Selena as photographed by Agree shampoo staff in 1995
April 16, 1971
Lake Jackson, Texas, U.S.
|Died||March 31, 1995
Corpus Christi, Texas, U.S.
Cause of death
|Seaside Memorial Park
Corpus Christi, Texas
|Monuments||Mirador de la Flor|
|Other names||Selena Quintanilla-Pérez|
|Spouse(s)||Chris Pérez (m. 1992–95) (her death)|
|Relatives||Suzette Quintanilla (sister), A.B. Quintanilla III (brother)|
|Awards||List of awards and nominations|
Selena Quintanilla-Pérez (April 16, 1971 – March 31, 1995), known by the mononym Selena, was an American singer, songwriter, spokesperson, actress, and fashion designer. Called the Queen of Tejano music, her contributions to music and fashion made her one of the most celebrated Mexican American entertainers of the end of the 20th century as Hispanics elevated her into a sainthood-like status. She was named the "top Latin artist of the '90s" and "Best selling Latin artist of the decade" by Billboard magazine, as well as the "Mexican equivalent" of Madonna in terms of her clothing choices.
The youngest child of the Quintanilla family, she debuted on the music scene along with her elder siblings A.B. Quintanilla III and Suzette Quintanilla as a member of Selena y Los Dinos in 1980, and began recording professionally in 1982. In the 1980s, Selena was often criticized and was turned down at venues across Texas for performing Tejano music—a male-dominated music genre. However, her popularity grew after she won the Tejano Music Award for Female Vocalist of the Year in 1986, which she won nine consecutive times. Selena signed with Capitol EMI Latin in 1989, and released her self-titled debut album that same year, while her brother became her principal music producer and songwriter. Her 1990 album Ven Conmigo became the first recording by a female Tejano artist to achieve gold status by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).
Selena released Entre a Mi Mundo (1992), which peaked at number one on the US Billboard Regional Mexican Albums chart for eight consecutive months. The album's commercial success led music critics to name the album as her "breakthrough" recording of her musical career. One of its singles, "Como La Flor", became one of her signature and most popular songs. Her Live! (1993) album won Best Mexican/American Album at the 1994 Grammy Awards, becoming the first recording by a Tejano artist to do so. In 1994 Selena released Amor Prohibido, which became one of the best-selling Latin albums in the United States. The album was critically acclaimed as being responsible for Tejano music's first marketable era in its history as it became one of the most popular Latin music genres at the time. Selena began recording English-language songs for her crossover album.
Aside from music, Selena was active in her community and donated her time to civic causes. Coca-Cola named her their spokesperson in Texas, and Selena became a sex icon, despite her comments on being a role model for young women, which she was often criticized for wearing suggestive outfits. Selena and her guitarist, Chris Pérez, eloped in April 1992 after Quintanilla, Jr. raised concerns over their relationship. On March 31, 1995, Selena was shot and killed by Yolanda Saldívar her friend and former employee of her boutiques. Hispanics reacted negatively to the news of her death, and was compared to the death reactions of John Lennon, Elvis Presley, and US president John F. Kennedy. Her posthumous crossover album, Dreaming of You (1995), debuted atop the Billboard 200, becoming the first Latin artist to accomplish this feat. Two weeks after her death, George W. Bush (governor of Texas at the time) declared her birthday Selena Day in Texas. In 1997, Warner Bros. released a film about her life and career, which starred Jennifer Lopez as Selena. As of 2012, Selena has sold over 60 million albums worldwide.
- 1 Life and career
- 2 Murder
- 3 Artistry
- 4 Public image
- 5 Philanthropy
- 6 Legacy and influence
- 7 Discography
- 8 Filmography
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Life and career
1971–88: Early life and career beginnings
Selena Quintanilla was born on April 16, 1971 in Lake Jackson, Texas. She had Cherokee ancestry, and was the youngest child of Marcella Ofelia Quintanilla (née Samora) and Abraham Quintanilla, Jr. a former Mexican American musician. Selena was raised as a Jehovah's Witness. Abraham noticed Selena's musical abilities when she was six years old. He told People magazine "Her timing, her pitch were perfect, I could see it from day one." In 1980, Abraham opened his first Tex-Mex restaurant in Lake Jackson where Selena and her siblings—Abraham III on bass guitar and Suzette Quintanilla on drums, and Selena singing—would often perform. The following year, the restaurant was forced to close after the recession due to the Texas oil bust of 1980. The family declared bankruptcy, and were evicted from their home. They settled in Corpus Christi, Texas, while Quintanilla, Jr. began promoting the newly formed band Selena y Los Dinos as the band's manager. They needed money and played wherever they could get a gig. They performed at street corners, weddings, quinceañeras and fairs.
Because the demands of her performance and travel schedule began to interfere with her education as her popularity as a singer grew, her father took her out of school when she was in the eighth grade. Selena's teacher Marilyn Greer disapproved of Selena's musical career. She threatened to report Quintanilla, Jr. to the Texas Board of Education believing that the conditions Selena was exposed to were inappropriate for a girl her age, which he in turn told her to "mind her business". Other teachers expressed their concerns when they noticed how tired Selena would be when she arrived at school. At seventeen, Selena earned a high school diploma from the American School of Correspondence in Chicago, and was also accepted at Louisiana State University. However, Selena enrolled at Pacific Western University taking up business administration as her major.
Quintanilla, Jr. refurbished an old bus which he named "Big Bertha" which became the family's tour bus. In the first years of touring, the family sang for food and barely had enough to pay gas. In 1984, Selena recorded her first LP record Selena y Los Dinos, for Freddie Records. Selena recorded Tejano music compositions, despite her wishes on wanting to record English-language recordings. As a male-dominate genre, Tejano music—a Spanish-language music genre popularized by Mexicans in the United States with German influences of polka, jazz, and country music, was coined by Quintanilla, Jr. who believed that Selena should record musical compositions of her heritage. During the recording sessions for the album, Selena had to learn Spanish phonetically and with guidance from her father. The album helped Selena to appear on the Johnny Canales Show, a popular Spanish-language music show in 1985, she would then continue to guest star for several years. Selena was discovered by Rick Trevi founder of the Tejano Music Awards where she won the Female Vocalist of the Year award in 1987 and eight consecutive years after that. The band was often turned down by venues across Texas because of their age and because Selena was their lead singer. By 1988, Selena had released five more LP records; Alpha (1986), Munequito de Trapo (1987), And the Winner is... (1987), Preciosa (1988), and Dulce Amor (1988).
1989–90: Self-titled album and relationship with Pérez
Jose Behar of newly formed label EMI Latin Records, together with the new head of Sony Music Latin, watched Selena perform at the 1989 Tejano Music Awards. Behar was searching for new Latin acts and wanted to sign Selena to EMI's Capitol Records, while Sony Music Latin was offering twice Capitol's sum to Quintanilla, Jr. Behar thought that he had discovered the "next Gloria Estefan" but his superior called Behar illogical since he had been in South Texas less than a week. Quintanilla, Jr. chose EMI Latin's offer because of the potential for a crossover album, and becoming their first artist that signed with them. Before Selena began recording for her debut album, Behar and Stephen Finfer requested a crossover album for Selena. She recorded three English-language compositions for the heads of EMI's pop division. Behar and Finfer's request for a crossover album was denied and Selena was told that she needed a bigger fan base to sell such an album. Behar thought that EMI Records and the public did not believe that a Mexican American woman could have "crossover potential".
Selena released her self-titled debut album on October 17, 1989. Selena recorded most of the songs in San Antonio, Texas at AMEN Studios, while "Sukiyaki" and "My Love" were recorded in Houston, Texas at Sunrise Studios. Selena wrote "My Love", and wanted the song to be included on her first recording. Her brother, Quintanilla III became her principal record producer and songwriter for most of Selena's musical career. The only tracks Quintanilla III did not write on her debut album were "Sukiyaki", "Contigo Quiero Estar", and "No Te Vayas". The former was an original 1960s Japanese recording by Kyu Sakamoto. The lyrics Selena used were a Spanish version of an English version of the song by Janice Marie Johnson. The lead single, "Contigo Quiero Estar", peaked at number eight on the US Billboard Top Latin Songs chart, while the album peaked at number seven on the US Billboard Regional Mexican Albums chart, becoming Selena's first single and album to debut on a national music chart. Her self-titled recording performed better than albums from other female Tejano singers at the time.
