Seefeld in Tirol

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Seefeld in Tirol
Seefeld Austria.jpg
Coat of arms of Seefeld in Tirol
Coat of arms
Seefeld in Tirol is located in Austria
Seefeld in Tirol
Seefeld in Tirol
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°19′46″N 11°11′21″E / 47.32944°N 11.18917°E / 47.32944; 11.18917Coordinates: 47°19′46″N 11°11′21″E / 47.32944°N 11.18917°E / 47.32944; 11.18917
Country Austria
State Tyrol
District Innsbruck Land
Government
 • Mayor Werner Frießer (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total 17.4 km2 (6.7 sq mi)
Elevation 1,180 m (3,870 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 3,241
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 6100
Area code 05212
Vehicle registration IL
Website www.seefeld.eu

Seefeld in Tirol is an old farming village, now a major tourist resort, in Innsbruck-Land District in the Austrian state of Tyrol with a local population of 3,312 (as at 1 Jan 2013). The village is located about 17 km (11 mi) northwest of Innsbruck on a plateau between the Wetterstein mountains and the Karwendel on an historic road from Mittenwald to Innsbruck that has been important since the Middle Ages. It was first mentioned in 1022 and since the 14th century has been a pilgrimage site, benefiting not only from the visit of numerous pilgrims but also from its stacking rights as a trading station between Augsburg and the Venice. Also since the 14th century, Tyrolean shale oil has been extracted in the area. Seefeld was a popular holiday resort even before 1900 and, since the 1930s, has been one a well known winter sports centres and amongst the most popular tourist resorts in Austria. The municipality, which has been the venue for several Winter Olympics Games, is the home village of Anton Seelos, the inventor of the parallel turn.

With more than one million overnight stays each year, it is one of the most popular Tyrolean tourist destinations especially for skiing in winter, but also for walking holidays in the summer.

Culture and sights[edit]

Wandmalereien in Sankt Oswald
Murals in St. Oswald

Geography[edit]

The village is situated on the south-facing Seefeld Plateau north of the River Inn on the watershed between the basins of the Inn and the Isar. The plateau (which also comprises the villages of Leutasch, Reith, Scharnitz and Mösern) is surrounded by the Wetterstein mountain range to the west, and the Karwendel mountain range to the east; it falls away in a steep drop off to the Inn valley to the south. To the north, the high valley leads through the village of Scharnitz towards the border with Germany at Mittenwald.

Seefeld has two main mountain areas (for walking or skiing): one is the rounded hill, the Gschwandtkopf (1,495 m); the other is on the slopes of the mountains to the east and called the Rosshütte after the large mountain restaurant halfway up. These mountains dominate the Seefeld Plateau; from left/north to right/south, they are the Seefelder Joch, Seefelder Spitze (2,215 m), Härmelekopf (2,224 m) and Reither Spitze (2,374 m). Notable other landmarks include the Seekirchl, a small, onion-domed church, and the Pfarrhügel, a spur of the Gschwandtkopf running into the town centre and forming a small attractive hill. There is also a popular bathing lake called the Wildsee.

Lakes and streams[edit]

The lake that gave Seefeld its name: the Wildsee. Behind: the Kalkkögel

On the east side of the Seefelder Joch rise the tributaries of the Haglbach, which flows west through the valley of Hermannstal, then swings south on reaching the plateau to run along the municipal boundary and feed the Wildsee. The Wildsee is threatened by sediment deposition from the Haglbach. In future it is planned to excavate a reservoir east of Innsbrucker Straße to collect these sediments.[3] The tailstream of the Wildsee, now called the Seebach, runs through Seefeld in a northerly direction and collects the waters of the Raabach shortly after passing the village centre. This section was called the Mühlbach by Peter Anich in 1762.

The Raabach has its source in the southeast near the Mösern Mähder and was once impounded to form a reservoir that gave the church of Seekirchl its name. Below the Schlossberg, near the Seebach, is a radon-containing spring,[4] that, under the name of the Franz Josef Spring,[5] was mentioned in 1900 for the first time in the Directory of Spas of the Imperial-Royal Province of Tyrol and Vorarlberg (Verzeichnis der Kurorte und Bäder der K.K. Statthalterei für Tirol und Vorarlberg) and used until 1984 as a health spring.[6] Its radon content of 117 becquerels per litre is rather low (the limit for drinking water is 1,000 Bq/l).

The Klammbach originates at the Wildmoosalm below the lake of Wildmoossee and runs northwest of the village on the far side of the Geigenbühel, passes the Triendlsäge (where there is a reservoir with a capacity of 450 m³ which supplies a small hydropower station generating 45 kW[7]) and merges with the Seebach by the Lehenwald woods in front of the Bodenalm to form the Drahnbach. The latter flows towards Scharnitz and empties into the Isar tributary, the Gießenbach.

The Kaltwassersee.

The reservoir at 1,578 m (AA) near the Rosshütte (called the Kaltwassersee and named after the local area) has a capacity of 66,500 m³ and receives its water from the public mains. In 2015 it was additionally fed between April and August from the Blauer Schrofen spring below the Seefelder Spitze. The additional water from the Kaltwassersee for snowmaking was raised in 2009 from 100,000 m³ to 165,000 m³ per year.[8]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1869 439 —    
1880 448 +2.1%
1890 431 −3.8%
1900 420 −2.6%
1910 468 +11.4%
1923 619 +32.3%
1934 986 +59.3%
1939 1,130 +14.6%
1951 1,790 +58.4%
1961 1,801 +0.6%
1971 2,303 +27.9%
1981 2,476 +7.5%
1991 2,751 +11.1%
2001 3,098 +12.6%
2011 3,161 +2.0%

Infrastructure[edit]

Transport links[edit]

Rail services[edit]

Seefeld in Tirol railway station
Museum train of DRB Class 41 in Seefeld

Seefeld is on the Karwendel Railway with links to Munich via Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Innsbruck. It is also served by S-Bahn line 5 from Innsbruck to Scharnitz (to Garmisch-P.). From the start of the winter timetable in 2010, Seefeld station became the highest Intercity-Express (ICE) stop in Europe. At weekends it is served by two ICE trains in each direction daily (2014 timetable).

