Second Siege of Diu
|Second Siege of Diu|
|Part of Ottoman–Portuguese conflicts (1538–1557)|
A battle between the Portuguese Armada and Turkish soldiers on horseback in Goa, western India
|Portuguese Empire||Gujarat Sultanate|
|Commanders and leaders|
|João de Mascarenhas
João de Castro
|Khadjar Safar †|
18 May 440 men
19 July reinforcements consisting of 20 Fustas and 6 caturs with men arrivedOn 7 November governor Castro arrived with 35 Fustas,caturs, 3 galeons, naus and gales, with 3,000 Portuguese and 300 Indian men
|Casualties and losses|
|more than 200||
3,000 killed600 prisoners
At the beginning of the 1500s, the Muslim Sultanate of Gujarat was the principal seapower in India. Gujarat fought the Portuguese fleets in collaboration with the Mamluks. The Portuguese were defeated by a combined Mamluk-Gujarati fleet in 1508, which was in turn destroyed by a Portuguese fleet in the Battle of Diu (1509). By 1536, the Portuguese had gained complete control of Diu, while Gujarat was under attack from the Mughals.
After the failed siege of 1538, the Gujarati General Khadjar Safar besieged Diu again in an attempt to recapture the island. The siege lasted seven months from 20 April 1546 to 10 November 1546, during which João de Mascarenhas defended Diu.
Khadjar Safar and his son Muharram Rumi Khan (who were probably of Albanian origin) were both killed during the siege.
- History of the Portuguese navigation in India, 1497-1600, K. M. Mathew, page 218, 1988
- History of the Portuguese navigation in India, 1497-1600, K. M. Mathew, page 219, 1988
- The Cambridge history of the British Empire, John Holland Rose, Ernest Alfred Benians, Arthur Percival Newton, page 16, 1960
- History of the Portuguese navigation in India, 1497-1600, K. M. Mathew, page 218/219, 1988
- The Cambridge history of the British Empire, John Holland Rose, Ernest Alfred Benians, Arthur Percival Newton, page 17, 1960
- Tony Jaques, ed. (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A Guide to 8,500 Battles from Antiquity Through the Twenty-first Century. 1 (A-E). Greenwood. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-313-33537-2.
- Kenneth Warren Chase (2003). Firearms: a global history to 1700 (illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-521-82274-9.