Second officer (aeronautics)

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A second officer usually refers to the third in the line of command for a flight crew on a commercial or non-military aircraft. Usually the second officer is a flight engineer who is also a licensed pilot. A second officer on some airlines is part of a relief crew. Rarely, such relief pilots are called third officer. The title derives from the nautical title indicating a third in command officer.

In some airlines, the second officer is a junior officer, acting as first officer but still undergoing training and supervision from a training captain (Swiss, Lufthansa, among others use this denomination).

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