Non-affiliated (11) Vacant (1)
|Parallel voting with a 5% election threshold for proportional seats (7% for coalitions)|
|14 and 28 October 2012|
|Seimas Palace, Vilnius|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas), or simply the Seimas (pronounced: [sæ̠iˑmɐs]), is the unicameral Lithuanian parliament. It has 141 members that are elected for a four-year term. About half of the members of this legislative body are elected in individual constituencies (71), and the other half (70) are elected by nationwide vote according to proportional representation. A party must receive at least 5%, and a multi-party union at least 7%, of the national vote to be represented in the Seimas.
The Seimas uses parallel voting, with elections for the 70 proportional seats and the 71 constituency seats held on separate days. The proportional seats are allocated by the Hare quota, with a 5% election threshold (or 7% for electoral alliances) to gain list seats.
|Order and Justice||100,120||7.31||6||5||11||4|
|Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania||79,840||5.83||5||3||8||5|
|The Way of Courage||109,448||7.99||7||–||7||New|
|Peasant and Greens Union||53,141||3.88||–||1||1||2|
|Liberal and Centre Union||28,263||2.06||–||–||–||8|
|Socialist People's Front||16,515||1.21||–||–||–|
|For Lithuania in Lithuania||12,854||0.94||–||–||–||New|
|Democratic Labour and Unity Party||4,383||0.32||–||–||–||New|
|Lithuanian People's Party||3,399||0.25||–||–||–||New|
|Total||1,370,014||100||70||70 (1 to go)||140||–|
When the Seimas is in session, there are four plenary sittings of the Seimas per week: two on Tuesday and two on Thursday, which are represented by the speaker of the Seimas or his deputy. As a rule, all sittings of the Seimas are open.
Members (since 1990)
- List of members of the Seimas, 1990–1992
- List of members of the Seimas, 1992–1996
- List of members of the Seimas, 1996–2000
- List of members of the Seimas, 2000–2004
- List of members of the Seimas, 2004–2008
- List of members of the Seimas, 2008–2012
- List of members of the Seimas (current)
The presidium consists of a speaker and deputy speakers. The speaker and the deputy speakers are elected by the deputies of the parliament during the session.
Notes and references
- Tomas Venclova. Vilnius. R. Paknys Publishing House, Vilnius, 2002, p. 191.