Sedum album

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Sedum album
Sedum album 03 ies.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Crassulaceae
Genus: Sedum
Species: S. album
Binomial name
Sedum album
L.

Sedum album or white stonecrop, is a flowering plant of the genus Sedum in the family Crassulaceae. It is found in the northern temperate regions of the world, often growing in crevices or free-draining rocky soil. As a long-day plant it grows vegetatively for most of the year and flowers in June and July. [1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Three subspecies album, micranthum (Bastard ex DC.) Syme and teretifolium Syme have been described. [2][3][4]

Description[edit]

White stonecrop is a tufted perennial herb that forms mat-like stands. Much of the year the stems are short, semi prostrate and densely clad in leaves. At the flowering time in July and August, the stems lengthen and are erect, occasionally branched and often pinkish-brown. The leaves are alternate, fleshy and nearly cylindrical with a blunt, rounded tip. They are also sometimes tinged with pink, especially in drought-stressed plants. The starry flowers form a dense cyme. The calyx has five fleshy sepals fused at the base, the corolla consists of five regular white petals, there are ten stamens, a separate gynoecium and five pistils. The fruit is five united, many-seeded follicles.[5]

Habitat[edit]

White stonecrop is a low-growing plant that cannot compete with more vigorous fast-growing species. It is specially adapted for growing on thin dry soils and can be found on walls, dry banks, seashore rocks and in rocky meadows.[5]

Physiology[edit]

Sedum album is able to acclimate to its environment. It can switch between C3 carbon fixation and crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) depending on the availability of water. CAM saves water as the stomata on its leaves only open to allow CO
2
to diffuse into the leaves at night when the temperature (and therefore evapotranspiration) is lower.[6] Drought stressed plants are also more susceptible to photoinhibition which CAM may help to protect against.[1]

Cultivation[edit]

Hardy in Zones 3-9.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Castillo, F J (9 December 2004). "Antioxidative protection in the inducible CAM plant Sedum album L. following the imposition of severe water stress and recovery". Oecologia (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg) 107 (4): 469–477. doi:10.1007/BF00333937. Retrieved 30 June 2009. 
  2. ^ Natural History Museum: Sedum album subsp. album
  3. ^ Tela Botanica. Sedum album
  4. ^ a b Missouri Botanical Garden: Sedum album subsp. teretifolium 'Murale'
  5. ^ a b "White stonecrop: Sedum album". NatureGate. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Earnshaw, M. J.; Carver, K. A.; Lee, J. A. (1985). "Changes in leaf water potential and CAM in Sempervivum montanum and Sedum album in response to water availability in the field". Oecologia 67 (4): 486. doi:10.1007/BF00790018.  edit