In the same year, Coca-Cola wanted Selena to become one of their spokespeople in Texas. The jingle used in her first two commercials for the company were composed by Quintanilla III and Chris Pérez—who joined Selena y Los Dinos several months earlier as the band's new guitarist. Pérez began having romantic feelings for Selena, despite having a girlfriend back at San Antonio. After a Mexico trip with the band, Pérez thought it would be best for him and Selena if he tried to distance himself from her, but found it difficult and decided to try building a relationship with her. They expressed their feelings for each other at a Pizza Hut restaurant, and shortly afterwards became a couple. Pérez and Selena hid their relationship, fearing that Quintanilla, Jr. would try to break them up.
1990–91: Ven Conmigo and the Selena fan club
Selena released her second studio album, Ven Conmigo in 1990. The album yielded Selena's first gold album by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), denoting shipments of 50,000 copies. Ven Conmigo became the first album by a female Tejano singer to reach gold status in the United States. The album produced three singles; "Ya Ves", "La Tracalera", and "Baila Esta Cumbia". The latter, a Mexican cumbia song, became one of Selena's biggest hit singles. Its popularity grew in Mexico where a compilation album bearing the single's name was released there, the recording was certified platinum by the Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas (AMPROFON), denoting sales of 150,000 units.
A registered nurse and fan named Yolanda Saldívar asked Quintanilla, Jr. to start a fan club in San Antonio. Saldívar had the idea after she had attended one of Selena's concerts. Quintanilla, Jr. approved Saldívar's request, he believed the fan club would bring more exposure for the band. Saldívar soon became a close friend to Selena and the family, she was trusted and became the acting president of the fan club in 1991. That same year, Salvadoran singer Álvaro Torres composed a duet he wanted to record with Selena. The song "Buenos Amigos" was produced by Enrique Elizondo and was released on Torres' tenth studio album Nada Se Compara Contigo (1991). The recording peaked at number one on the US Billboard Top Latin Songs chart, giving Selena her first number one single. The music video for "Buenos Amigos" earned Selena and Torres two nominations at the 1992 Billboard Music Awards. The track was nominated for Duo of the Year at the 1992 Tejano Music Awards. Deborah Parédez wrote in her book Selenidad, that the track enabled Selena to tour the west and east coasts of the United States. According to John Lannert of Billboard magazine, the song was helped by increased airplay on regional Mexican and Tejano radio stations, which had previously dismissed Selena's recordings.
1992–93: Elopement, Entre a Mi Mundo, and Selena Live
Selena's sister Suzette, found Selena and Pérez flirting with each other and immediately informed their father. Quintanilla, Jr. took Pérez off the bus and told him that his and Selena's relationship was over. Selena and Pérez continued their relationship despite Quintanilla, Jr's disapproval; Selena's mother, Marcella, approved of their relationship. Quintanilla, Jr. spotted Selena and Pérez romantically together on the bus, he pulled over and an argument between him and Selena ensued. He called Pérez a "cancer in my family", and threatened to disband the group if they continued their relationship. Selena and Pérez relented; Quintanilla, Jr. fired him from the band, and prevented Selena from running off with him. After Pérez was fired from the band he and Selena secretly continued their relationship. On the morning of April 2, 1992, Selena and Pérez decided to elope, believing that Quintanilla, Jr. would never approve of their relationship. Selena believed that Quintanilla, Jr. would leave her and Pérez alone if they were married, and they would not have to hide their feelings for each other. Within hours of their marriage, the media announced Selena and Pérez' elopement. Selena's family tried to track her down; Quintanilla, Jr. did not take the news well, and alienated himself for some time. Selena and Pérez moved into an apartment together in Corpus Christi. Quintanilla, Jr. approached Pérez, apologized, accepted the marriage and took Pérez back into the band.
A month after her elopement, Selena released her third studio album, Entre a Mi Mundo, in May 1992. The album was critically acclaim for being a "breakthrough album" for Selena. The recording peaked at number one on the US Billboard Regional Mexican Albums chart for eight consecutive months, it was certified 6x Platinum by the RIAA for shipments of 600,000 copies. In Mexico, the recording was certified gold for sales of 300,000 units. Entre a Mi Mundo became the first Tejano album by a female artist to sell over 300,000 copies.[a] Selena outsold male Tejano singers with her album, according to editors of the Miami Herald and the San Jose Mercury News. The album produced four singles; "Como La Flor", "¿Qué Creías?", "La Carcacha", and "Amame". The lead single, "Como La Flor", became Selena's signature recording, and was critically acclaim by music critics as being a career launcher for Selena. "Como La Flor" helped Selena to dominate the Latin music charts and become immensely popular in Mexico, where Mexican-Americans were generally not liked among citizens, which was well received by critics. The track was nominated for Song of the Year at the 1993 Tejano Music Awards. The single peaked at number six on the US Billboard Top Latin Songs chart.
Selena released Live! in 1993, it was recorded during a free concert at the Memorial Coliseum in Corpus Christi, on February 7, 1993. The recording included previously released tracks which were sung live and three studio recordings; "No Debes Jugar", "La Llamada", and a duet with Tejano musician Emilio Navaira on "Tú Robaste Mi Corazón". The recordings "No Debes Jugar" and "La Llamada" peaked within the top five on the US Billboard Top Latin Songs chart. Live! won the Grammy Award for Best Mexican/American Album at the 36th Grammy Awards. In May 1994, Live! was named Album of the Year by the Billboard Latin Music Awards. At the 1994 Tejano Music Awards, Live! won Album of the Year, while at the 1994 Lo Nuestro Awards it was nominated for Regional Mexican Album of the Year. Live! was certified gold by the RIAA for shipments of 500,000 copies, while in Mexico it sold 250,000 units. Selena briefly played opposite Erik Estrada in a Mexican telenovela titled Dos Mujeres, Un Camino. In 1995 she entered negotiations to star in another telenovela produced by Emilio Larrosa. She appeared in two episodes which achieved a record rating for the series.
1994–95: Fashion venture, film debut, and Amor Prohibido
Aside from music, Selena began designing and manufacturing a clothing line in 1994 and opened two boutiques called Selena Etc., one in Corpus Christi and the other in San Antonio. Both were equipped with in-house beauty salons. She was in negoitations to open more stores in Monterrey, Mexico, and Puerto Rico. Saldivar served as the manager for both boutiques after the Quintanilla family were impressed with the way she managed the fan club. Hispanic Business magazine reported that the singer earned over five million dollars from these boutiques. She became the top twentieth wealthiest Hispanic musicians who grossed the highest incomes in 1993 and 1994. Selena released her fifth studio album, Amor Prohibido, in March 1994. The recording debuted at number three on the US Billboard Top Latin Albums chart and number one on the US Billboard Regional Mexican Albums charts. After peaking at number on the Top Latin Albums chart, the recording remained in the top five for the reminder of the year and into early 1995. Amor Prohibido became the second Tejano album to reach year-end sales of 500,000 copies, which previously only been accomplished by La Mafia, and became one of the best-selling Latin albums in the United States. The album spawned four number one singles; the title track, "Bidi Bidi Bom Bom", "No Me Queda Más", and "Fotos y Recuerdos".[b] The album was certified double Platinum by the RIAA for shipments of two million copies in the United States. Amor Prohibido was among the best selling US albums of 1995. Amor Prohibido was named on Tom Moon's list of 1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die: A Listener's Life List (2008).
