Seiwa Genji

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The Seiwa Genji (清和源氏?) were the most successful and powerful line of the Japanese Minamoto clan that were descended from Emperor Seiwa. Many of the most famous Minamoto warriors, including Minamoto no Yoshiie, also known as "Hachiman-tarō", or God of War; Minamoto no Yoritomo, the founder of the Kamakura shogunate; and Ashikaga Takauji, the founder of the Ashikaga shogunate belong to this line. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616), founder of the Tokugawa shogunate, also claimed descent from this lineage. The family is named after Emperor Seiwa, grandfather of Minamoto no Tsunemoto, patriarch of the Seiwa Genji.

Emperor Seiwa was father of Imperial Prince Sadazumi (貞純親王 Sadazumi Shinnō) (873-916) - father of Minamoto no Tsunemoto (源経基) (894-961), founder of the Seiwa Genji, from whom the Seiwa Genji is descended. Many samurai families belong to this line and had used "Minamoto" clan name in official records, including the Ashikaga clan, Hatakeyama clan, Hosokawa clan, Imagawa clan, Mori, Nanbu clan, Nitta clan, Ogasawara clan, Satake clan, Satomi clan, Shiba clan, Takeda clan, Toki clan, among others. The Shimazu and Tokugawa clans also claimed to belong to this line.

A group of Shinto shrines connected closely with the clan is known as the Three Genji Shrines (源氏三神社 Genji San Jinja).

Family tree[edit]

The following family trees are a non-exhaustive listing of the Seiwa Genji and the clans that branched from the family.

Legend: Solid lines represent blood relationship; dashed lines represent adoptions. An asterisk indicates a monk (who would not have been allowed to retain the Minamoto name).

Emperor Seiwa's first five princes[edit]

(Emperor Seiwa)
(Prince Sadaakira)
(Prince Sadakata)
(Prince Sadamoto)
(Prince Sadahira)
(Prince Sadayasu)
Kunifuchi
Kanetada
Kanenobu
Kunitada
Kuniuzu
Shigeyuki

Prince Sadazumi's descendants[edit]

(Emperor Seiwa)
(Prince Sadazumi)
Tsunemoto
Tsuneo
Mitsunaka
Mitsumasa
Mitsusue
Mitsuzane
Mitsuyoshi
Mitsuo
Mitsu(shige?)
Mitsuyori
Kimifushi
Yorimitsu
Yorichika
Yorinobu
Yorihira
Yoriaki
Yorisada
Yorizane
Takamichi
Yori(hiro?)
Genken*
Tadasue
Settsu Genji
Yamato Genji
Kawachi Genji

Emperor Seiwa's other princes[edit]

(Emperor Seiwa)
(Prince Sadatoki)
(Prince Sadakazu)
(Prince Sadazane)
(Prince Sadayori)
Nagafuchi
Nagamichi
Nagami
Nagayori
Tameyoshi(?)
Shigemoto
Shigehira
Shigekata
Motosuke

Settsu Genji[edit]

Minamoto no Yorimitsu
Yorikuni
Yoriie
Yorimoto
Yorinori
Yorisuke
Yorizane
Sanekuni
Yoritsuna
Rokujōsai-in no Senji
Kunifusa
Moromitsu
Akikuni
Nakamasa
Raishi
Seishi
Kuninao
Mitsukuni
Sanetoshi
Mitsutaka
Yukikuni
Tsunemitsu
Yorimasa
Yoriyuki
Mitsushige
Yasumasa
Kunimasa
Kunimoto
Toki clan
Mitsuyasu
Tada Genji
Nakatsuna
Kanetsuna
Masatsuna
Nakaie
Yorikane
Hirotsuna
Sanuki
Gishūmon-in no Tango
Jūshi
Munetsuna
Aritsuna
Nakamitsu
Yorishige

Yamato Genji[edit]

Yorichika
Yorinari
Yorifusa
Yoritō
Yorimoto
Yoritoshi
Mutsu Ishikawa clan
Yori(kaze?)
Yoriharu
Yori(kage?)
Yoriyasu
(several clans)
(several clans)
Shinjitsu*
Genjitsu*
Jitsuben*
Jūren*

Kawachi Genji[edit]

Yorinobu
Yoriyoshi
Yorikiyo
Yorisue
Yoritō
Yoshimasa
Yoshiie
Yoshitsuna
Yoshimitsu
Kaiyo*
Murakami clan
Inoue clan
Yoshimune
Yoshichika
Yoshikuni
Yoshitada
Yoshinobu
Yoshitoshi
Yoshiyasu
Yoshiyuki
Munekiyo
Nitta, Ashikaga clans
Tameyoshi
Tsunekuni
Yoshitaka
Tadamune
Yoshikiyo
Yoshikatsu
Yoshitomo
Yoshikata
Yoshihiro
Yorikata
Yorinaka
Tamemune
Tamenari
Tametomo
Tamenaka
Yukiie
Nakaie
Yoshinaka
Yoshihira
Tomonaga
Yoritomo
Yoshikado
Mareyoshi
Noriyori
Zenjō
Gien*
Yoshitsune
Yoriie
Sanetomo
Jōgyō*
Ichiman
Kugyō*
Eijitsu*
Zengyō*

Yoshimitsu's descendants[edit]

Yoshimitsu
Yoshinari
Sanemitsu
Yoshikiyo
Moriyoshi
Chikayoshi
Masayoshi
Yoshisada
Kiyomitsu
Hiraga and Ōuchi clans
Satake clan
Yoshitsune
Yoshikane
Mitsunaga
Nobuyoshi
Tōmitsu
Yoshisada
Yoshitō
Tadayori
Kanenobu
Takeda clan
Mitsutomo
Nagakiyo
Mitsuyuki

Mitsumasa's descendants[edit]

Mitsumasa
Tadashige
Tadataka
Tadakuni
Sadamune
Sadashige
Yūshinai-shinnō-ke no Kii(?)
Masayori
Shigetaka
Yoshitsune
Shigemune
Yoshizumi clan
Shigezane
Shigenaga
Shigetoki
Shigenari
Shigesada
Shigetō
Tokinari
Shigekuni
Suetō
Shigenao
Shigeyori
Shigefusa
Shigeto
Mitsusue
Suesada
Shigemitsu
Shigemune
Shigenaga
Shigetaka
Shigekiyo
Mitsuyuki
Shigetada
Shigetomo
Shigehide
Shigeyuki
Chikayuki

Mitsuyoshi's descendants[edit]

Mitsuyoshi
Mitsukuni
Yukiyori
Yorisue
Tamemitsu
Tametomo
Tamehira
Tameyoshi
Tamekuni
Tamezane
Tamemoto
Tameuji
Chiku and Sengoku clans
(several clans)
Niyanagi and Natsume clans
(several clans)
Katagiri clan
(several clans)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sansom, George (1958). 'A History of Japan to 1334'. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • Turnbull, Stephen (1998). 'The Samurai Sourcebook'. London: Cassell & Co.