A Seer (also sihr) is a traditional unit of mass and volume. It was used in large parts of Asia prior to the middle of the 20th century, but now remains in use only in a few countries such as Afghanistan. Only in Iran the unit is used regularly, but indicates a smaller unit of weight than the ones used in India.
units of mass
In India, the seer (Government seer) was defined by the Standards of Weights and Measures Act (No. 89 of 1956, amended in 1960 and 1964) as being exactly equal to 0.93310 kg (2.057131 lb). However there were many local variants of the seer in India.
|Bengal||80 tolas of rice|
|South India||mass of 24 current rupees|
|Chennai (formerly Madras)||approx 25 lb (9.33 kg)|
|Juggerat||mass of 40 local rupees|
|Mumbai (formerly Bombay)||28 lb (10.45 kg) called the Old Seer|
Oman, Nepal and Pakistan
In Afghanistan, it was a unit of mass, approximately 7.066 kg (15.58 lb).
In Persia (and later Iran), it was and remains in two units.
- The metric seer was 74.22 g (2.618 oz)
- The seer (sihr) was 160 g (5.64 oz)
The smaller weight is now part of the national weight system in Iran and is used on daily basis for small measures purchases of delicate food stuff and the choice produce.
In Sri Lanka, it was a measure of capacity, approximately 1.86 pint (1.024 litres)
"Seer". Sizes, grades, units, scales, calendars, chronologies. Retrieved 2007-02-19.
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