Second Sydney Airport

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The Second Sydney Airport is an ongoing proposition for another airport to supplement or replace the existing Kingsford Smith Airport in Sydney, Australia. Estimated to cost between $6 and $8 billion, governments, grappling with the issue since the 1940s, are yet to pursue the issue to anything beyond some preliminary investigations and some precautionary land acquisition.[1][2][3]

Since the construction of Kingsford Smith, aviation in Sydney has grown significantly. Between 1985-86 and 2011-12 total passenger movements through Sydney more than tripled from 9.5 million to 36.0 million.[4] Almost half of all scheduled flights in Australia land or take off at Kingsford Smith, and the airport dealt with 45% of international passengers in 1998.[5]

The Gillard Government released a technical study into the feasibility of Wilton as an airport site in May 2013.[6] As the end of its term in 2013, the Australian Labor Party supported the concept of a second airport, but had not chosen a site for the infrastructure.[7] The federal Opposition is split on the issue, with prominent Sydney-based ministers, including Joe Hockey and Scott Morrison, supporting the Badgerys Creek site while the Opposition Leader Tony Abbott has not committed to constructing an airport at all.[8] NSW Premier Barry O'Farrell strongly opposes an airport being built in Sydney, favouring increasing capacity at Kingsford Smith and building a high-speed rail connection between Sydney and Canberra Airport.[9] According to the Joint Study on Aviation Capacity for the Sydney Region released in 2012, Canberra Airport is not located close enough to the Sydney market to take the role of Sydney’s second regular public transport airport.[10]

On 15 April 2014, the Federal Government confirmed the Second Sydney Airport site will be at Badgerys Creek, referring to it as the Western Sydney Airport.[11]

History[edit]

In 1962 the state parliament debated the need for a second airport. It was decided that it should be built because Kingsford Smith had little room to expand. However the need was not urgent and it was decided to defer the planning and construction for at least 10 years. A new government body, the State Planning Authority (SPA) was created to oversee the future development of the region. The SPA had the primary task of planning the development of the new airport and the development of housing sites in the Western Sydney area to suit the growth of Sydney as the major city in Australia.

The SPA created a "no development zone" around the Badgerys Creek area in 1964 that would last for 20 years. This would give the government time to plan the airport and the infrastructure for it. This included roads and rail, and flight paths. Sydney was growing fast without the SPA the area would have been subdivided and redeveloped and the airport would have cost far more to build.

There was a strong reaction from farmers who owned land in Badgerys Creek. Some wanted to subdivide and take a profit; some wanted to stay and farm the land. Every change of government saw a change to the airport planning and further delays while the politicians tried to buy the now valuable land at a low price and dislodge those who could remember back to 1962 and could see a huge profit from holding out.

Around Badgerys Creek 20-litre paint tin lids with crude messages for the SPA were nailed to trees and power poles. These messages stayed until they rusted away and fell off, some lasting 20 years. It is interesting to note that planning for a second airport in Melbourne and Sydney started at the same time, but Melbourne opened its airport in 1970.

At the time of the original planning, the Badgerys Creek flight paths were over farm land to the south and over the sparsely-populated suburb of Doonside to the north. Aircraft noise would not have been a problem and land would have been marked as Aircraft noise affected, had the plans been revealed.

1970s - 1986: MANS Study[edit]

Planning for a second airport for Sydney commenced in the 1970s with the Major Airport Needs of Sydney (MANS) intergovernmental group established to select a site. In 1983 the newly elected Labor Federal Government hoped for quick decision, but it was not until 1986 that recommendations were made: Wilton or Badgerys Creek.[12] The federal government under Bob Hawke decided upon Badgerys Creek, but in 1989 it also made the decision to permit the construction of the third runway at Kingsford Smith. This resulted in a great deal of political fallout, and the Keating Government made limited moves towards the new airport at Badgerys Creek.

