Sedoreovirinae

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Reoviruses
Virus classification
Group: Group III (dsRNA)
Order: Unassigned
Family: Reoviridae
Subfamily: Sedoreovirinae
Genera

Cardoreovirus
Mimoreovirus
Orbivirus
Phytoreovirus
Rotovirus
Seadornavirus

Sedoreovirinae (sedo = smooth) is a subfamily of the Reoviridae family of viruses.[1] Viruses in this subfamily are distinguished by the absence of a turreted protein on the inner capsid to produce a smooth surface.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

Like other members of the Reoviridae family, viruses of the Sedoreovirinae subfamily are made of naked, icosahedral capsids containing 10-12 segments of linear double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). The Baltimore System of viral classification categorizes Reoviridae in Group III.

Importance[edit]

Viruses classified in the Sedoreovirinae subfamily infect a wide range of plants and animals, including some that can infect humans. There is not only the potential of a few of these viruses to cause human disease, but also to reduce the supply of crops and livestock.

Viruses[edit]

Genus Cardoreovirus[edit]

Eriocheir sinensis reovirus was isolated out of a Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis). No currently known associated disease.[3]

Genus Mimoreovirus[edit]

Microsomonas pusilla reovirus was isolated from the marine protist Micromonas pusilla[4]

Genus Orbivirus[edit]

Arboviruses containing dsRNA are placed in this genus. Some Orbivirus infect livestock with high rates of morbidity and mortality.[5] Includes: Bluetongue virus, African horse sickness virus, Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, among others.

Genus Phytoreovirus[edit]

Known phytoreoviruses are plant pathogens causing dwarfism and the formation of tumors.[6] Included: Rice dwarf virus, Rice gall dwarf virus and Wound tumor virus.

Genus Rotovirus[edit]

Rotovirus A-E cause infantile gastroenteritis in humans and farm animals.[7]

Genus Seadornavirus[edit]

Many known Seadornaviruses cause encephalitis in humans. Included: Banna virus, Kadipiro virus and Liao ning virus.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://ictvonline.org/virusTaxonomy.asp[full citation needed]
  2. ^ http://books.google.com/books/about/Virus_Taxonomy.html?id=KXRCYay3pH4C | page 541.[full citation needed]
  3. ^ Zhang S, Shi Z, Zhang J, Bonami JR (December 2004). "Purification and characterization of a new reovirus from the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis". Journal of Fish Diseases 27 (12): 687–92. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2761.2004.00587.x. PMID 15575876. 
  4. ^ Attoui H, Jaafar FM, Belhouchet M, de Micco P, de Lamballerie X, Brussaard CP (May 2006). "Micromonas pusilla reovirus: a new member of the family Reoviridae assigned to a novel proposed genus (Mimoreovirus)". The Journal of General Virology 87 (Pt 5): 1375–83. doi:10.1099/vir.0.81584-0. PMID 16603541. 
  5. ^ Firth AE (2008). "Bioinformatic analysis suggests that the Orbivirus VP6 cistron encodes an overlapping gene". Virology Journal 5: 48. doi:10.1186/1743-422X-5-48. PMC 2373779. PMID 18489030. 
  6. ^ Wei T, Uehara-Ichiki T, Miyazaki N, Hibino H, Iwasaki K, Omura T (October 2009). "Association of Rice gall dwarf virus with microtubules is necessary for viral release from cultured insect vector cells". Journal of Virology 83 (20): 10830–5. doi:10.1128/JVI.01067-09. PMC 2753141. PMID 19640979. 
  7. ^ http://www.cdc.gov/rotavirus/index.html?s_cid=cs_281[full citation needed]
  8. ^ Lu Z, Liu H, Fu S, et al. (2011). "Liao ning virus in China". Virology Journal 8: 282. doi:10.1186/1743-422X-8-282. PMC 3121708. PMID 21649929.