They are sometimes known as the "Gates To Berlin" because the main West-East route out of Berlin runs through them.
World War II 
During April 1945, the Battle of the Seelow Heights saw some of the heaviest fighting of World War II between the German defenders and the Soviet attackers. Many localized Soviet attacks were held back by remnants of the Wehrmacht. In the end, the Russians lost more men than the Germans, but the Soviet advances could not be held off for long. After several days of heavy fighting the Soviets managed to break through the defences and fight their way into the German capital in the Battle of Berlin.
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