The album's success made Tejano music popular among a younger and wider audience than at any other time in its history. The two singles, "No Me Queda Más" and the title track were the most successful US Latin singles of 1994 and 1995, respectively, according to Billboard magazine. The album's commercial success led Amor Prohibido a Grammy nomination for Best Mexican/American Album at the 37th Grammy Awards in 1995. It won Record of the Year at the 1995 Tejano Music Awards and Regional/Mexican Album of the Year at the 1995 Lo Nuestro Awards. Selena was named "one of Latin music's most successful touring acts" during her Amor Prohibido tour. After Amor Prohibido 's release Selena was considered "bigger than Tejano itself", and broke barriers in the Latin music world. She was called the "Queen of Tejano music" by many media outlets.[c] Sales of the album and its titular single represented Tejano music's first commercial success in Puerto Rico. Selena recorded a duet with the Barrio Boyzz entitled "Donde Quiera Que Estés", released on their album of the same name in 1994. The song got to number one on the Top Latin Songs chart, which enabled Selena to tour in New York City, Argentina, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Central America, where she was not well known. In late 1994, EMI chairman Charles Koppelman felt that Selena had succeed her goals in the Spanish-speaking market. He wanted to propel Selena as an English-language American solo pop artist. Selena continued touring while EMI began preparing the crossover album with Grammy Award winning composers. By the time Selena performed to a record-breaking sold out concert at the Houston Astrodome in February 1995, work had already begun on her crossover album. In 1995, Selena made a cameo appearance in Don Juan DeMarco, which starred Marlon Brando, Johnny Depp and Faye Dunaway.
The Quintanilla family named Saldivar the manager of Selena's boutiques in early 1994. Eight months later, Selena signed Saldívar as her registered agent in San Antonio, Texas. After the agreement, Saldivar moved from San Antonio to Corpus Christi to be closer to Selena. In December 1994, the boutiques began to suffer after the number of staff for both stores decreased. According to staff members, Saldivar largely fired anyone she personally did not like. Staff members at the store constantly complained about Saldivar's behavior to Selena who dismissed the claims, believing that her "friend" wouldn't negatively impose on her fashion venture. According to Quintanilla, Jr. the staff then turned their attention to him and began informing him about Saldivar. Quintanilla, Jr. took the claims serious and informed Selena to "be careful" and that Saldivar may not be a good influence. She dismissed her father's inquires since he had always distrusted people in the past. By January 1995, claims from Selena's cousin, her fashion designer Martin Gomez, and clients, expressed their concerns over Saldivar's behavior and management skills. During an interview with Saldívar in 1995, reporters from The Dallas Morning News believed that Saldívar's devotion to Selena bordered on obsession.
According to Quintanilla, Jr. it was not until January when he began receiving phone calls from fans who reportedly paid their membership for the Selena fan club and received nothing, that he began an investigation. Upon investigation, Quintanilla, Jr. discovered that Saldívar was embezzling more than $60,000 in forged checks from both the fan club and the boutiques. Quintanilla, Jr. held a meeting the night of March 9 with Selena and Suzette, at Q-Productions to confront Saldívar. Quintanilla, Jr. presented Saldívar with the inconsistencies concerning the disappearing funds. Quintanilla, Jr. told Saldívar that if she didn't come up with evidence that disproved his accusations, then he was going to get the police involved. Quintanilla, Jr. banned Saldivar from having any contact with Selena. However, Selena did not want to dissolve their friendship; she felt that Saldívar was essential to whether the clothing line would take off in Mexico. Selena also wanted to keep Saldívar close because she had bank records, statements and financial records necessary for tax preparation.
On the morning of March 31, 1995, Selena met up with Saldívar at her Days Inn motel room in Corpus Christi. At the motel, Selena demanded the financial papers; Saldívar delayed the handover by claiming she had been raped in Mexico. The singer then drove Saldívar to Doctors Regional Hospital where doctors found no evidence of rape. At 11:48 am, Saldívar drew the gun from her purse and pointed it at Selena. As Selena attempted to flee, Saldívar shot her once on the right lower shoulder, severing an artery and resulting in a massive loss of blood. Critically wounded, Selena ran towards the lobby, leaving a trail of blood 392 feet (119 m) long. She collapsed on the floor as the clerk called 9-1-1, with Saldívar still chasing after her and calling her a "bitch". Before collapsing, she named Saldívar as her assailant and gave the number of the room where she had been shot. Meanwhile, Saldívar got into her pickup truck and attempted to leave the motel. However, she was spotted by a responding police cruiser. Saldívar surrendered after nearly nine-and-a-half hours of a standoff between police and the FBI. By that time, hundreds of fans had gathered at the scene; many wept as police took Saldívar away. Since the bullet had pierced an artery, after 50 minutes the doctors realized that the damage was irreparable. Selena was pronounced dead at 1:05 pm from blood loss and cardiac arrest.
Selena's murder had a widespread impact. Her death reaction was compared to the deaths of musicians John Lennon, Elvis Presley, and the assassination of US president John F. Kennedy. Major networks interrupted their regular programming to break the news; Tom Brokaw referred to Selena as "The Mexican Madonna". It was front page news on The New York Times for two days after her death. Numerous vigils and memorials were held in her honor, and radio stations in Texas played her music non-stop. Her funeral drew 60,000 mourners, many of whom traveled from outside the United States. The news struck the Hispanic community extremely hard; many traveled thousands of miles to Selena's house, boutiques and the crime scene. By mid-afternoon, police were asked to form a detour as a line of automobiles began backing up traffic from the Quintanillas' houses. Among the celebrities who were reported to have contact the Quintanilla family to express their condolences were Gloria Estefan, Celia Cruz, Julio Iglesias, and Madonna. Other celebrities took to radio stations to expressed their thoughts about Selena's death, including Stefanie Ridel, Jaime DeAnda (of Los Chamacos), and Shelly Lares. A People magazine issue was released several days after her murder. Its publishers believed that interest would soon wane; they released a commemorative issue within a week when it became apparent that it was growing. The issue sold nearly a million copies, selling the entire first and second run within two weeks. It became a collector's item, a first in the history of People. Betty Cortina, editor of People, told Biography that they never had an issue that was completely sold out; "it was unheard of". In the following months the company released People en Español (aimed at the Hispanic market), due to the success of the Selena issue. This was followed by Newsweek en Espanol and Latina magazine.
A few days later, Howard Stern mocked Selena's murder and burial, poked fun at her mourners, and criticized her music. Stern said, "This music does absolutely nothing for me. Alvin and the Chipmunks have more soul ... Spanish people have the worst taste in music. They have no depth." Stern's comments outraged and infuriated the Hispanic community in Texas. Stern played Selena's songs with gunshots in the background. After a disorderly conduct arrest warrant was issued in his name, Stern made an on-air statement, in Spanish, for his comments that he stressed were not made to cause "more anguish to her family, friends and those who loved her." The League of United Latin American Citizens boycotted Stern's show, finding his apology unacceptable. Texas retailers removed any products that were related with Stern, while Sears and McDonald's sent out a disapproval letter to the media that addressed their stance against Stern's comments, after fans believed they sponsored his show. Within a week, on NBC's The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Stern and Robin Quivers (his African-American co-host) were asked if Stern's remarks about Selena were acceptable. Quivers decided not to talk about the situation, to avoid arguing with Stern. When Linda Ronstadt (a pop singer of Mexican-American heritage) appeared on the show, she and Quivers quickly got into an argument when Ronstadt defended Selena.
On April 12, 1995, two weeks after her death, George W. Bush (governor of Texas at the time) declared her birthday Selena Day in Texas. Some European Americans in Texas wrote to the editor of the Brazosport Facts during April and May, asking what the big deal was; some were also offended that Selena Day fell on Easter Sunday. Others agreed that "Easter is more important than Selena Day", and believed that everyone should let Selena rest in peace and go on with their lives. Mexican Americans in Texas wrote vociferously to the newspaper. Some agreed that others were too critical of Selena Day, and stated that they didn't need to celebrate the day and should not have responded so rudely. In October 1995, a Houston jury convicted Saldívar of first-degree murder and sentenced her to life in prison, with the possibility of parole in 2025. Under a judge's order, the gun used to kill Selena was destroyed in 2002, and the pieces thrown into Corpus Christi Bay. However, fans and historians disapproved of the decision to destroy the gun citing that the event was historical and the gun should have been in a museum.
