Securities and Futures Commission
|Securities and Futures Commission|
Emblem of the Hong Kong SAR
|Agency executives||Carlson Tong, Chairman
Ashley Alder, Chief Executive
The Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) of Hong Kong is the independent statutory body charged with regulating the securities and futures markets in Hong Kong. The SFC is responsible for fostering an orderly securities and futures markets, to protect investors and to help promote Hong Kong as an international financial centre and a key financial market in China. Even though it is considered to be a branch of the government, it is run independently under the authorisation of the laws relating to Securities and Futures.
The Securities and Futures Commission was created in 1989 in response to the stock market crash of October 1987.
In 1997 following the Asian financial crisis the regulatory framework was further improved.
A comprehensive Securities and Futures Ordinance (SFO) was implemented in 2003, which expanded the SFC's regulatory functions and powers.
Andrew Sheng served as Chairman of the SFC from 1998 until 2005, when he was succeeded by Martin Wheatley. Wheatley first served as Chairman, and became CEO in 2006 when the posts of chairman and CEO were segregated to further promote corporate governance. Eddy Fong was appointed non-executive Chairman in 2006. Ashley Alder assumed the position of CEO in 2011 and Carlson Tong was appointed non-executive Chairman in 2012 ==
The SFC is one of four regulatory organisations that make up financial regulators in Hong Kong, one of the major financial centres in the world. The others are the Hong Kong Monetary Authority, Office of the Commissioner of Insurance and the Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes Authority. The SFC is responsible for securities and futures markets including the Hong Kong Stock Exchange the seventh largest Stock Exchange in the world (See List of stock exchanges).
The SFC has a responsibility to maintain order and protect investors, it does this by carrying out the following tasks:
- Setting and enforcing market regulations
- Licensing and supervising market participants such as brokers, investment advisers and fund managers
- Supervising market operators including exchanges, automated trading services and clearing houses
- Authorising offering documents of investment products to be offered to the public
- Overseeing corporate activities of listed companies under the Codes on Takeovers and Mergers and Share Repurchases
- Educating investors on markets, investment products and their risks
The SFC is an independent statutory body whose powers derive from the Securities and Futures Ordinance (SFO) legislation.
The SFC is made up of a board whose members are appointed by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong for a fixed term, a majority of which must be independent Non-Executive Directors. The board is headed by the Chairman also appointed by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong.
An executive committee led by a chief executive officer (CEO) reports to the board and the board chairman and he runs the agency on a day to day basis.
- Securities Commission
- Financial Services and the Treasury Bureau
- Economy of Hong Kong
- Hong Kong Monetary Authority
- "Securities and Futures Commission". www.sfc.hk. Retrieved 2008-05-31.