Bus services[edit]

Three bus routes run by the Tyrol Transport Association stop in Seefeld, as does a long distance bus route (at the Rosshütte bus stop):

Bus number Name Route
4184 regiobus Tirol Seefeld/Tirol - Leutasch - Oberleutasch - Buchen
4186 regiobus Tirol Seefeld/Tirol – Gießenbach – ScharnitzMittenwaldLeutasch – Seefeld/Tirol – Reith – Leithen
8354 regiobus Tirol Seefeld/Tirol - Mösern - Telfs
040 Mein Fernbus.de Innsbruck - Seefeld(Rosshütte) - Garmisch-Parten. - Munich Central Bus Station (Hackerbrücke) - Munich Airport

Road transport[edit]

The Bundesstraße 177 federal highway (Seefelder Strasse) to the German border is part of the European route E 533. It runs from Zirl over the Zirler Berg to Scharnitz and Mittenwald. Another road link from the Inn valley runs from Telfs via Mösern, along the road to Leutasch and enables Mittenwald to be reached over the Scharnitz Pass.

Innsbruck Airport lies about 20 km from Seefeld. In winter there are direct flights from e. g. Hamburg, Berlin, Cologne and Frankfurt.

Communication and telecommunication[edit]

The pilot project by Telesystem Tirol for cable TV was conducted in 1975 by a family firm based in Auland. Today about 900 participants in Seefeld and Reith are connected.[9] DVB-T is transmitted by a transmitter on the Gschwandtkopf.

Broadband access and HSPA is available in the entire permanent settlement of Seefeld at a rate of 42.2 MBit/s.[10] It is naked DSL with symmetric bandwidth of up to 20 Mbit/s, ADSL up to 30 Mbit/s. Broadband internet is also provided over the cable network. Since August 2012 there has been free WLAN access in the pedestrian zone, the spa park, the sport and congress centre, around the Seekirchl and at the Casino Arena, around the ski jumps on the Gschwandtkopf and at several stations in the Rosshütte ski area.

Sports facilities[edit]

In recent years Seefeld has expanded and renovated its sports facilities and positioned itself as the Nordic Skill Centre (Nordisches Kompetenzzentrum) for the training of national teams and clubs as well as the Stams Skiing Grammar School (Skigymnasium Stams).

Economy[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Seefeld is an important centre for cross-country skiing. The Nordic events at both the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics were hosted at Seefeld. The 1985 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships also took place here as well (in both the Winter Olympics and the FIS Nordic World Ski Championshipsonly only the normal hill in ski jumping took place in Seefeld, the large hill took place in Innsbruck) as some of the events at the 1st Winter Youth Olympic Games in January 2012. World Cup competitions have been located here a number of times.

The alpine skiing area is small and appropriate for beginners. There are two separate small areas which are not connected except by a ski bus (free of charge) or taxis. The terrain itself is quite good and there is good access to other facilities (walks, shops and the Olympia swimming complex).

Seefeld is popular with walkers because of its plateau location; there are many attractive walks which don't depend on climbing up and down mountains. However, the walks into the mountains are beautiful too, especially since the Karwendel is a huge nature reserve. Recommended walks include down through the Schlossbachklamm to Hochzirl (then the train back), and from the cable car stations down into the Eppzirlertal (if you're fairly fit). There are possibilities for multi-day walks through the Karwendel towards the Achensee.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2013-01-01.
  2. ^ Dehio Tirol 1980, pp. 719–723
  3. ^ Josef Hornsteiner: Archive copy at the Wayback Machine, plateauzeitung.at dated 4 February 2014. Archived from original on 17 April 2014.
  4. ^ Heilquelle T20956563R3/QU70351005, Teilauszug aus dem Wasserbuch Tirol.
  5. ^ Kurzgutachten - ehemaliges Hotel Schneeweiss, Bezirksgericht Innsbruck, 811 20 E 84/12k. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  6. ^ Mag. Helmut Pintarelli: Gutachten zum Verkehrswert, ehemaliges Hotel Schneeweiss (Geschäftszahl: 20 E 84/12k) vom 13 December 2012, pp. 12 ff. (PDF, 228 KB)
  7. ^ Speicherteich Beck.Nr.1) T20542888R3, 3/4 Kleinwasserkraftanlage "Triendlsäge" T20542844R3 extracts from the Wasserbuch Tirol.
  8. ^ 3/3108 Beschneiungsanlage "Roßhütte - Härmelekopf - Reitherjochalm" T20608870R3, Teilauszug aus dem Wasserbuch Tirol.
  9. ^ Die Kabelanlage at kabelseefeld.at. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  10. ^ Breitband-Masterplan für Tirol, Amt der Tiroler Landesregierung, Abteilung Wirtschaft und Arbeit, 2012 (pdf)
  11. ^ Homologations: Seefeld (AUT) auf fis-ski.com

External links[edit]