Selena's vocal range was soprano. In an April 1995 interview with Billboard magazine, Behar explained that he saw Selena as a "cross between Janet Jackson and Whitney Houston in style, feel, and vocal range." Although Selena did not write most of her songs, she incorporated R&B, Latin pop, techno-pop, country western, and disco into her Tejano music repertoire. Mario Tarradell of The Dallas Morning News, writes that Selena "merges Tejano's infectious cumbia rhythm with street-savvy R&B, old-school soul, dancehall reggae, sizzling salsa, and trippy, loopy funk." during her musical career. Selena's recordings expressed "love and pain, as well as strength and passion." according to Charles Tatum. She also recorded independently driven, female-empowerment themed compositions; "Si La Quieres", "¿Qué Creías?", "Ya Ves" and "Ya No", which centered around wrongful relationships and empowering battered women. Peter Watrous of The New York Times believed that Selena's voice "sometimes quivered" and that she "roughed it up a bit. At its best, it had a coolness, a type of unadorned passion". Ilan Stavans called her music as "cursi--melodramatic, cheesy, overemotional, not too far from Juan Gabriel and a relative of Iglesias." Richard Corliss of Time magazine believed that her songs "are perky, cheerful rather than soulful." and that earlier recordings "with their tinny, Tijuana Brass charts, and keyboards that evoke calliopes, are ideal for the fairground or merry-go-round." Corliss calls Selena's singing as an "expert mimicry of everything from Édith Piaf's melodramatic contralto to the coloratura riffs of Mariah Carey. But the sounds are still lightly Hispanic."
"Dreaming of You", an English-language recording, became one of four English cuts Selena recorded for her crossover from Spanish into English pop music.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Newsweek magazine called Selena's English offerings as "a blend of urban pop and Latin warmth." Texas Monthly believed that Selena's brother modernized her music into more "funk and hip hop". Selena's use of emotive range during her musical career has been praised by critics as being her trademark. For Ven Conmigo (1990), Quintanilla III wrote more Cumbia-influenced recordings, which Ramiro Burr of Billboard praised as being Selena's "increasing prowess". Italian essayist, Gaetano Prampolini, wrote that "Selena's voice projected a sonorous warmth and joyfulness." during her review on her Cumbia recordings in her book The Shade of the Saguaro / La sombra del saguaro (2013). In his review of the remix album, Enamorada de Ti (2012), Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic wrote that Selena's songs were "rooted in the '90s and sound that way", and altering the recordings to "update it" was unfeasible.
Quintanilla, Jr. sought out to maintain Selena's image clean and family-oriented. In 1989, Selena was asked to sponsor beer companies, however, her father turned them down. Selena was often turned down from Tejano venues because she was a female singer in a male-dominated music scene. Manuel Peña wrote in his book Música Tejana: The Cultural Economy of Artistic Transformation, that after 1989, Selena's popularity increased and she became a sex icon following her EMI Latin debut album. Charles Tatum asserted that most of the attention on Selena were her "beauty, sexuality, and youthful impact on the Tejano music scene." Selena responded on her growing image as a sex icon, commenting that she never wanted to record suggestive songs because of the way she was brought up and that her fan base consisted largely of young children, who looked up to Selena as a role model. She further commented on the question of her sexual appeal to men during her crossover attempt, asserting that she will "stay the same" and that her English-language recordings will refrain from foul language and themes on sex. María Celeste Arrarás wrote in her 1997 investigative book on Selena's death, that the singer was a "sweet and charismatic girl". According to Arrarás, Selena "trusted everyone" who often went to the mall alone, despite her father's concerns over her safety.
Betty Cortina of People magazine, commented on Selena's provocative choice of clothing as an acceptable emulation of Janet Jackson and Madonna, and said that she "[wore] sexy outfits that extenuated a body of a Latina woman." Cortina also stated that Selena had a "flamboyant style, an unbelievable body, curves and booty." Arrarás wrote that Selena "began wearing clothes designed to emphasize her curvaceous figure." and that she "never came across as cheap-simply sexy." She also commented on her makeup regimen as not being "painted up or vulgar." Arrarás also noted her "fun-loving stage manner" and that she was "playful onstage and off." Matt S. Meier wrote in his book The Mexican American Experience: An Encyclopedia (2010), that Selena exhibited "contagious energy" during her concerts and that she displayed "warmth, passion, and sexuality" while exuded a "down-to-Earth persona of the wholesome young girl next door." Selena was known to wear outfits that accented her physical attributes and was also not afraid to wear costumes or outfits that she liked, despite criticism from parents of young children who felt that Selena's choice of outfits were inappropriate for young girls who began emulating Selena. Selena's views on public image in the fashion industry were bothersome, she explained that she was against the image that all woman should be "rail-thin" and the notion that they must wear certain outfits and be "super-young to be beautiful."
In the early 1990s, Selena began wearing decorative bustiers, spandex or tight pants, and attractive unbutton jackets during her concerts. She was inspired by Paula Abdul, Janet Jackson, and Madonna. During a 1992 interview, Selena expressed that her choice of clothing does not reflect who she is as a person. NBC News called Selena's outfit "provocative". Because of her choice of outfits and dance moves, she was named by her fans as the "Mexican Madonna". According to Suzette, Selena often designed and sow her own outfits backstage with her designers, moments before she is due to be on stage. Quintanilla, Jr. disapproved of Selena's outfits, however, he later accepted it when Selena discussed about it being a fashion trend. Selena became an inactive member of the Jehovah's Witnesses due to her exotic clothing. During the photo shoot for Entre a Mi Mundo (1992), a photographer remarked on how Selena's choice of clothing effected Quintanilla, Jr. tremendously who often left sessions when Selena would appear in suggestive outfits. Selena was credited as being the first women to change the minds of people about feminine beauty, she also started that movement, and was also trailblazing for other female artists during her career.
Following Selena's death, the singer drew criticism from celebrities who questioned her role model status among Hispanic women. Hispanic filmmaker Lourdes Portillo expressed concerns on whether or not Selena was a great role model to young women in her documentary about the singer in 1999. Portillo believed that Selena was sending the wrong message to young girls by dancing in clothing that suggested hypersexualization. American author Sandra Cisneros, agreed with Portillo's assessment that Selena was "not a good role model to Latina women". Media outlets also shared Portillo's comments and believed that the "fairy tale story" of Selena was one that her family would want to preserve, questioning Quintanilla, Jr.'s role for pushing an image that Selena had "never made mistakes" into the media, calling it "lies" and "not the real story".
During her childhood Selena helped organizations such as Toys for Tots. Selena was active in the Latino community in the United States. She visited local schools to talk to students about the importance of education. She attended and educated a gathering of two-hundred high school students in Fulmore Junior High School in Austin, about positive attitudes and setting life-goals for achievements in their adult life. Selena urged children to stay in school throughout her talk sessions in school districts in Texas, she also told children that alcohol and drugs will lead them no where in life. She spent her free time helping her community. Selena performed in Washington D.C. to celebrate the forming of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus. Following the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew, Selena helped victims in Florida by performing at a Houston benefit concert.
In August 1994, Selena hosted a charity baseball game to raise money for unspecified charities. She also donated her time to civic organizations such as D.A.R.E. and planned a fund raising concert to help AIDS patients. Selena participated with the Texas Prevention Partnership which was sponsored by the Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse (Dep Corporation), which released an educational video that was sent to students for free. Her pro-education videos included "My Music" and "Selena Agrees". She was in the works for a Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas Boys & Girls Clubs of America benefit concert.
In January 1995, Selena headlined the Teach the Children festival in the Mercado in San Antonio. The concert funded a non-profit program to provide school supplies to needy children. Selena was a spokesperson for battered woman who were in an abusive relationship. She also helped out at homeless shelters for children and adults. According to the A&E television series Biography, Selena's fans were minorities in the world and encouraged them to be the best they can be. Her biggest fear was that no one would come watch her perform at her concerts.
