Seer (unit)

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"Sihr" redirects here. For the ice hockey organization, see Society for International Hockey Research.
For other uses, see Seer (disambiguation).
An standard seer from Almora, India.

A Seer (also sihr) is a traditional unit of mass and volume. It was used in large parts of Asia prior to the middle of the 20th century, but now remains in use only in a few countries such as Afghanistan. Only in Iran the unit is used regularly, but indicates a smaller unit of weight than the ones used in India.


British Indian
units of mass

In India, the seer (Government seer) was defined by the Standards of Weights and Measures Act (No. 89 of 1956, amended in 1960 and 1964) as being exactly equal to 0.93310 kg (2.057131 lb). However there were many local variants of the seer in India.

Bengal 80 tolas of rice
South India mass of 24 current rupees
Chennai (formerly Madras) approx 25 lb (9.33 kg)
Juggerat mass of 40 local rupees
Mumbai (formerly Bombay) 28 lb (10.45 kg) called the Old Seer

Oman, Nepal and Pakistan[edit]

In Aden (Oman), Nepal, and Pakistan a seer was approximately 0.93310 kg (2.057 lb) derived from the Government seer of British colonial days.


In Afghanistan, it was a unit of mass, approximately 7.066 kg (15.58 lb).


In Persia (and later Iran), it was and remains in two units.

  1. The metric seer was 74.22 g (2.618 oz)
  2. The seer (sihr) was 160 g (5.64 oz)

The smaller weight is now part of the national weight system in Iran and is used on daily basis for small measures purchases of delicate food stuff and the choice produce.

Sri Lanka[edit]

In Sri Lanka, it was a measure of capacity, approximately 1.86 pint (1.024 litres)

See also[edit]


"Seer". Sizes, grades, units, scales, calendars, chronologies. Retrieved 2007-02-19.