Emirate of Nejd

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Second Saudi State)
Jump to: navigation, search
Emirate of Nejd
إمارة نجد

1818–1891
 


Flag

Capital Riyadh
Languages Gulf Arabic, Western Persian, Ottoman Turkish
Religion Sunni Islam
Government Monarchy
History
 -  Reconquest of Riyadh 1818
 -  Battle of Mulayda with the Al Rashid 1891
Today part of  Saudi Arabia
 Qatar[1]
 United Arab Emirates[2]
 Oman[3]
 Bahrain[4]
Part of a series on the
History of Saudi Arabia
Coat of Arms of Saudi Arabia
Ancient Arabia
Early Islamic State
Rashidun Caliphate
Umayyad and Abbasid periods
Sharifate of Mecca
Ottoman rule
Emirate of Diriyah
Emirate of Nejd
Emirate of Nejd and Hasa
Sultanate of Nejd
Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz
Unification
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Portal icon Saudi Arabia portal

The Emirate of Nejd was the second Saudi state that existed during the early to late 19th century.[5] Saudi rule was restored to central and eastern Arabia after having previously been brought down by an Ottoman-Egyptian invasion in 1818. Compared to the First Saudi State, the second Saudi period was marked by less territorial expansion and less religious zeal, although the Saudi leaders continued to go by the title of Imam and still employed Wahhabist religious scholars.

It was also marked by severe internal conflicts within the Saudi family, eventually leading to the dynasty's downfall. Turki ibn Abdallah's reconquest of Riyadh from Egyptian forces in 1824 is generally regarded as the beginning of the Second Saudi State, while the end was marked by the Battle of Mulayda in 1891, between the forces loyal to the last Saudi imam, Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki, and the Al Rashid dynasty of Ha'il.

The rulers of the second state:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alexei Vassiliev, The History of Saudi Arabia, London, UK: Al Saqi Books, 1998, p. 185
  2. ^ Vassiliev, p. 165, 186
  3. ^ Vassiliev, p. 165, 186
  4. ^ Vassiliev, p. 177
  5. ^ Front Cover George Walter Prothero, Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section. Peace Handbooks: Turkey in Asia (II), no. 61-66. H. M. Stationery Office, 1920. Pp. 20