See District, Fribourg

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See District
Seebezirk
District du Lac
District
Coat of arms of See District
Coat of arms
Location of See District
Country   Switzerland
Canton  Freiburg
Capital Murten
Area
 • Total 142.1 km2 (54.9 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2011)
 • Total 33,924
 • Density 240/km2 (620/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Municipalities 25
Website See

See District (German: Seebezirk, French: District du Lac) is one of the seven districts of the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. Lying to the north of the canton, the district is bilingual (French/German). Its territory enclaves the two Bernese municipalities of Münchenwiler and Clavaleyres, while its own village of Wallenbuch (now part of Gurmels) is exclaved within Bern. It has a population of 33,924 (as of 31 December 2011).

Municipalities[edit]

See consists of the following twenty-six municipalities:

Coat of Arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2011)[1]
Area in km²[2]
Barbereche-coat of arms.svg Barberêche 514 9.17
Bas-Vully-coat of arms.svg Bas-Vully 2,011 9.95
Courgevaux-coat of arms.svg Courgevaux 1,367 3.36
Courlevon-flag-ds1.gif Courlevon 305 3.26
Courtepin2-coat of arms.svg Courtepin 3,503 4.06
Cressier-FR-coat of arms.svg Cressier 836 4.17
Fräschels-coat of arms.svg Fräschels 456 3.14
Galmiz-coat of arms.svg Galmiz 630 9.06
Gempenach-coat of arms.svg Gempenach 291 1.69
Greng-coat of arms.svg Greng 157 0.97
Gurmels-coat of arms.svg Gurmels 3,927 17.29
Haut-Vully-coat of arms.svg Haut-Vully 1,368 7.58
Jeuss-coat of arms.svg Jeuss 424 1.78
Kerzers-coat of arms.svg Kerzers 4,764 12.23
Kleinbösingen-coat of arms.svg Kleinbösingen 595 3.01
Lurtigen-coat of arms.svg Lurtigen 182 2.32
Meyriez-coat of arms.svg Meyriez 597 0.34
Misery-Courtion-coat of arms.svg Misery-Courtion 1,635 11.41
Muntelier-coat of arms.svg Muntelier 951 1.13
Murten-coat of arms.svg Murten 6,450 13.6
Ried-coat of arms.svg Ried bei Kerzers 1,029 7.59
Salvenach-coat of arms.svg Salvenach 502 3.81
Ulmiz-coat of arms.svg Ulmiz 403 2.83
Villarepos-coat of arms.svg Villarepos 576 4.76
Wallenri.jpg Wallenried 451 3.86
Total 33,924 142.10

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the district coat of arms is Argent, a Lion rampant Gules crowned and armed Or on Coupeaux Vert.[3]

Demographics[edit]

See has a population (as of December 2011) of 33,924.[1] Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (39,166 or 87.6%) as their first language, Italian is the second most common (1,245 or 2.8%) and Serbo-Croatian is the third (862 or 1.9%). There are 238 people who speak French and 108 people who speak Romansh.[4]

As of 2008, the population was 49.9% male and 50.1% female. The population was made up of 13,164 Swiss men (40.6% of the population) and 3,028 (9.3%) non-Swiss men. There were 13,623 Swiss women (42.0%) and 2,613 (8.1%) non-Swiss women.[5] Of the population in the district, 12,800 or about 28.6% were born in See and lived there in 2000. There were 8,936 or 20.0% who were born in the same canton, while 13,299 or 29.8% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 8,415 or 18.8% were born outside of Switzerland.[4]

As of 2000, there were 19,076 people who were single and never married in the district. There were 21,312 married individuals, 2,098 widows or widowers and 2,203 individuals who are divorced.[4]

There were 5,569 households that consist of only one person and 1,466 households with five or more people.

The historical population is given in the following chart:[6]

Mergers and name changes[edit]

  • On 15 February 1974 the former municipality of Coussiberlé merged into Courlevon.
  • On 1 January 1975 the former municipality of Burg bei Murten merged into Murten.
  • On 24 May 1977 the municipality of Vully-le-Haut changed its name to Haut-Vully, and Vully-le-Bas changed its name to Bas-Vully.
  • On 1 January 1978 the former municipalities of Grossgurmels and Monterschu merged to form the new municipality of Gurmels. On 1 January 1978 Grossguschelmuth and Kleinguschelmuth merged to form the new municipality of Guschelmuth.
  • On 1 January 1983 the former municipality of Chandossel merged into Villarepos.
  • On 1 January 1991 the former municipality of Altavilla merged into Murten.
  • On 1 January 1997 the former municipalities of Courtion, Cormérod, Cournillens and Misery merged to form the new municipality of Misery-Courtion.

On 1 January 2000 the former municipalities of Corsalettes merged into Grolley, and the former municipality of Kleingurmels merged into Gurmels.

  • On 1 January 2003 the former municipalities of Wallenbuch, Liebistorf and Guschelmuth merged into Gurmels, and the former municipality of Courtaman merged into Courtepin.
  • On 1 January 2005 the former municipality of Cordast merged into Gurmels.
  • On 1 January 2006 the former municipality of Agriswil merged into Ried bei Kerzers.[7]
  • On 1 January 2013 the former municipality of Büchslen merged into the municipality of Murten.[7]

Politics[edit]

In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 24.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (19.7%), the FDP (15.1%) and the CVP (14.2%).[8]

The SVP received about the same percentage of the vote as they did in the 2007 Federal election (28.4% in 2007 vs 24.4% in 2011). The SPS moved from third in 2007 (with 17.9%) to second in 2011, the FDP moved from second in 2007 (with 18.8%) to third and the CVP retained about the same popularity (16.4% in 2007). A total of 10,869 votes were cast in this election, of which 138 or 1.3% were invalid.[9]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 26,439 or 59.2% were Roman Catholic, while 9,847 or 22.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 920 members of an Orthodox church (or about 2.06% of the population), there were 23 individuals (or about 0.05% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 1,477 individuals (or about 3.31% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 15 individuals (or about 0.03% of the population) who were Jewish, and 1,936 (or about 4.33% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 311 individuals who were Buddhist, 161 individuals who were Hindu and 30 individuals who belonged to another church. 2,986 (or about 6.68% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 1,260 individuals (or about 2.82% of the population) did not answer the question.[4]

Education[edit]

In See about 16,916 or (37.9%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 5,390 or (12.1%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 5,390 who completed tertiary schooling, 67.6% were Swiss men, 18.9% were Swiss women, 8.7% were non-Swiss men and 4.9% were non-Swiss women.[4]

The Canton of Fribourg school system provides one year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school. The upper Secondary school is divided into gymnasium (university preparatory) and vocational programs. After they finish the upper Secondary program, students may choose to attend a Tertiary school or continue their apprenticeship.[10]

During the 2010-11 school year, there were a total of 4,148 students attending 222 classes in See. A total of 5,462 students from the district attended any school, either in the district or outside of it. There were 34 kindergarten classes with a total of 655 students in the district. The district had 116 primary classes and 2,299 students. During the same year, there were 63 lower secondary classes with a total of 1,114 students. There were 2 upper Secondary classes, with 35 upper Secondary students. The district had 4 special Tertiary classes, with 45 specialized Tertiary students.[5]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 46°54′36″N 7°08′27″E / 46.91000°N 7.14083°E / 46.91000; 7.14083