1999: Badgerys Creek[edit]

At the 1996 election, then Australian Prime Minister John Howard announced that he would explore the option of a second airport at Holsworthy, but that option was rejected in 1998 and Badgerys Creek was confirmed as the preferred site in 1999.[12] Commentators doubted if a major second airport for Sydney would ever be built, with a report given to the government in 1999 recommending that regional air travel be shifted to Bankstown Airport, a new general aviation airport be built at Badgerys Creek, a fast train between Sydney and Canberra be established, and investigation made on extension of the fast train to Melbourne and Brisbane.

2000: Stalled[edit]

In December 2000 the Federal Government decided not to build the second airport and also shelved the very fast train scoping study, while keeping regional airlines at Kingsford Smith and expanding Bankstown and Canberra airports.[13] In December 2003 John Anderson, the then transport minister, said "following exhaustive examination it is clear the existing airport at Mascot will be able to handle air traffic demands for a long time to come".[14]

2004–08: More studies[edit]

In May 2004 it was revealed that State and Federal parliaments had investigated the possibility of establishing the second Sydney airport at Well's Creek, not far from the townships of Sutton Forest, Berrima and Exeter. Before long however this option was discounted.[14]

The issue arose again in 2008, following the 2007 election of the Rudd Government. Convinced that capacity at the current airport would be exhausted, it began a search for a new site. The Federal Government wanted the second airport to be outside the Sydney basin and said it would examine alternatives from the Southern Highlands, to Newcastle and inland. Various options, including a freight-only airport operation, Camden, or converting part or all of RAAF Richmond and Canberra (or its nearby towns) as passenger and freight terminals were to be investigated for feasibility. Bankstown and Badgerys Creek, according to sources, were not to be included.[14]

2009: Canberra Airport proposal[edit]

In 2009, Canberra Airport management proposed that its facility would be the most appropriate location for a second Sydney airport, provided that a high speed rail link (HSR) was built that reduced travel times between the cities to 50 minutes. Given existing development within the Sydney basin, a HSR link would probably be required whatever site is chosen, yet the Canberra option would potentially be cheaper overall. Existing infrastructure, such as the runways, terminals and navigational aids, would negate the need to develop a greenfields airport site.[15] The estimated cost (in 2009) of the Sydney-to-Canberra link was A$8 billion to $10 billion.[16]

2009–12: Joint Federal/NSW Government study[edit]

On Friday 2 March 2012 the Federal Transport Minister Anthony Albanese released a 3200 page joint report costing $8m into Sydney's aviation capacity needs. Commissioned by the minister in 2009, the report was prepared by both state and federal bureaucrats, and private sector representatives.[17] It examined 34 potential airport sites.[18]

The studies major finding was that Badgerys Creek was "clearly the best site for a much-needed second airport for Sydney", describing the area as "the logical and most cost-effective site for another airport"[17] The report also "calls for planning to begin on a second airport at Badgerys Creek"[19] Badgerys' has been recommended by planners as an airport site since 1979, where 1700ha of land was acquired from 1986-1991[18] for an international airport, but in recent years has been rejected by both Labor and coalition politicians.[19]

The full report: http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/aviation/sydney_av_cap/index.aspx

Full capacity by 2027[edit]

Sydney Airport is struggling to accommodate the demand for flights into and out of the city and, by 2027, the airport will not be able to accommodate any extra flights.[17] The Sydney region passenger demand is forecast to more than double to 87 million passengers by 2035, and to double again by 2060.[20]

The study showed another airport was needed by 2030 if Sydney was to keep growing at current rates.[17][19] The study said this would delay flights across the country.[18]

Economic costs of inaction[edit]

  • A$60 billion costs to the economy by 2060 due to capacity constraints.[18]

Mascot upgrades[edit]

The study "advocates keeping the existing 11pm to 6am curfew for flights to Sydney's Mascot airport."[19] But it did recommend lifting the movement cap at Sydney Airport from 80 to 85 flights an hour.[17] Albanese ruled out raising the movement cap.[17]

When releasing the document Albanese reiterated that the government would not build an airport at Badgerys Creek.[17] Albanese instead said the government would begin planning studies for the second-best airport site, Wilton, further to the south-west. The report said Wilton would probably not attract enough business to be viable before 2030."[17] The NSW Premier, Barry O'Farrell, opposes a second airport in the Sydney basin, and has revived that idea of using Canberra Airport, linked to Sydney by high speed rail. NSW Minister for Transport, Gladys Berejiklian has supported this, but the report says that this option is not feasible.[17]