Legacy and influence
Selena has been credited for helping redefine Latin music and its subgenres of Tejano, Cumbia, and Latin pop. Selena broke unprecedented barriers in the Latin music world. She was considered "one of the most significant Mexican American singers of the end of the twentieth century." Selena also became one of the "most celebrated cultural products" in the United States and Mexico borders. Hispanics elevated Selena into a sainthood-like status, with Arrarás expressing that any negative attributes from anyone in regards to the singer was a death wish. Selena was called the "Queen of Tejano music", described as "the most important and popular Tejano star of all time." Her death marked "the most devastating loss" in Tejano music history. At the time of her death, Selena became one of the most widely known Mexican-American vocal artists and most popular Latin artist in the United States. She had a "cult-like" following among Hispanics. Latin Post called the singer "one of the most iconic artists in Latin American music history", while The New York Times called her "arguably the most important Latina musician in the country, on her way to becoming one of the most important, period." Selena became a household name in the United States and in Mexico following her death and became part of the American pop culture. She became more popular in death than when she was alive. Her popularity after death among the Hispanic population was compared to the popularity of Marilyn Monroe and Madonna in Anglo-Americans. Selena was named "one of the most popular Latina singers of the 1990s." Selena's popularity were drawn in by the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community and minority groups of the United States. Tejano music has not recovered since her murder, its popularity wane following Selena's death. John Lannert of Billboard stated that when Selena died the "Tejano market died with her." in an interview with Biography in 2007.
Selena's crossover album that she was working on at the time of her death, Dreaming of You, was released posthumously in July 1995. The recording sold 175,000 copies its day of release in the U.S.—a then-record for a female vocalist—and sold 331,000 copies its first week. Selena became the third female artist in history to sell over 300,000 units in one week, after Janet Jackson and Mariah Carey. It debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart, becoming the first album by a Hispanic artist to do so. Dreaming of You helped Selena to become the first solo artist to debut a posthumous album at number one. The recording was among the top ten best-selling debuts for a musician, and was the best-selling debut by a female act. Dreaming of You joined five of Selena's studio albums on the Billboard 200 chart simultaneously, making Selena the first female artist in Billboard history to accomplish this feat. The album was certified 35x platinum by the RIAA, for shipping more than 3.5 million copies in the U.S. alone. As of 2015, the recording has sold five million copies worldwide, becoming the best-selling Latin album of all-time in the United States. Joey Guerra of the Houston Chronicle commented in 2008 that its lead single, "I Could Fall in Love", had "made the Tejano goddess a posthumous crossover star". Her death was believed to have sparked an interest in Latin music by people who were unaware of its existence. It was also believed that her death had "open the doors" to other Latin musicians such as Jennifer Lopez, Ricky Martin, and Shakira.
In the same year, the United States Social Security Administration ranked the name Selena one of the 100 most popular names for newborn girls. In December 1999, Selena was named the "top Latin artist of the '90s" and "Best selling Latin artist of the decade" by Billboard for her fourteen top-ten singles in the Top Latin Songs chart, including seven number-one hits. She was the best-selling Latin female singer of the 1990s in the US and Mexico. Selena was named "Best Female Vocalist of the '80s" and "Best Female Vocalist of the '90s" at the 2010 Tejano Music Awards. There has been continuing belief that Selena would have achieved greater career success had it not been for her death. Selena's work has influenced a number of entertainers including Beyoncé, Demi Lovato, Lady Gaga, Nelly Furtado, Ricky Martin, Paula DeAnda, Yolanda Pérez, 3LW, Marc Anthony, Christina Aguilera, Shakira, Ivy Queen, Fanny Lú, Don Omar, Kat DeLuna, Eva Longoria, Wyclef Jean, Daddy Yankee, Aventura, Jennifer Peña, Angelo Garcia, Jenni Rivera, David Archuleta, Tito Nieves, Manny Manuel, Girl in a Coma, Karen Rodriguez, Solange Knowles, Katy Perry, Drake, Ashlee Simpson, Q'orianka Kilcher, Selena Gomez, Enrique Iglesias, Becky G, and Meghan Trainor. Mariah Carey remarked on her death during an interview with MTV stating that Selena's death was shocking to her because of "the way it had happened so abruptly in a young life." George W. Bush, who declared April 16 as Selena Day in Texas, said that Selena represented "the essence of south Texas culture." who never forgot where she came from. Talk show host and philanthropist Oprah Winfrey, called Selena's life "short but significant" during her March 1997 episode of The Oprah Winfrey Show.
Posthumous film and honors
In the months following her death, a number of honors and tributes were erected. Several proposals were brought into question such as renaming streets, public parks, food products, and auditoriums. The Spirit of Hope Award was created in Selena's honor in 1996, and was awarded to Latin artists who participated in humanitarian and civic causes. On March 16, 2011, the United States Postal Service released a "Latin Legends" memorial stamp to honor Selena, Carlos Gardel, Tito Puente, Celia Cruz, and Carmen Miranda. In February 2014, the Albany, NY Times Union named her one of "100 Coolest Americans in History". In 1997 Selena was commemorated with a museum and a bronze life-sized statue (Mirador de la Flor in Corpus Christi), which are visited by hundreds of fans each week.
Selena was inducted into the Billboard Latin Music Hall of Fame, the Hard Rock Cafe's Hall of Fame in 1995, the South Texas Music Hall of Fame, and the Tejano Music Hall of Fame in 2001. She was named one of the 20 most influential Texans of all time. She was ranked fifth of the "100 most influential Latin musicians of the 20th century" according to the Orange County Register. The singer has been called a slew of honorific titles by media outlets; including the "Queen of Latin music", the "Chicana Elvis", the "Queen of hybrid pop culture", the "Hispanic Marilyn Monroe", the "Tupac Shakur of Latin music", the "Corpus Christi queen", and the "people's princess". She has been compared to Madonna by the media more than any other celebrity, in terms of her fashion sense.
Mexican actress Salma Hayek was originally asked to play the role of Selena in a biopic film produced by the Quintanilla family and Warner Bros. Hayek turned the role down, feeling that it was "too early" to base a movie on Selena and that it would be too emotional since Selena's death was still being covered on national television. Puerto Rican American actress Jennifer Lopez replaced Hayek, which drew criticism because of her ancestry. Over 21,000 people auditioned for the title role, becoming the second largest turn out since the search for Scarlett O'Hara in Gone With the Wind in 1939. Gregory Nava served as the director for the film, which was released on March 21, 1997. After the film's release, fans changed their views on Lopez after seeing her performance in the movie. Selena opened in 1,850 theaters worldwide and grossed $11,615,722, making it the second-highest debut for that week. With a production budget of $20 million, the film grossed a total of $35 million domestically. The film was a commercial and critical success and is often cited by critics as Lopez' breakout role. Lopez catapulted into pop culture and the film's success was credited as helping Lopez become a recognized Latin entertainer.
Selena's family and her former band, Los Dinos, held a tribute concert a week after the 10th anniversary of her murder on April 7, 2005. The concert, entitled Selena ¡VIVE!, was broadcast live on Univision and achieved a 35.9 household rating. It was the highest-rated and most-viewed Spanish-language television special in the history of American television. The special was also the number-one program (regardless of language) among adults ages 18 to 34 in Los Angeles, Chicago and San Francisco; it tied for first in New York, beating that night's episode of Fox's American Idol. Among Hispanic viewers, Selena ¡VIVE! outperformed Super Bowl XLV between the Packers and the Steelers and the telenovela Soy tu dueña during the "most-watched NFL season ever among Hispanics".
In 1999, a Broadway-bound musical entitled Selena was scheduled to premiere in San Antonio in March 2000 to commemorate the fifth anniversary of her murder. Broadway producers Tom Quinn, Jerry Frankel, Peter Fitzgerald and Michael Vega staged the musical, and Edward Gallardo wrote the show's book and lyrics. Fernando Rivas composed the show's songs. In 2000, Selena Forever was first produced for a 30-city national tour with a budget of over US$2 million. After a national casting call, producers chose Veronica Vasquez to portray Selena; Vasquez alternated in the role with Rebecca Valdez. The musical previewed on March 21, and opened on March 23 at the San Antonio Municipal Auditorium.
