Secretary for Relations with States
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The Secretary for Relations with States is the foreign minister of the Holy See, an official serving within the Secretariat of State and presiding over its "Section for Relations with States." This ex officio archbishop deals with relations between the Holy See and other governments and international bodies and is assisted by a deputy called the Undersecretary for Relations with States.
History of the office
This Section began as the Congregation Super Negotiis Ecclesiasticis Regni Galliarum, set up by Pope Pius VI with the Constitution Sollicitudo Omnium Ecclesiarum of 28 May 1793, in order to deal with the problems which the French Revolution posed for the Church. In 1814, Pope Pius VII gave this office responsibility for the entire world and named it Congregatio Extraordinaria Praeposita Negotiis Ecclesiasticis Orbis Catholici. Some years later, Pope Leo XII changed its name to Congregatio Pro Negotiis Ecclesiasticis Extraordinariis, which remained its title until 1967 when Pope Paul VI separated this body from the Secretariat of State, calling it the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church. On 28 June 1988, Pope John Paul II promulgated the Apostolic Constitution Pastor Bonus, which created the present incarnation of the Secretariat of State. It was divided into the Section for General Affairs and the Section for Relations with States, which was the direct successor of the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church.
On the basis of Articles 45–47 of Pastor Bonus, the Section for Relations with States, sometimes known as the second section of the Secretariat, has the specific duty of attending to matters which involve civil governments. It has responsibility for the Holy See’s diplomatic relations with sovereign states including such matters as the establishment of Concordats or similar agreements; the Holy See’s presence in international organizations and conferences; the provision and modification, in special circumstances, of appointments to particular churches; and, in close collaboration with the Congregation for Bishops, the appointment of Bishops in countries which have entered into treaties or agreements with the Holy See.
This section is headed by an Archbishop, the Secretary for Relations with States, who is aided by a Prelate, the Undersecretary for Relations with States and various Cardinals and Bishops.
List of Secretaries for Relations with States
|1 March 1986 – 1 December 1990||Angelo Sodano||appointed Pro-Secretary of State to His Holiness|
|1 December 1990 – 6 October 2003||Jean-Louis Tauran||appointed Archivist of the Holy Roman Church|
|7 October 2003 – 15 September 2006||Giovanni Lajolo||appointed President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State|
|15 September 2006 – present||Dominique Mamberti|
List of Undersecretaries for Relations with States
|1989 – 1 December 1990||Jean-Louis Tauran||appointed Secretary of Relations with States|
|1992 – 16 December 1995||Claudio Maria Celli||appointed Secretary the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See|
|16 December 1995 – 30 October 2002||Celestino Migliore||appointed Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations|
|30 October 2002 – 17 August 2009||Pietro Parolin||appointed nuncio to Venezuela|
|17 August 2009 – 22 February 2013||Ettore Balestrero||appointed nuncio to Colombia|
|22 February 2013 – present||Antoine Camilleri|
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