Sediari

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Urban VIII supported by sediari
Pius VIII on the sedia gestatoria, carried by the sediari pontifici
Papal ushers performing one of the traditional roles of the sediari as they carry the coffin of John Paul II

The Sediari pontifici were chair-bearers of the pope on the sedia gestatoria. Originally servants of the papal household they later became a lay confraternity. The origins of the chair-bearers lie in medieval times, earlier even than the Swiss Guards.

Palafrenieri[edit]

Main article:

The earlier red-dressed papal grooms or palafrenieri were a different group of papal servants, originally liverymen for the papal carriage, then an influential Confraternity, then finally merged with the sediari.[1] The sediari and parafrenieri constituted a Confraternity from 1378. Pius IV allowed them in 1565 to erect the chiesa di Sant'Anna dei Palafrenieri, designed by Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola.

John Paul II[edit]

Main article: Papal Gentleman

Pope John Paul II disbanded the chair-bearers in 1978. However papal ushers (Italian Gentiluomo di sua santità) carried him on his death in 2005.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inside the Vatican 2001 "(The Palafrenieri were gentlemen of the papal household who carried out different personal services for the pontiff, including carrying the canopy over the papal sedan; they later merged with the Sediari, who carried the papal throne in public ..."
  2. ^ Hidden helpers: Vatican ushers bring tots, disabled closer to pope PAPAL USHERS Apr-24-2012 (920 words) With photo. xxxi