- Selena (1989)
- Ven Conmigo (1990)
- Entre a Mi Mundo (1992)
- Amor Prohibido (1994)
- Dreaming of You (1995)
|1995||Don Juan DeMarco||Mariachi singer||Minor role/cameo appearance (posthumous release)|
Appearances as self in life
|1984-1994||Johnny Canales Show||herself||Music performer guest|
|1986—1995||Tejano Music Awards||herself||Honoree|
|1993||Dos Mujeres, un Camino||herself||Appeared in two episodes|
|1994||Sábado gigante||herself||Talk show guest|
|1994||Cristina Show||herself||Talk show guest|
|1995||Latin Nights||herself||TV documentary|
Tribute concerts, biographical programming, and catalog releases
|1997||The Final Notes||herself||Documentary|
|1998||Behind The Music||herself||Episode: Selena|
|2001||Selena Live! The Last Concert||herself||Her last televised concert that was filmed in February 1995|
|2001||Greatest Hits||herself||Music videos|
|2007||Queen of Tejano music||herself||Documentary|
True crime documentaries
|1995||E! True Hollywood Story||Episode: The Selena Murder Trail|
|1998||American Justice||Episode: Selena Murder of a Star|
|2001||The Greatest||Episode: 100 Most Shocking Moments in Rock and Roll History|
|2003||101||Episode: 101 Most Shocking Moments in Entertainment|
|2010||Famous Crime Scene||Episode: Selena|
|2012||100 Most Shocking Music Moments||Documentary|
|2012||Reel Crime/Reel Story||Episode: Selena|
|2014||Snapped||Episode: Selena Death of a Superstar|
- Honorific nicknames in popular music
- Music of Texas
- List of awards and nominations received by Selena
- List of Hispanic and Latino Americans
- List of people on stamps of the United States
- List of Selena concert tours
- According to a book written by Stacy Lee, she reports sales of 300,000 units, while María Celeste Arrarás wrote in her book that the album sold 385,000 units in Mexico.
- "Fotos Y Recuerdos" peaked at number one posthumously in April 1995. "Amor Prohibido", "Bidi Bidi Bom Bom", and "No Me Queda Mas" peaked at number one before Selena's death.
- Outlets describing Selena as "Queen of Tejano music" includes: Entertainment Weekly, Billboard magazine, Los Angeles Magazine, Vibe magazine, The Huffington Post, and The New York Times.
- "Still Missing Selena: Here Are 6 Reasons Why.". NBC News. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- "A 17 años de su trágica muerte, Selena Quintanilla vuelve en grande.". E! Online (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- Patoski 1996, p. 30.
- Pérez Dávila, Angie (March 31, 2005). "A 10 años de la muerte de Selena". Noticieros Televisa (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 October 2011.
- Patoski 1996, p. 20.
- "Selena, the Queen of Tejano Music". Legacy.com. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- Bernstein, Ellen (April 16, 1997). "Birthday hoopla is prohibited". Corpus Christi Caller-Times. Corpus Christi, Texas. Archived from the original on April 3, 2009. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
- Hewitt, Bill (April 17, 1995). "Before Her Time". People 43 (15). Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- "Viva Selena!". Los Angeles Daily News. August 24, 1994. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- Howe Verhovek, Sam (April 1, 1995). "Grammy Winning Singer Selena Killed in Shooting at Texas Motel". The New York Times. p. 1.
- "Latin singer Selena killed in Texas motel". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. April 1, 1995. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- Patoski 1996, p. 53.
- Mitchell, Rick (May 21, 1995). "Selena, the making of the queen of Tejano". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2007-07-09. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 58.
- Patoski 1996, p. 59.
- Patoski 1996, p. 111.
- Orozco, Cynthia. "Quintanilla, Selena". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 56.
- Schone, Mark (October 31, 2004). "Sweet Music". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- Miguel 2002, p. 118.
- Sobek 2012, p. 631.
- Miguel 2002, p. 3.
- "Latin Music USA". 30 minutes in. PBS. "Selena wanted to sing American pop music, but her father had learned some hard lessons playing music in Texas with a band he'd had years before called Los Dinos"
- Arrarás 1997, p. 256.
- Morales, Tatiana (October 16, 2002). "Fans, Family Remember Selena". CBS News. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- Arrarás 1997, pp. 56-57.
- Patoski 1996, p. 63.
- Cecilia Miniucchi (director), Edward James Olmos (narrator), Jeffrey Coulter (producer) (1997). Selena Remembered (VHS/DVD) (in English, Spanish). EMI Latin, Q-Productions. Event occurs at 60.
- "Queen of Tejano Music, Selena special". 2007. 18 minutes in. Q-Productions.
- Gershman, Rick (18 March 1997). "Selena's legacy". St. Petersburg Times (Times Publishing Company). Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Lopetegui, Enrique (8 April 1995). "A Crossover Dream Halted Prematurely, Tragically Some Ambitious Plans Were Under Way to Bring Selena to Mainstream U.S. Audience". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
- Minnick, Doug (24 September 2010). "Jose Behar, interview". Taxi A&R. Retrieved 24 September 2010.
- Morales, Ed (2003). The Latin beat : the rhythms and roots of Latin music from bossa nova to salsa and beyond (1st ed.). Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306810182. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- Selena at AllMusic
- "Selena (artist) > Chart history > Regional Mexican Albums > Selena". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Peña 1999, p. 205.
- Orozco, Cynthia E. Quintanilla Pérez, Selena. The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved on 29 May 2009.
- Pérez 2012, p. 9.
- Pérez 2012, p. 12.
- Pérez 2012, p. 28.
- Novas 1995, p. 50.
- Pérez 2012, p. 49.
- Pérez 2012, p. 52.
- Jones 2000, p. 23.
- Patoski 1996, p. 110.
- "Selena > Discography". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media) 107 (23). 10 June 1995. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Castrellón, Cristina (31 August 2007). Selena: su vida después de su muerte (in Spanish). Penguin Random House Grupo Editorial México. ISBN 9786071110367. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
(Spanish, original) El motivo era celebrar que Selena había ganado su primer Disco de Oro al rabasar las 150 mil copias vendidas de su disco Baila Esta Cumbia, el primero que salio en Mexico. (English, translate) The occasion was to celebrate that Selena had won her first gold record of 150 thousand copies sold of her album Baila Esta Cumbia, who first came to Mexico.
- "Disco de Oro y Platino a Viene de la Uno". El Siglo de Torreón (in Spanish). 13 December 1993. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Patoski 1996, p. 134.
- Reports, Wire (1 April 1995). "Gunshot Silences Singing Sensation Selena At Age 23". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
- Soto, Manuel (30 December 2004). "Alvaro Torres: el antigalán de la canción". Hoy (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- "Peniston Leads Music Video Nominees". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media) 104 (42). 17 October 1992. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- "Past Tejano Music Awards Winners". TejanoMusicAwards.com. Texas Talent Association. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- Parédez 2009, p. 259.
- Lannert, John (10 June 1995). "Beloved Selena Enters Latin Music Hall of Fame". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media) 107 (23). Retrieved 2 May 2013.
- Pérez 2012, p. 72.
- Pérez 2012, p. 73.
- Pérez 2012, p. 75.
- Aguila, Justino (22 March 2012). "Selena's Widower Shows a Different Side of Singer in New Book (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- Novas 1995, p. 53.
- Gostin, Nicki (30 March 2012). "Chris Perez on his book 'To Selena, With Love'". CNN. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- Pérez 2012, p. 79.
- Pérez 2012, p. 93.
- Pérez 2012, p. 99.
- Jones 2000, p. 26.
- Pérez 2012, p. 105.
- Tarradell, Mario (16 July 1995). "Dreaming of Selena A new album celebrates what she was but only hints at what she could have become". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 18 November 2011. (subscription required)
- "Record company planning Selena retrospective". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 12 April 1995. Retrieved 18 November 2011. (subscription required)
- Burr, Ramiro (18 July 1995). "Selena crosses over to pop – Posthumous release a reminder of talent cut short". San Antonio-Express News. Retrieved 18 November 2011. (subscription required)
- Burr, Ramiro (20 May 1993). "Awards recognize Latin musicians". Austin American Statesmen. Retrieved 18 November 2011. (subscription required)
- Lannert, John (10 June 1995). "A Retrospective". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media) 107 (23): 112. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "Certificaciones – Selena" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- Stacy 2002, p. 746.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 104.
- "Selena Soundtrack Hints At Tejano Singer's Appeal". Miami Herald. 18 March 1997. Retrieved 18 November 2011. (subscription required)
- "Soundtrack Doesn't Capture Selena's Allure". San Jose Mercury News. 21 March 1997. Retrieved 18 November 2011. (subscription required)
- Clark 2013, p. 120.