New airport construction costs[edit]

Single-runway airport:

  • AUD1.7 billion for airport at Badgerys Creek or Wilton. A$300m for transport links to Badgerys Creek and A$2.3b for Wilton.[18]

Parallel-runway International airport:

  • AUD5.3 billion for the airport. AUD1.7 billion for transport links to Badgerys Creek and A$5.7b for Wilton.[18]
    • International Terminal $1,812 million[21]
    • Domestic Terminal $583 million[21]
    • Runways and Taxiways $551 million[21]
    • Car parking $202 million[21]
    • Project management and design $707 million[21]

2013: Increasing support for Badgerys Creek[edit]

In 2013 Bob Meyer, planner at Cox Richardson Architects, presented a report that said only 2913 homes would be moderately impacted by aircraft noise if Badgerys Creek International Airport goes ahead.[22] Most of the land surrounding the 17,000 hectare airport site is slated for industrial development, not residential, as part of the Western Sydney Employment Area.[22]

In February 2013 an alliance of Western Sydney councils (WSROC) reversed their position against an airport at Badgerys Creek, with a majority of members now supporting the site, citing economic value to the area.[23] The Gillard Government further made clear it supported a second airport located in Sydney, but was awaiting a report due in March regarding the feasibility of their preferred Wilton location. While in Opposition, the Abbott-led Coalition did not commit to a position on that matter, but prominent shadow ministers, including Joe Hockey, voiced their support for an airport at Badgerys Creek.[24] The NSW Government has remained firm in its opposition to any Sydney location, favouring spending infrastructure dollars on a high speed rail link to Canberra.[25] The Sydney Airport Corporation continues to claim Kingsford-Smith has sufficient capacity.[23]

In October 2013 The Daily Telegraph reported that Treasurer Joe Hockey had nominated a second Sydney airport at Badgerys Creek as one of the key infrastructure projects needed to stimulate the slowing Australian economy.[26] The newspaper had earlier that month quoted Infrastructure Minister Warren Truss saying that "Badgerys Creek was chosen as the best site decades ago and is government-owned."[27] In response to this news, The Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph both reported that Qantas supported the proposal for establishing a curfew-free airport at Badgerys Creek,[28][29] with Qantas, Jetstar and Qatar Airways saying they would use a Badgerys Creek airport for commercial flights.[29]

In March 2014, the Sydney Morning Herald published a poll showing a 72% of NSW voters wanted an airport at Badgerys Creek.[30]

On the 15 April 2014, the Federal Government announced that Badgerys Creek will be the site of the Second Sydney Airport.[11] (See Western Sydney Airport).

Second Sydney airport — timeline of Commonwealth Government preferred sites[edit]

