Sekiyado Domain

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Sekiyado Castle, circa 1860s

Sekiyado Domain (関宿藩 Sekiyado-han?) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period, located in Shimōsa Province (the northern portion of modern-day Chiba Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Sekiyado Castle in what is now the city of Noda, Chiba.

In the han system, Sekiyado was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[1] In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area.[2] This was different from the feudalism of the West.

Prime Minister Baron Suzuki Kantarō was born as the son of a samurai of Sekiyado Domain.

History[edit]

Sekiyado is located at the confluence of the Tone River and the Edogawa River, and was thus a strategic location controlling river traffic in the northern Kantō region, as well as the northeastern approaches to Edo. Following the Battle of Odawara in 1590, the Kantō region by was assigned to Tokugawa Ieyasu, who appointed his half-brother Matsudaira (Hisamatsu) Yasumoto as daimyō of Sekiyado, with revenues of 20,000 koku. His revenues were increased to 40,000 koku in 1591. The domain passed from Matsudaira control to various other clans over its history: however, as an indication of the importance the Tokugawa shogunate placed on Sekiyado, of the 22 daimyō who ruled the domain, 22 held the post of Rōjū and three held the post of Kyoto Shoshidai.

From 1669 (with an interruption from 1683-1705), the domain remained in the hands of the Kuze clan. Kuze Hirochika played an important role in the Bakumatsu period. As Rōjū, he opposed the Ansei Purge conducted by Ii Naosuke. He was a key supporter of the Kōbu gattai policy of supporting the Shogunate through marriage ties to the Imperial family, and one of the prime signatories to treaties ending Japan’s national isolation policy.

During the Boshin War, the domain officially remained a supporter of the Shogunate, and contributed many samurai to the Shōgitai; however, many of its younger retainers supported the Sonnō jōi movement and defected to the Satchō Alliance. After the Battle of Ueno, the final daimyō of Sekiyado, Kuze Hironari, submitted to the new Meiji government. He was appointed domain governor under the new administration, until the abolition of the han system in July 1871 and subsequently became a viscount under the kazoku peerage. The former Sekiyado Domain was absorbed into the new Chiba Prefecture.

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Matsudaira Yasumoto ( 松平康元?) 1590–1603 Inaba-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 22,700 koku
2 Matsudaira Tadayoshi ( 松平忠良?) 1603–1616 Kai-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 22,700 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Matsudaira Shigekatsu ( 北条氏重?) 1617–1619 Osumi-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 26,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Ogasawara Masanobu ( 小笠原政信?) 1619–1640 Saemon-no-suke Lower 4th (従四位下) 22,700 koku
2 Ogasawara Sadanobu ( 小笠原貞信?) 1640–1640 Tosa-no-kami Lower 5th (従五四位下) 22,700 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Hōjō Ujishige ( 北条氏重?) 1640–1644 Dewa-no-kami Lower 4th Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Makino Nobushige ( 牧野信成?) 1644–1647 Hizen-no-kami Lower 4th Lower 4th (従四位下) 17,000 koku
2 Makino Narishige ( 牧野親成?) 1647–1656 Sado-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 17,000-->27,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Itakura Shigemune ( 板倉重宗?) 1656–1656 Suo-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 50,000 koku
2 Itakura Shigesatoi ( 板倉重郷?) 1656–1661 Awa-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 50,000-->45,000 koku
3 Itakura Shigetsune ( 板倉重常?) 1661–1669 Yamato-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) -
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Kuze Hiroyuki ( 久世 広之?) 1669–1679 Yamato-no-kami Lower 4th (侍従) 50,000 koku
2 Kuze Shigeyuki ( 久世重之?) 1679–1683 Yamato-no-kami Lower 4th (侍従) 50,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Makino Narisada ( 牧野成貞?) 1683–1695 Bizen-no-kami Lower 4th (侍従) 53,000-->73,000 koku
2 Makino Nariharu ( 牧野成春?) 1695–1705 Bizen-no-kami Lower 4th (侍従) 73,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Kuze Shigeyuki ( 久世重之?) 1705–1720 Yamato-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 50,000 koku
2 Kuze Teruyuki ( 久世暉之?) 1720–1748 Sanuki-no-kami/Jiju Lower 5th (従五位下) 50,000-->60,000 koku
3 Kuze Hiroaki ( 久世広明?) 1748–1785 Yamato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 60,000-->58,000 koku
4 Kuze Hiroyasu ( 久世広明?) 1785–1817 Yamato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 58,000-->68,000 koku
5 Kuze Hirotaka ( 久世広運?) 1817–1830 Nagato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 68,000 koku
6 Kuze Hirochika ( 久世広周?) 1830–1862 Yamato-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 68,000 koku
7 Kuze Hirofumi ( 久世広文?) 1862–1868 Oki-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 68,000-->48,000 koku
8 Kuze Hironari ( 久世広業?) 1868–1871 x Lower 5th (従五位下) 48,000 koku

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  2. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.

Further reading[edit]

  • Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972. 

External links[edit]