Second Rockingham Ministry

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This is a list of the principal holders of government office during the second premiership of Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, from March to July 1782.

The government of Lord North resigned on 22 March 1782 after losing a motion of no confidence following the British defeat at the Siege of Yorktown during the American War of Independence. The Whig Lord Rockingham, previously Prime Minister 1765-1766, formed a government. The Rockingham Whigs had generally been sympathetic to the cause of the Colonists and under Rockingham the British government began the negotiations leading to the Peace of Paris that concluded the war.

The death of Rockingham on 1 July 1782 caused a split in the ministry. The Home Secretary Lord Shelburne was appointed to succeed him but several members of the government refused to serve under him and resigned. These Portland Whigs (named after their nominal leader the Duke of Portland) allied in opposition with Lord North and brought down Shelburne's government in March 1783, coming to power as the Fox-North Coalition.


Members of the Cabinet are in bold face.

Office Name Date Notes
First Lord of the Treasury The Marquess of Rockingham 27 March 1782 died 1 July 1782
Chancellor of the Exchequer Lord John Cavendish 1 April 1782 [1]
Lord President of the Council The Lord Camden 27 March 1782 [2]
Lord Chancellor The Lord Thurlow continued in office [2]
Secretary of State for the Home Department The Earl of Shelburne 27 March 1782 [2]
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Charles James Fox 27 March 1782 [1]
First Lord of Trade The Lord Grantham continued in office [3]
First Lord of the Admiralty The Viscount Keppel 30 March 1782 [4]
Lord Privy Seal The Duke of Grafton 27 March 1782 [2]
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Lord Ashburton 17 April 1782 [3]
Master-General of the Ordnance The Duke of Richmond 30 March 1782 [2]
Treasurer of the Navy Isaac Barré 10 April 1782 [2]
Secretary at War Thomas Townshend 27 March 1782 [2]
Paymaster of the Forces Edmund Burke 27 March 1782 [1]
Commander-in-Chief of the Forces Henry Seymour Conway March 1782 [2]
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Duke of Portland 8 April 1782 [1]
  1. ^ a b c d resigned in July 1782 and later served in the Fox-North Coalition
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h went on to serve in the Shelburne Ministry until March 1783
  3. ^ a b went on to serve in the Shelburne Ministry then also in the Fox-North Coalition
  4. ^ initially served in the Shelburne Ministry, but resigned January 1783 and later served in the Fox-North Coalition

Sources[edit]

  • Chris Cook and John Stevenson, British Historical Facts 1760-1830, Macmillan, 1980
Preceded by
North Ministry
British Government
March–July 1782
Succeeded by
Shelburne Ministry