Second Peel ministry

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The Second Peel Ministry was formed by Sir Robert Peel, Bt in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1841.

History[edit]

Peel came to power for a second time after the Conservative victory in the General Election caused the Whig government of Lord Melbourne to resign.

Henry Goulburn was Chancellor of the Exchequer, the future Prime Minister Lord Aberdeen Foreign Secretary and Sir James Graham Home Secretary. William Ewart Gladstone, who was yet to join the Liberal Party, became a member of the cabinet for the first time in 1843 when he was appointed President of the Board of Trade. His future rival Benjamin Disraeli was overlooked by Peel and was a sharp critic of the government.

The government was brought down by Peel's decision in 1846 to support the repeal of the Corn Laws, leading to a split in the Tory party and the formation of a Whig government under Lord John Russell.

Cabinet[edit]

September 1841 – July 1846[edit]

OFFICE NAME TERM
First Lord of the Treasury
Leader of the House of Commons
Sir Robert Peel, Bt September 1841 – July 1846
Lord Chancellor The Lord Lyndhurst September 1841 – July 1846
Lord President of the Council The Lord Wharncliffe September 1841 – December 1845
  The Duke of Buccleuch December 1845 – July 1846
Lord Privy Seal The Duke of Buckingham September 1841 – February 1842
  The Duke of Buccleuch February 1842 – January 1846
  The Earl of Haddington January–July 1846
Home Secretary Sir James Graham, Bt September 1841 – July 1846
Foreign Secretary The Earl of Aberdeen September 1841 – July 1846
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies Lord Stanley September 1841 – December 1845
  William Ewart Gladstone December 1845 – July 1846
First Lord of the Admiralty The Earl of Haddington September 1841 – January 1846
  The Earl of Ellenborough January–July 1846
Chancellor of the Exchequer Henry Goulburn September 1841 – July 1846
President of the Board of Control The Lord Ellenborough September–October 1841
  The Lord FitzGerald October 1841 – May 1843
  The Earl of Ripon May 1843 – July 1846
President of the Board of Trade The Earl of Ripon September 1841 – May 1843
  William Ewart Gladstone May 1843 – January 1845
First Commissioner of Woods and Forests Earl of Lincoln February 1845 – January 1846
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Lord Granville Somerset May 1844 – July 1846
Secretary at War Sir Henry Hardinge September 1841 – January 1845
  Sidney Herbert January 1845 – July 1846
Paymaster-General Sir Edward Knatchbull, Bt September 1841 – January 1845
Chief Secretary for Ireland Earl of Lincoln January–July 1846
Minister without Portfolio
Leader of the House of Lords
The Duke of Wellington September 1841 – July 1846


Changes[edit]

  • October 1841: Lord FitzGerald succeeds Lord Ellenborough as President of the Board of Control.
  • February 1842: The Duke of Buccleuch succeeds the Duke of Buckingham as Lord Privy Seal.
  • May 1843: Lord Ripon succeeds FitzGerald as President of the Board of Control. William Ewart Gladstone succeeds Ripon at the Board of Trade.
  • May 1844: Lord Granville Somerset, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, enters the Cabinet. Sir Henry Hardinge leaves the cabinet. His successor as Secretary at War is not in the Cabinet.
  • February 1845: William Gladstone resigns as President of the Board of Trade. His successor in that post is not in the Cabinet. The First Commissioner of Woods and Forests, Lord Lincoln, enters the Cabinet, while Sir Edward Knatchbull, the Paymaster, leaves it.
  • May 1845: Sidney Herbert, the Secretary at War, enters the Cabinet.
  • December 1845: Gladstone succeeds Lord Stanley as Secretary for War and the Colonies.
  • January 1846—The Duke of Buccleuch succeeds Lord Wharnecliffe as Lord President. Lord Haddington succeeds Buccleuch as Lord Privy Seal. Ellenborough succeeds Haddington as First Lord of the Admiralty. Lincoln becomes Chief Secretary for Ireland. His successor as First Commissioner of Woods and Forests is not in the Cabinet.

List of Ministers[edit]

Members of the Cabinet are indicated by bold face.