  • On 28 August 1973 the Minister for Transport Charlie Jones announced that Galston had been chosen by the Australian Government to meet Sydney's airport needs for the 1980s.[31]
  • On 17 February 1986 the Minister for Aviation Peter Morris announced that a second Sydney airport would be built at Badgerys Creek.[31] The Government spent $170 million acquiring land and developing the Badgerys Creek site over the following decade.[31]
  • In 1997 the Howard Government rejected an airport site at Holsworthy army camp, having spent $8 million investigating the location.[31]
  • On 14 May 2002 the Minister for Transport and Regional Services John Anderson told the Parliament that Government had concluded that Kingsford Smith Airport would be able to handle air traffic demand over the next decade, and that Bankstown Airport would be made available for any overflow traffic.[32]
  • On 27 July 2003 Simon Crean announced that Badgerys Creek was no longer a suitable site for Sydney's second airport and that a Labor Government would not build an airport at the site.[33]
  • In 2012–13, at the end of their term in government, the Australian Labor Party's preferred site for a second airport was Wilton.[34]
  • In 2014 The Abbott government firmed on the decision that Badgerys Creek will be the site of Sydney's second airport and costings to be in during their first term budgets.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ O'Brien, Kerry (17 August 1999). "Government delays decision on second Sydney airport". 7.30 Report. ABC Television. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Webb & Billing 2005.
  3. ^ James 2012.
  4. ^ Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (27 February 2013). "Airport Traffic Data 1985–86 to 2011–12". BITRE. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Laird, Philip (2001). "Where We Are Now". Back on Track (UNSW Press). p. 29. ISBN 0-86840-411-X. 
  6. ^ Albanese, Anthony (10 May 2013). "Release of Wilton technical study" (Press release). Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Saulwick, Jacob (12 August 2013). "Both parties have second Sydney airport in the pipeline, advocate says". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 
  8. ^ Clennell, Andrew (2 January 2013). "Liberals in Sydney airport dogfight". The Daily Telegraph. News Limited. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Budd, Henry (16 February 2013). "Wilton option won't fly for our second airport". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  10. ^ Joint Study on aviation capacity in the Sydney region 2012, p. 23.
  11. ^ a b Truss, Warren; Tony Abbott. "Western Sydney Airport to Deliver Jobs and Infrastructure" (Press release). Ministry for Infrastructure and Regional Development. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Laird, Philip (2001). "Where We Are Now". Back on Track (UNSW Press). p. 30. ISBN 0-86840-411-X. 
  13. ^ Davies, Anne (28 May 2004). "Found: a new airport option". Sydney Morning Herald. www.smh.com.au. Retrieved 2009-02-28. 
  14. ^ a b c Farr, Malcolm (5 May 2008). "Search on for second Sydney airport". The Daily Telegraph. www.news.com.au. Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  15. ^ Gibson, Jano (10 February 2009). "Sydney to Canberra in 50 minutes: fast tracking second airport". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  16. ^ Gibson, Jano (11 February 2009). "Fast train to Canberra for second airport". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i Saulwick, Jacob (2 March 2012). "Minister rejects Badgerys Creek for second airport". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f Saulwick, Jacob (3 March 2012). "Second airport proposal struggles to get off ground". SMH. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  19. ^ a b c d Michaela Whitbourn, Michaela (2 March 2012). "Sydney needs second airport: govt report". Financial Review. AAP. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  20. ^ "No airport cap or curfew change: Albanese". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). AAP. 2 March 2012. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c d e Joint Study on aviation capacity in the Sydney region 2012, p. 321.
  22. ^ a b Saulwick, Jacob (16 February 2013). "Badgerys: much gain, little pain". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. 
  23. ^ a b Clennell, Andrew (22 February 2013). "The west is backing a second airport for Sydney". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  24. ^ Benson, Simon (21 February 2013). "Sydney's gridlocked airport choking the whole nation". The Daily Telegraph. News Limited. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  25. ^ "High-Speed Rail needed between Sydney and Canberra: NSW Premier". Committee for Economic Development of Australia. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  26. ^ Benson, Simon (23 October 2013). "Badgerys Creek finally set to take off - Treasurer Joe Hockey set to fund second Sydney airport in his first federal budget". The Daily Telegraph (News Limited). Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  27. ^ Mills, Daniel (14 October 2013). "No perfect site but Badgerys Creek the best option". Liverpool Leader (News Limited). 
  28. ^ O'Sullivan, Matt (23 October 2013). "What have you been smoking? Sydney Airport chairman laughs off new airport". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  29. ^ a b Benson, Simon (28 October 2013). "Qantas and Jetstar confirm they would use a western Sydney airport at Badgerys Creek". The Daily Telegraph. 
  30. ^ Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/back-badgerys--or-lose-barry-ofarrell-told-20140301-33szn.html |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  31. ^ a b c d Ramsey, Alan (30 July 2003). "Airport drone a chronic case of terminal lethargy". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  32. ^ James, Matthew (10 July 2012). "Second Sydney Airport: a decade of deferral 2002–2012". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  33. ^ Crean, Simon (27 July 2003). "No airport at Badgerys Creek under Labor". Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  34. ^ Benson, Simon (26 August 2013). "Locals want a second airport at Badgerys Creek". The Daily Telegraph (News Limited). 

References[edit]