- Tarradell, Mario (16 March 1997). "Selena's Power: Culture Fusion". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- Malone 2003, p. 158.
- "Music Scene". Philadelphia Inquirer. 23 May 1993. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "Billboard Charts > Selena > Top Latin Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- Patoski 1996, p. 135.
- "Allmusic > Selena Awards". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
- Lannert, John (May 21, 1994). "Latin Music Conference". Billboard 106 (21): 112. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- "Tejano Music Awards Past Award Winners". TejanoMusicAwards.com. Archived from the original on August 15, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- González, Fernando (May 16, 1994). "Lo Nuestro, Billboard Honor Latin Singers". The Miami Herald (The McClatchy Company). (subscription required (. ))
- Lannert, John (September 2, 1995). "The Selena Phenomenon". Billboard 107 (35): 120. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- Patoski 1996, p. 120.
- Jasinski 2012.
- Patoski 1996, p. 146.
- "Selena – Life Events". Corpus Christi Caller Times. March 27, 2005. Archived from the original on May 13, 2006. Retrieved June 7, 2006.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 51.
- "Top Latin Albums > Week of April 9, 1994". Billboard.com. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "Regional Mexican Albums > Week of 9 April 1994". Billboard.com. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- Lannert, John (22 April 1995). "Selena's Albums Soar". Billboard 107 (16). Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- Patoski 1996, p. 152.
- Tarradell, Mario (April 1, 1995). "Singer soared beyond traditional limits on Tejano music". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
- Parédez 2009, p. 47.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 34.
- Lannert, John (10 June 1995). "Beloved Selena Enters The Latin Music Hall of Fame". Billboard 107 (23): 112. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- "Selena's Chart Performance". Billboard. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- "American album certifications – Selena – Amor Prohibido". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Ramiro Burr (April 14, 1995). "Five Selena albums reach Billboard 200". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- Moon 2008, p. 990.
- Miguel 2002, p. 110.
- "Born on the Border". Newsweek. October 22, 1995. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- "Topping The Charts Year By Year". Billboard 110 (48): LMQ3. November 28, 1998. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
- Rivas, Jorge (March 31, 2011). "Remembering Selena's Trailblazing Music". Colorlines. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
- Alisa Valdes (April 7, 1995). "Loving Selena, fans loved themselves". Boston Globe. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- Harrington, Richard (July 26, 1995). "Slain Tejano Singer's Album Tops Pop Chart". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Schone, Mark (April 20, 1995). "A Postmortem Star In death, Selena is a crossover success". Newsday. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
- Cortina, Betty (26 March 1999). "A Sad Note". Entertainment Weekly (478). Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- Lannert, John (6 April 1996). "Tejano Music Awards: Bigger, But Not Necessarily Better". Billboard 108 (14). Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- Katz, Jesse (December 2002). "The Curse of Zapata". Los Angeles Magazine 47 (12). Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- "The Year In Review". Vibe 6 (7). September 1998. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- Hernandez, Lee (April 15, 2012). "Selena Quintanilla: Remembering The Queen Of Tejano Music On Her Birthday". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
- Verhovek, Sam. "Grammy-Winning Singer Selena Killed in Shooting at Texas Motel". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "Chart history > Selena > Donde Quiera Que Estes". AllMusic. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
- Patoski 1996, p. 123.
- Jones 2013, p. 14.
- Patoski 1996, p. 115.
- "Selena: Singer was on the verge of mainstream stardom". The Atlanta Journal. 5 April 1995. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Patoski 1996, p. 182.
- Patoski 1996, p. 170.
- Patoski 1996, p. 171.
- Patoski 1996, p. 183.
- "12 October 1995 testimony of Carla Anthony". Houston Chronicle, October 12, 1995. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- Hewitt, Bill (April 17, 1995). "Before Her Time – Death, Murder, Selena". People. Retrieved June 8, 2010.
- "Famous Crime Scene". Season 1. March 12, 2010. 30 minutes in. VH1.
- "12 October 1995, the testimony of Norma Martinez". Houston Chronicle, October 12, 1995. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
- "Friday, 13 October, testimony of Shawna Vela". Houston Chronicle, October 13, 1995. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
- Villafranca, Armando and Reinert, Patty. "Singer Selena shot to death". Houston Chronicle, April 1, 1995. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
- Jasinski 2012, p. 254.
- "In the spirit of Selena: Tributes, a book and an impending film testify to the Tejano singer's enduring". by Gregory Rodriguez. Pacific News, March 21, 1997. Retrieved on July 18, 2006.
- Patoski 1996, p. 174.
- Patoski 1996, p. 199.
- Jesse Katz (April 2, 1995). "For Barrio, Selena's Death Strikes a Poignant Chord Tragedy: Fans descend on superstar's home in Texas community. Idolized singer didn't forget her roots". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- Patoski 1996, p. 200.
- Patoski 1996, p. 165.
- Patoski 1996, p. 201.
- Lannert, John (1995). "Latin pride". Billboard 107 (23): 112.
- "Biography TV Series, Selena episode" (in English). Biography. 26 November 2010. 60 minutes in. The Biography Channel.
- Muniz, Janet. "Bidi Bidi Bom Bom: The Audiotopias of Selena Across the Americas". Claremont.edu. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- Asin, Stephanie and Dyer, R.A. "Selena's public outraged: Shock jock Howard Stern's comments hit raw nerve." at the Wayback Machine (archived July 10, 2007) Houston Chronicle, April 6, 1995. Retrieved on February 1, 2008.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 24.
- Keveney, Bill (March 26, 1996). "Howard Stern Returns, by Syndication to Hartford Station he left in 1980". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- "A real shocker from Stern: Apology for Selena comments". New York Daily News. 7 Apr 1995. Retrieved 23 Nov 2013.
- Marikar, Sheila (14 May 2012). "Howard Stern's Five Most Outrageous Offenses". Good Morning America. ABC. Retrieved 23 Nov 2013.
- "Hispanics call Stern's apology for Selena remarks unacceptable". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. April 7, 1995. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Arrarás 1997, pp. 26-27.
- Patoski 1996, p. 227.
- "Selena's Biography TSHA". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
- Reports, Wire (April 14, 1995). "Sunday's Selena Day". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
- Patoski 1996, p. 225.
- Patoski 1996, p. 226.
- Graczyk, Michael. "Selena's killer gets life" at the Wayback Machine (archived April 5, 2007). Associated Press, October 26, 1995. Retrieved on February 1, 2008.
- Patoski 1996, p. 230.
- "National Briefing Southwest: Texas: Gun That Killed Singer Is To Be Destroyed" The New York Times, June 8, 2002. Retrieved on July 16, 2006.
- Compiled, Items (June 11, 2002). "Gun used in slaying of Selena destroyed". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
- Mendoza, Madalyn (27 February 2015). "28 reasons Selena makes our hearts go 'bidi bidi bom bom'". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Burr, Ramiro (April 15, 1995). "EMI Set Honors Selena's Memory". Billboard 107 (15). Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Ilan 2014, p. 668.
- Stacy 2002, p. 745.
- Moreno 2010, p. 282.
- Gutiérrez 2003, p. 122.
- Tatum 2013, p. 1032.
- Patoski 1996, p. 121.
- Watrous, Peter (30 July 1995). "Recordings View;; Inklings of What Might Have Been". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Stavans, Ilan (20 November 1995). "Dreaming of You". New Republic. Retrieved 26 March 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- Corliss, Richard (24 June 2001). "Viva Selena". Time. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- "Selena's Posthumous Triumph". Newsweek. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- "Topics > Selena". Texas Monthly. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- Latin Style (45). 2002.
The song "My Love," was written by Selena and samples from contemporary pop influences. Other songs like "Sukiyaki" (a cover of Kyu Sakamoto's 1963 hit), "Amame, Quiéreme" (her first duet with Pete Astudillo), and the cumbia “Besitos”, played a pivotal role on how Selena mixed rhythm and sound, which became her trademark.Missing or empty
- Parédez 2009, p. 160.
