|Subregion||Península de Setúbal|
|• President||Joaquim Santos (CDU)|
|• Total||95.50 km2 (36.87 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)|
Seixal (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐjˈʃaɫ]) is a Portuguese city in the district of Setúbal, Lisbon region and sub-region of the peninsula de Setúbal, with about 31 600 inhabitants, situated across the Tagus River estuary from Lisbon and next to the Rio Judeu ("Jewish River").
The present Mayor is Joaquim Santos, elected by the Unitarian Democratic Coalition since September 2013. Seixal is known for being one of the few cities in Portugal under the power of the communist party for more than 20 years.
Seixal is the seat of a municipality with and area of 93.58 km², subdivided into six parishes. It has 184,269 inhabitants (2011), which makes it one of the eight municipalities with more inhabitants of Portugal. The municipality is bordered to the east by the municipality of Barreiro, south by Sesimbra, west by Almada (with which it has a strong affinity) and the north by the Tagus estuary, through which connects to Lisbon.
The municipality is composed of 4 parishes:
The connections to Lisbon, only 15 km distance, include the A2 motorway
- Inland navigation
- Bike path
Flat city by the river, Seixal motivates touring and, as such, has a bike path off the bay linking the cities of Amora to Seixal, passing through the towns of Seixal, Arrentela and Amora.
It was in Seixal that the brothers Vasco da Gama and Paulo da Gama built vessels for the trip to India. While Vasco da Gama was in Lisbon to prepare the trip, Paulo da Gama commanded carpenters and caulkers in the construction of the ships. Estevão da Gama, the father of the brothers, was commander of Seixal. The construction of the ships was the beginning of what is known as the "Descobrimentos portugueses". As a consequence, the Seixal municipality has an extensive architectural heritage of numerous properties or villas as a rich heritage testimony of that time, such as Quinta da Fidalga, Quinta do Alamo, Quinta da Trindade, Quinta de São Pedro and Quinta de Cheiraventos.
The name "Seixal" comes from a type of smooth stone (seixo) that is found in rivers, and the city is named after these stones. The city was an important vacation resort for aristocracy from nearby Lisbon during the 18th century, namely in Quinta da Fidalga.
The Seixal has always been, a municipality with great industrial tradition. Its privileged location nex to the capital, Lisbon, and the ease of access across the river, contributed to the establishment of various industries over time.
Since the early 90s, the heavy and manufacturing began to cease activity, leading to modern industrial parks for economic activities, dominated by small and medium industry, logistics and services.
There currently are active in Seixal about 15.000 companies.
The network of road, river and rail access, combined with skilled labor and the existence of economic activity parks are determinants that these figures are possible.
Two of the most recent investment catchment operations is Seixal Business Park, an area next to the Coina node where are headquartered 69 companies, representing about 1,500 jobs, and the study redefine the spatial organization of the area occupied by the former National Steel Company (Siderurgia National do Seixal). These two projects converge on the new Economic Activities Park Seixal County, an area with a total of 700 hectares.
Another area of investment in the county is the tourism. With a wide river front and a large area of tree mass, there are numerous business activities with potential for tourism and leisure. The Office of Business Support - GAE (Gabinete de Apoio ao Empresário), inserted into the GAE Network of Setubal, can support routing of investment through support provided by trained personnel. Here you can learn about business creation, licensing, support and investment incentives, camarários requirements, suitable sites for the installation of economic activities and interpretation of PDM - Municipal Master Plan, as well as other information about the business.
In Seixal were born and / or inhabit important figures in various areas:
- Alexandre Farto (Vilhs) (artist / painter)
- Ana Sousa (handball player)
- António Augusto Louro (pharmacist)
- D. Augusto de Bragança (Duke of Coimbra)
- Carla Sacramento (athlete)
- Carlos Ribeiro (doctor/Dean)
- Carvalho da Silva (Sindicalist)
- Diamantina Rodrigues (singer / presenter)
- Diogo Morgado (actor)
- Emilio Rebelo (composer / historian)
- Francisco Saalfeld (director)
- Joaquim Letria (journalist / presenter)
- José Carlos Viana Baptista (engineer / manager / minister)
- Juliana Sousa (handball player)
- Leonel Pereira Fernandes (hockey player)
- Luis Boa Morte (footballer)
- Luis Figo (footballer)
- Manuel da Fonseca (writer)
- D. Maria Francisca Benedicta (royalty)
- Mario Silva Barradas (teacher, singer)
- Pedro Eanes Lobato (royal taylor)
- Nelson Rosado (singer/Os Anjos)
- Olga Villanova (singer)
- Rui Unas (musician / actor)
- Sergio Rosado (singer/Os Anjos)
- Modern Music Festival of Corroios
- Seixalíada (Sports)
- Seixal Jazz
- Avante Festival
The parish of Amora holds the yearly festival of the Portuguese Communist Party, that attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors. The events themselves consist of a three-day festival of music, with hundreds of Portuguese and international bands and artists across five different stages, ethnography, gastronomy, debates, a books and music fair, theatre (Avanteatro) and sporting events. Several foreign communist parties also participate.
Famous artists, Portuguese and non-Portuguese, have performed at the Festival, including Chico Buarque, Baden Powell, Ivan Lins, Zeca Afonso, Jimi Hendrix, Buffy Sainte-Marie, Holly Near, Johnny Clegg, Charlie Haden, Judy Collins, Richie Havens, Ozzy Osbourne, Tom Paxton, Judas Priest, The Soviet Circus Company, The L-Block Comerades, the Kuban Cossacks Choir, Dexys Midnight Runners, The Band, Hevia, Brigada Victor Jara, Adriano Correia de Oliveira, Carlos Paredes, Jorge Palma, Manoel de Oliveira and many others.
The preparation for the party begins right after the end of the previous festival. Hundreds of the Party's members and friends, mostly young people that would like to belong to the ranks of the Party, volunteer for the hard work of building a small town in a few months using the town resources.
- Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, pages 552 112-113" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Seixal City Council. http://www.cm-seixal.pt/CMSEIXAL/. Missing or empty