Secretary of National Defense (Philippines)

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Secretary of National Defense
Kalihim ng Tanggulang Pambansa
Philippine Defense Department logo.png
Seal of the
Department of National Defense
Incumbent
Voltaire Gazmin

since June 30, 2010
Appointer The President
Term length No fixed term
Precursor Director of War
Secretary of War and Public Works
Minister of War
Inaugural holder Teofilo Sison
Formation November 1, 1939
Website http://www.dnd.gov.ph

The Secretary of National Defense (Filipino: Kalihim ng Tanggulang Pambansa) is the head of the Department of National Defense and is a member of the President’s Cabinet.

The current Secretary is Voltaire Gazmin, who assumed office on June 30, 2010.

List of Secretaries of National Defense[edit]

Prior to the department’s formation in 1935, President Emilio Aguinaldo established a similar department, the Department of War and Public Works. Three individuals served as heads of the department. They are as follows:

Name Term Began Term Ended
Director of War
Emiliano Riego de Dios March 22, 1897 December 15, 1897
Secretary of War and Public Works
Baldomero Aguinaldo July 15, 1898 January 2, 1899
Minister of War
Baldomero Aguinaldo January 2, 1899 May 6, 1899
Mariano Trías May 7, 1899 November 13, 1899


# Name Term Began Term Ended President
Secretaries of National Defense
1 Teofilo L. Sison November 1, 1939 July 15, 1941 Manuel L. Quezon
2 Jorge B. Vargas December 11, 1941 December 22, 1941
Secretary of National Defense, Public Works, Communications and Labor
3 Basilio J. Valdes December 23, 1941 1944 Manuel L. Quezon
Secretaries of National Defense and Communications
Basilio J. Valdes 1944 February 6, 1945 Manuel L. Quezon
Sergio Osmeña
4 Tomas L. Cabili February 27, 1945 July 11, 1945
Secretary of National Defense and the Interior
5 Alfredo M. Montelibano,Sr. July 12, 1945 May 27, 1946 Sergio Osmeña
Secretaries of National Defense
6 Ruperto K. Kangleon May 28, 1946 August 31, 1950 Manuel Roxas
Elpidio Quirino
7 Ramon Magsaysay September 1, 1950 February 28, 1953
8 Oscar T. Castelo March 1, 1953 December 19, 1953
9 Ramon Magsaysay January 1, 1954 May 14, 1954 Ramon Magsaysay
10 Sotero B. Cabahug May 14, 1954 January 2, 1956
11 Eulogio B. Balao January 3, 1956 March 17, 1957
March 18, 1957 August 28, 1957 Carlos P. Garcia
12 Jesus M. Vargas August 28, 1957 May 18, 1959
13 Alejo S. Santos June 11, 1959 December 3, 1961
14 Macario Peralta, Jr. January 1, 1962 December 30, 1965 Diosdado Macapagal
* Ferdinand E. Marcos[A][B] December 31, 1965 January 20, 1967 Ferdinand E. Marcos
15 Ernesto S. Mata January 21, 1967 February 3, 1970
16 Juan Ponce Enrile February 9, 1970 August 27, 1971
* Ferdinand E. Marcos[A][B] August 28, 1971 January 3, 1972
Juan Ponce Enrile January 4, 1972 June 1978
Minister of National Defense
Juan Ponce Enrile June 1978 February 25, 1986 Ferdinand E. Marcos
February 25, 1986 November 23, 1986 Corazon Aquino
Secretaries of National Defense
17 Rafael M. Ileto November 23, 1986 January 21, 1988 Corazon Aquino
18 Fidel V. Ramos January 22, 1988 July 18, 1991
19 Renato S. De Villa July 20, 1991 June 30, 1992
June 30, 1992 September 15, 1997 Fidel V. Ramos
20 Fortunato U. Abat September 16, 1997 June 30, 1998
21 Orlando S. Mercado June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Joseph Ejercito Estrada
January 20, 2001 January 25, 2001 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
* Eduardo R. Ermita[B] January 25, 2001 March 19, 2001
22 Angelo T. Reyes March 19, 2001 August 29, 2003
* Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo[A][B] September 1, 2003 October 2, 2003
23 Eduardo R. Ermita October 3, 2003 August 24, 2004
24 Avelino J. Cruz, Jr. August 25, 2004 November 5, 2006
* Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo[A][B] November 30, 2006 February 1, 2007
26 Hermogenes E. Ebdane, Jr. February 1, 2007 July 2, 2007
* Norberto B. Gonzales[B] July 2, 2007 August 7, 2007
27 Gilberto C. Teodoro, Jr. August 7, 2007 November 15, 2009
* Norberto B. Gonzales[B] November 15, 2009 June 30, 2010
28 Voltaire T. Gazmin June 30, 2010 Incumbent Benigno S. Aquino III

Notes:

  • A In concurrent capacity as President
  • B Served in an acting capacity

External links[edit]