Office Name Date Notes
Prime Minister,
First Lord of the Treasury
and Leader of the House of Commons
Sir Robert Peel, Bt 30 August 1841 – 29 June 1846 resigned 6 December 1845 and resumed 20 December 1845
Chancellor of the Exchequer Henry Goulburn 4 September 1841  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury Sir Thomas Fremantle, Bt 8 September 1841  
John Young 21 May 1844
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Sir George Clerk, Bt 8 September 1841  
Edward Cardwell 4 February 1845
Junior Lords of the Treasury James Milnes Gaskell 6 September 1841 – 11 March 1846  
Henry Bingham Baring 6 September 1841 – 27 June 1846
Alexander Perceval 6 September 1841 – 16 September 1841
Alexander Pringle 6 September 1841 – 26 April 1845
John Young 16 September 1841 – 21 May 1844
Lord Arthur Lennox 21 May 1844 – 8 August 1845
William Forbes Mackenzie 26 April 1845 – 11 March 1846
William Cripps 8 August 1845 – 27 June 1846
Hon. Swynfen Carnegie 11 March 1846 – 27 June 1846
Ralph Neville 11 March 1846 – 27 June 1846
Lord Chancellor The Lord Lyndhurst 3 September 1841  
Lord President of the Council The Lord Wharncliffe 3 September 1841  
The Duke of Buccleuch 21 January 1846
Lord Privy Seal The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 3 September 1841  
The Duke of Buccleuch 2 February 1842
The Earl of Haddington 21 January 1846
Secretary of State for the Home Department Sir James Graham, Bt 3 September 1841  
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department John Manners-Sutton 3 September 1841  
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs The Earl of Aberdeen 3 September 1841  
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs The Viscount Canning 4 September 1841  
George Smythe 27 January 1846
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies Lord Stanley 3 September 1841  
William Ewart Gladstone 23 December 1845
Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies George William Hope 8 September 1841  
The Lord Lyttelton 8 January 1846
First Lord of the Admiralty The Earl of Haddington 6 September 1841  
The Earl of Ellenborough 8 January 1846
First Secretary of the Admiralty Sidney Herbert 10 September 1841  
Henry Lowry-Corry 4 February 1845
Civil Lord of the Admiralty Henry Lowry-Corry 6 September 1841  
Henry Fitzroy 10 February 1845
President of the Board of Control The Lord Ellenborough 4 September 1841 created Earl of Ellenborough 22 October 1844
The Lord Fitzgerald 23 October 1841  
The Earl of Ripon 17 May 1843
Joint Secretaries of the Board of Control James Emerson Tennent 8 September 1841 – 5 August 1845  
Bingham Baring 8 September 1841 – 17 February 1845
Viscount Jocelyn 17 February 1845 – 27 June 1846
Viscount Mahon 5 August 1845 – 27 June 1846
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Lord Granville Somerset 3 September 1841 entered the Cabinet May 1844
Paymaster-General Sir Edward Knatchbull, Bt 8 September 1841  
Bingham Baring 1 March 1845
Minister without Portfolio
and Leader of the House of Lords
The Duke of Wellington 3 September 1841  
President of the Board of Trade The Earl of Ripon 3 September 1841  
William Ewart Gladstone 15 May 1843
The Earl of Dalhousie 5 February 1845
Vice-President of the Board of Trade William Ewart Gladstone 3 September 1841  
The Earl of Dalhousie 10 June 1843
Sir George Clerk, Bt 5 February 1845
Secretary at War Sir Henry Hardinge 4 September 1841  
Sir Thomas Fremantle, Bt 17 May 1844
Sidney Herbert 4 February 1845 entered the Cabinet May 1845
First Commissioner of Woods and Forests Earl of Lincoln 16 September 1841 entered the Cabinet February 1845
The Viscount Canning 2 March 1846  
Chief Secretary for Ireland Lord Eliot 6 February 1841  
Sir Thomas Fremantle, Bt 1 February 1845
Earl of Lincoln 14 February 1846
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Earl de Grey 11 September 1841  
The Lord Heytesbury 17 July 1844
Master of the Mint William Ewart Gladstone 9 September 1841  
Sir George Clerk, Bt 12 February 1845
Master-General of the Ordnance Sir George Murray 9 September 1841  
Surveyor-General of the Ordnance Jonathan Peel 9 September 1841  
Clerk of the Ordnance Henry George Boldero 9 September 1841  
Lord Arthur Lennox 7 August 1845
Storekeeper of the Ordnance Francis Robert Bonham 9 September 1841  
Sir Thomas Hastings 25 July 1845
Postmaster-General Viscount Lowther 9 September 1841 succeeded as 2nd Earl of Lonsdale 19 March 1844
The Earl of St Germans 30 December 1845  
Attorney General Sir Frederick Pollock, Bt 6 September 1841  
Sir William Webb Follett 15 April 1844
Sir Frederic Thesiger 29 June 1845
Solicitor General Sir William Webb Follett 6 September 1841  
Sir Frederic Thesiger 29 June 1844
Sir Fitzroy Kelly 17 July 1845
Judge Advocate General John Iltyd Nicholl 8 September 1841  
James Stuart-Wortley 24 January 1846
Lord Advocate Sir William Rae, Bt 4 September 1841  
Duncan McNeill 26 October 1842
Solicitor General for Scotland Duncan McNeill 9 September 1841  
Adam Anderson 8 November 1842
Attorney General for Ireland Francis Blackburne 23 September 1841  
Thomas Cusack-Smith 10 November 1842
Richard Wilson Greene 2 February 1846
Solicitor General for Ireland Edward Pennefather 23 September 1841  
Joseph Devonsher Jackson 10 November 1841
Thomas Cusack-Smith 21 September 1842
Richard Wilson Greene 1 November 1842
Abraham Brewster 2 February 1846
Lord Steward of the Household The Earl of Liverpool 3 September 1841  
Lord Chamberlain of the Household The Earl De La Warr 8 September 1841  
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Lord Ernest Bruce 7 September 1841  
Master of the Horse The Earl of Jersey 4 September 1841  
Treasurer of the Household Earl Jermyn 9 September 1841  
Comptroller of the Household George Dawson-Damer 9 September 1841  
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms The Lord Forester 8 September 1841  
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard The Marquess of Lothian 8 September 1841  
The Earl of Beverley 15 January 1842
Master of the Buckhounds The Earl of Rosslyn 10 September 1841  
Chief Equerry and Clerk Marshal Lord Charles Wellesley 10 September 1841  
Mistress of the Robes Duchess of Buccleuch 10 September 1841  
Lords in Waiting Marquess of Ormonde 10 September 1841 – 27 June 1846  
The Earl of Warwick 10 September 1841 – 27 June 1846
The Earl of Morton 10 September 1841 – 27 June 1846
The Earl of Hardwicke 10 September 1841 – 31 January 1846
The Lord Rivers 10 September 1841 – 27 June 1846
The Viscount Hawarden 15 September 1841 – 27 June 1846
The Lord Glenlyon 31 January 1846 – 27 June 1846

References[edit]

  • C. Cook and B. Keith, British Historical Facts 1830–1900’’
Preceded by
Second Melbourne Ministry
Government of the United Kingdom
1841–1846
Succeeded by
First Russell Ministry