, Calvin Calvin Coolidge
October 4, 1905
March 4, 1921–August 2, 1923 (1957-07-08) July 8, 1957(1957-07-08) (aged 78) 1923–1929
20.1 Vacant; no Vice President. August 2, 1923—March 4, 1925  
21 Caro Dawes 1924.jpg Dawes, Caro Caro Dawes (née Blymyer) (1866-01-06)January 6, 1866 Dawes, Charles G. Charles G. Dawes
1889
March 4, 1925–March 4, 1929 (1957-10-03) October 3, 1957(1957-10-03) (aged 91)
21.1 Vacant; Curtis, Charles Charles Curtis was a widower. March 4, 1929—March 4, 1933  
22 Mrs. John Nance Garner.jpg Garner, Mariette Rheiner Mariette Rheiner Garner (née Rheiner) (1869-07-17)July 17, 1869 Garner, John Nance John Nance Garner
November 25, 1895
March 4, 1933–March 4, 1941 (1948-08-17) August 17, 1948(1948-08-17) (aged 79)
23 Mrs. Henry Wallace.jpg Wallace, Ilo Ilo Wallace (née Browne) (1888-03-10)March 10, 1888 Wallace, Henry A. Henry A. Wallace
March 4, 1941–January 20, 1945 (1981-02-22) February 22, 1981(1981-02-22) (aged 92)
24 Beth Truman cropped.jpg Truman, Bess Bess Truman (née Wallace) (1885-02-13)February 13, 1885 Truman, Harry S. Harry S. Truman
June 28, 1919
January 20, 1945–April 12, 1945 (1982-10-18) October 18, 1982(1982-10-18) (aged 97) 1945–1953
24.1 Vacant; no Vice President. April 12, 1945—January 20, 1949  
24.2 Vacant; Barkley, Alben W. Alben W. Barkley was a widower. January 20, 1949—November 18, 1949  
25 Jane Barkley.jpg Barkley, Jane Hadley Jane Hadley Barkley (née Rucker) (1911-09-23)September 23, 1911 Barkley, Alben W. Alben W. Barkley
November 18, 1949
November 18, 1949–January 20, 1953 (1964-09-06) September 6, 1964(1964-09-06) (aged 52)
26 PatNixon.jpg Nixon, Pat Pat Nixon (née Ryan) (1912-03-16)March 16, 1912 Nixon, Richard Richard Nixon
June 21, 1940
January 20, 1953–January 20, 1961 (1993-06-22) June 22, 1993(1993-06-22) (aged 81) 1969–1974
27 Lady Bird Johnson 1987.jpg Johnson, Lady Bird Lady Bird Johnson (née Taylor) (1912-12-22)December 22, 1912 Johnson, Lyndon B. Lyndon B. Johnson
November 17, 1934
January 20, 1961–November 22, 1963 (2007-07-11) July 11, 2007(2007-07-11) (aged 94) 1963–1969
27.1 Vacant; no Vice President. November 22, 1963—January 20, 1965  
28 Senator Muriel Humphrey (D-MN).jpg Humphrey, Muriel Buck Muriel Buck Humphrey (née Buck, later Brown) (1912-02-20)February 20, 1912 Humphrey, Hubert Hubert Humphrey
September 3, 1936
January 20, 1965–January 20, 1969 (1998-09-20) September 20, 1998(1998-09-20) (aged 86)
29 Mrs. Agnew.tif Agnew, Judy Judy Agnew (née Judefind) (1921-04-23)April 23, 1921 Agnew, Spiro Spiro Agnew
May 27, 1942
January 20, 1969–October 10, 1973 (2012-06-20) June 20, 2012(2012-06-20) (aged 91)
30 Betty Ford, official White House photo color, 1974.jpg Ford, Betty Betty Ford (née Bloomer) (1918-04-08)April 8, 1918 Ford, Gerald Gerald Ford
October 15, 1948
December 6, 1973–August 9, 1974 (2011-07-08) July 8, 2011(2011-07-08) (aged 93) 1974–1977
30.1 Vacant; no Vice President. August 9, 1974—December 19, 1974  
31 Happy Rockefeller 1973.JPG Rockefeller, Happy Happy Rockefeller (née Fitler) (1926-06-06)June 6, 1926 Rockefeller, Nelson Nelson Rockefeller
May 4, 1963
December 19, 1974–January 20, 1977 2014-08-22 Living
32 JoanMondale.jpg Mondale, Joan Joan Mondale (née Adams) (1930-08-08)August 8, 1930 Mondale, Walter Walter Mondale
December 27, 1955
January 20, 1977–January 20, 1981 (2014-02-03) February 3, 2014(2014-02-03) (aged 83)
33 Barbara Bush portrait.jpg Bush, Barbara Barbara Bush (née Pierce) (1925-06-08)June 8, 1925 Bush, George H. W. George H. W. Bush
January 6, 1945
January 20, 1981–January 20, 1989 2014-08-22 Living 1989–1993
34 Marilyn Quayle.jpg Quayle, Marilyn Marilyn Quayle (née Tucker) (1949-07-29)July 29, 1949 Quayle, Dan Dan Quayle
November 18, 1972
January 20, 1989–January 20, 1993 2014-08-22 Living
35 Mary Elizabeth Gore.JPG Gore, Tipper Tipper Gore (née Aitcheson) (1948-08-19)August 19, 1948 Gore, Al Al Gore
May 19, 1970
January 20, 1993–January 20, 2001 2014-08-22 Living
36 Mrscheney.jpeg Cheney, Lynne Lynne Cheney (née Vincent) (1941-08-14)August 14, 1941 Cheney, Dick Dick Cheney
August 29, 1964
January 20, 2001–January 20, 2009 2014-08-22 Living
37 Jill Biden official portrait crop.jpg Biden, Jill Jill Biden (née Jacobs) (1951-06-03)June 3, 1951 Biden, Joe Joe Biden
June 17, 1977
January 20, 2009–present 2014-08-22 Living

List of living current or former vice presidents’ wives[edit]

As of August 2014, there were six living current or former vice presidents’ wives. The most recent second lady to die was Walter Mondale's wife, Joan Adams Mondale, on February 3, 2014.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mrs. Lynne Cheney". whitehouse.gov. The White House. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 

External links[edit]