Second Mongol invasion of Hungary

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The Second Mongol invasion of Hungary led by Nogai Khan and Tulabuga took place during the winter of 1285/1286.

Invasion[edit]

After the deaths of the kings Béla IV and Stephen V, Ladislaus IV assumed the Hungarian throne in 1272. Under the maternal influence, he became known as the Ladislaus the Cuman. In the next years, his resistance against the nobles and clerics became stronger, at the point that he arrested a papal legate when a law requiring the pagan cumans to Christianism and imprisoned his Christian wife, Isabel of Anjou. The barons raised an army and the Archbishop of Esztergom declared a crusade against the Hungarian king. So Ladislaus IV turned to Nogai searching help.

In the winter of 1285, Mongol armies invaded Hungary for a second time. As in the first invasion in 1241, Mongols invaded Hungary in two fronts. Nogai invaded via Transylvania, while Tulabuga invaded via Transcarpathia and Moravia. But due the heavy snow of the Carpathians, Tulabuga retreated to Volynia, whose cities where plundered by his army. Nogai stayed in Transylvania until the spring of 1286. Here he plundered some towns and villages, but his army was ambushed by the Székely people.

References[edit]

  • Chambers, James -- The Devil's Horsemen: The Mongol Invasion of Europe