Selçuk

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This article is about the town. For the medieval Turkish leader, see Seljuk. For other uses, see Selçuk (disambiguation) and Seljuk (disambiguation).
Selçuk
Town
The grand fortress of Selçuk on Ayasoluk Hill
The grand fortress of Selçuk on Ayasoluk Hill
Location of Selçuk within Turkey.
Location of Selçuk within Turkey.
Selçuk is located in Turkey
Selçuk
Selçuk
Location of Selçuk within Turkey.
Coordinates: 37°57′N 27°22′E / 37.950°N 27.367°E / 37.950; 27.367
Country  Turkey
Region Aegean
Province İzmir
Government
 • Mayor Dahi Zeynel Bakıcı (AKP)
 • Governor Ayhan Boyacı
Area[1]
 • District 279.85 km2 (108.05 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 28,213
 • District 34,587
 • District density 120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 35920
Area code(s) 232
Licence plate 35 Lxx XX
Website http://www.selcuk.bel.tr

Selçuk is the central town of Selçuk district, İzmir Province in Turkey, 2 kilometres (1 mile) northeast of the ancient city of Ephesus.

Its original Greek name, Agios Theologos (Άγιος Θεολόγος) referred to John the Theologian. In the 14th century, it was the capital of the Emirate of Aydin. Under the Ottoman Empire, it was known as Ayasoluk (Ottoman Turkish: Ayasluğ). In 1914, it was renamed Selçuk after the Seljuk Turks who first led incursions into the region in the 12th century.

Three periods of history in Selçuk: Temple of Artemis (front), Isa Bey Mosque built by the Seljuk Turks (middle), the Ottoman castle (far)
The Isa Bey Mosque on Ayasoluk Hill
Selçuk town and castle in 1970

It was a township in Kuşadası district till 1954 and Torbalı between 1954-1957. It finally became a district in 1957. Its neighbours are Torbalı from north, Tire from northeast, Germencik from east, Kuşadası from south, Aegean Sea from west and Menderes (formerly Cumaovası) from northwest.

Selçuk is one of the most visited tourist destinations within Turkey, known for its closeness to the ancient city of Ephesus, House of the Virgin Mary and Seljuk works of art. The 6th century Basilica of St. John the Apostle, which, some claim, is built on the site of the Apostle's tomb, is also inside the town. The old quarter of Selçuk retains much traditional Turkish culture.

Ayasoluk Hill dominates the surrounding area, with several historical buildings on its slopes, including the İsa Bey Mosque built by the Aydinids in 1375, and the Grand Fortress.

Selçuk town and Isa Bey mosque from the castle in 1970

Ephesus Beach (Turkish: Pamucak) is one of the longest beaches (12 km) in Turkey and hosts 5 large hotels.

The local Selçuk-Efes Airport and Selçuk Training Center of the Turkish Aeronautical Association (THK) is only 3 km (1.9 mi) away from Selçuk, offering piloting, parachuting, and microlight training. Parachute championships are held there every summer, usually late August.

The annual camel wrestling championship takes place at Selçuk-Pamucak (Ephesus Beach) in January.

Nearby, in the village of Çamlık is the Çamlık Railway Museum.

See also[edit]

Ephesus Beach Hotels[edit]

  • Hotel Ephesus Princess*****
  • Aqua Fantasy Aquapark Hotel & SPA*****
  • Sürmeli Ephesus Resort*****
  • Richmond Ephesus Hotel*****
  • Burc Club Hotel****

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Selçuk is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°57′N 27°22′E / 37.950°N 27.367°E / 37.950; 27.367