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Selayar or Saleyer (Indonesian: Kabupaten Selayar, Dutch: Saleijer), is an archipelago, part of South Sulawesi province, Indonesia. It lies in the Flores Sea, between Sulawesi and Flores, around 150km southeast of the major city of Makassar. Kabupaten Selayar is the Regency, covering 903.35 km² with a population of about 120,000 (2012). There are 73 islands, the main one being Selayar Island. To the east lies Pulau (Island) Kalaotoa and Pulau Karompa Lompo (in Sulawesi Tenggara province), and to the west lies Kepulauan Sabalana (the Sabalana Islands). It is a biodiverse diving site.
- Selayar Island, main island of group, 248 sq mi.
- South of Selayar is Pulau (Island) Pulasi and Pulau Tambalongang
- South of Pulasi is Pulau Tanahjampea (Tana Jampea) with towns Ujung, Labuhanmarege and tiny Pulau Batu
- East of Pulasi is Pulau Kayuadi (Kayu Adi) and Pulau Panjang[disambiguation needed]
- East of Kayuadi is Macan Islands (Kepulauan Macan), consists of Takabonerate Islands (many atolls). Islands include Latondu, Rajuni, Timabo, Pasi Telu, and Taka Lumungan.
- Pulau Kalao with town Boneogeh
- South of Kalao is Pulau Bonerate
- Bahuluwang and other islands
The Selayar Strait (Selat Selayar) is more than 100 fathoms deep and, with a strong current, is dangerous for native ships to navigate. The strata of Selayar Island are all sedimentary rocks: coraffine limestone, occasionally sandstone; everywhere, except in the north and north-west, covered by a fertile soil. The watershed is a chain running throughout the island from N. to S., reaching in Bontona Haru 5840 ft., sloping steeply to the east coast.
The population, mainly a mixture of Makasars (see Makasar), Bugis and the natives of Luvu and Buton, is estimated at 57,000 on the main island and 24,000 on the nearby islands. They use the Macassar language are for the most part nominally Muslims (though many non-Muslim customs survive) and support themselves by agriculture, fishing, seafaring, trade, the preparation of salt (on the south coast) and weaving. Raw and prepared cotton, tobacco, trepang, tortoise-shell, coconuts and coconut oil, and salt are exported. There is frequent movement between the area and other parts of Sulawesi as well as to other parts Indonesia. For that reason, and also because of its excellent horses and numerous water buffaloes, the Saleyar Islands are often compared with Madura, being of the same importance to Celebes as is Madura to Java.
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