Secrets of the I Ching is the first full length album by 10,000 Maniacs (following their 1982 EP release), released in 1983 by Christian Burial Music, the band's own label. This is also the first of their recordings with the new and permanent drummer Jerome Augustyniak. Rerecorded versions of the songs "Tension" (as "Tension Makes a Tangle"), "Grey Victory", "Daktari" and "My Mother the War" appeared on their 1985 album The Wishing Chair.
Robert Christgau, recalled Merchant, "said – and I'll inform you that I was only 17 years old, so it made a big impression on me – that I'd written the most pretentious lyrics since lysergic acid had been in flower. I was upset then but now I laugh about it because I've put Robert Christgau in perspective."