- Burr, Ramiro (1999). The Billboard guide to Tejano and regional Mexican music (1st ed.). Billboard Books. ISBN 0823076911. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
Selena, had evolved a rhythmic style that demonstrated its increasing prowess for catchy cumbias such as "Baila Esta Cumbia".
- Prampolini 2013, p. 188.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Enamorada de Ti (Album review)". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- Peña 1999, p. 206.
- Pilchak 2005, p. 39.
- Parédez 2009, p. 141.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 23.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 38.
- Foley 1997, p. 16.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 59.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 60.
- Meier 2003, p. 372.
- Foley 1997, p. 24.
- Tiscareño-Sato 2011.
- Reyes, Paul (March 31, 2014). "Still Missing Selena: Here Are 6 Reasons Why". NBC News. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- Espinosa 2009, p. 359.
- Jones 2013, p. 88.
- Patoski 1996, p. 167.
- Patoski 1996, p. 117.
- Jasinski 2012, p. 457.
- "Corpus: A Home Movie For Selena". PBS. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- Fregoso 2010, p. 20.
- Rebolledo 2005, p. 126.
- Persall, Steve (21 March 1997). "Selena becomes more saint than singer". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 28 December 2011. (subscription required (. ))
- McLane, Daisann (18 March 1997). "Santa Selena Does The Movie's "Official" Version of The Slain Tejano Singer's Life Show's The True Picture?". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 28 December 2011. (subscription required (. ))
- Patoski 1996, p. 108.
- Jones 2013, p. 11.
- Patoski 1996, p. 150.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 61.
- Jones 2013, p. 9.
- Burr, John (26 March 1996). "Selena hits gold on, off stage - Singer's wedding, break-through album highlight of 1990". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Sickels 2013, p. 482.
- Parédez 2009, p. 12.
- Habell-Pallán 2002, p. 121.
- Vargas 2012, p. 188.
- Segura 2007, p. 477.
- Habell-Pallán 2002, p. 122.
- Quaintance, Zack (31 March 2010). "Remembering Selena". The Monitor. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Vargas 2012, p. 183.
- Espinosa 2009, p. 376.
- Gutmann 2008, p. 291.
- Negrón-Muntaner 2004, p. 229.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 129.
- Candelaria 2004, p. 755.
- Garcia 2002, p. 220.
- True, Philip (April 17, 1995). "Selena's fans may turn her into folk hero". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- Espinosa 2009, p. 377.
- Akoukou Thompson, Nicole (3 January 2014). "Selena, Shakira, Santana & More: The 100 Year History of Latin Music in the United States". Latin Post. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Pareles, Jon; Caramanica, Jon; Ratliff, Ben; Chinen, Nate; Holden, Stephen (26 November 2010). "Wow! Every Song What's-His-Name Ever Recorded: [Movies, Performing Arts/Weekend Desk]". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 26 March 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- Mitchell 2007, p. 387.
- Espinosa 2009, p. 364.
- Espinosa 2009, p. 372.
- Caulfield 2007, p. 223.
- Vargas 2012, p. 185.
- Mcdonald 2010, p. 364.
- Platenburg, Gheni (October 17, 2011). "Popularity of Tejano music wanes; conjunto, other Regional Mexican music takes over". The Monitor. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "No. 1 start for Selena's `Dreaming'". USA Today. 27 July 1995. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- "Selena's Popularity Grows". The Hour. 24 March 2004. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- Burr, Ramiro (25 Jul 1995). "Selling like a dream - Selena CD outpaces previous top sellers". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
With first-week sales of "Dreaming of You" at about 400,000-plus, Selena has become the fastest-selling female artist in music history. Final full-week sales figures will not be available until later this week, but on Monday EMI Latin officials estimated Selena's sales at more than 400,000, which puts the late singer ahead of other previous top sellers including: Janet Jackson, "Janet," 350,000; Mariah Carey[...]
- Bruno, Anthony (February 28, 2011). "AllMusic.com Folding Into AllRovi.com for One-Stop Entertainment Shop". Billboard. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- Marrero, Letisha (November 2003). "Ritmo Roundup". Vibe 13 (13): 172. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- Burr, Ramiro (26 March 2005). "Upcoming Selena Tribute". Billboard 117 (13): 56. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- Lannert, John (5 August 1995). "Latin Notas". Billboard 107 (31). Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Lannert, John (2 September 1995). "The Selena Phenomenon". Billboard 107 (35): 120. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- Lannert, John (10 June 1995). "A Retrospective". Billboard 107 (23): 112. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- "American certifications – Selena – Dreaming of You". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- "Awards Show". Billboard 108 (18): 122. 4 May 1996. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- Guerra, Joey (28 January 2015). "Selena to be honored at Fiesta de la Flor in Corpus Christi". Houston Chronicle (Jack Sweeney). Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- Guerra, Joey (30 October 2008). "Gloria Estefan in a league of her own 'Person of the Year' a longtime inspiration". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- Jensen 2005, p. 81.
- Sickles 2013, p. 482.
- Lannert, John (29 July 1995). "Latin Music Has New Challenges At Anglo Market". Billboard 107 (30). Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Jensen 2005, p. 82.
- Guerra, Joey (24 July 2012). "A tribute to Selena among this year's QFest offerings". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Renter, Melissa (March 25, 2010). "The legacy of Selena". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Mayfield, Geoff (December 25, 1999). "Totally '90s: Diary of a Decade". Billboard 111 (52): YE–16–18. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- "The American Dream". The Dominion Post. 29 January 2001. Retrieved 26 March 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- Bauder, David (August 6, 1995). "Posthumous Album Makes Selena A National Star". Daily News. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- Bauder, David (August 7, 1995). "Selena's Star Still Shining Bright". Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- Arreola, Christina (June 9, 2014). "Celebrities & Stars Inspired by Selena Quintanilla". Latina. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Christian 2013, p. 139.
- "AllMusic > Selena > Influences". AllMusic. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Herrera, Monica (March 31, 2010). "Remembering Selena". Latina. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Rodriguez, Priscilla (October 2, 2013). "5 Selena Quintanilla Song Covers That Will Give You Chills". Latina. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Ivy Queen reigns in Reggaeton". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 2005-11-28. Retrieved 2013-03-01.
- Lopez Tonight. March 11, 2010. 16 minutes in. TBS.
- Mitchel, Gail (November 24, 2007). "Sounds Without Borders". Billboard 119 (47). Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Sellers 2014, p. 247.
- "This Man Makes The Best Selena Impression Ever!". Latin Times. October 23, 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- de Ville, Elaine (December 10, 2012). "Jenni Rivera Billboard Q&A Videos: The Singer Talks Career & Family". Billboard. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Tatum 2013, p. 1033.
- Vargas 2012, p. 217.
- Kaufman, Gill. "'American Idol' Experts Approve Of Ashthon Jones' Elimination". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks note: Source is not available to users outside the US. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- Guerra, Joey (8 February 2013). "Solange Knowles covers Selena". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "Drake pays tribute to Selena Quintanilla". Hollywood.com. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- Top Tr3s Selena Moments. Season 1. March 26, 2009. 60 minutes in. MTV Tres.
- Sarabia, Martha (April 14, 2014). "Becky G presume de sus raíces". La Opinión. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Meghan Trainor recunoaşte că îşi datorează cariera filmului "Selena" si lui Jennifer Lopez (Video)". Apropotv.ro (in Romanian). January 8, 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- 101 Most Shocking. Season 1. 60 minutes in. MTV.
- "Texas Declares `Selena Day'". Houston Chronicle. Hearts Corporation. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- The Oprah Winfrey Show. Season 11. March 21, 1997. 60 minutes in. ABC.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 33.
- Patoski 1996, p. 318.
- "Billboard's Magazine 1996 Latin Music Awards Scheduled For May 1 At The Historical Gusman Center for Performing Arts". Billboard 108 (9). 2 March 1996. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- "The Songwriters Speak". Billboard 118 (17). 29 April 2006. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- Sara Inés Calderón (January 18, 2011). "Selena, Celia Cruz, Tito Puente In U.S. Postal Stamp Form". NewsTaco. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "The 100 coolest Americans in history". Times Union (Albany). 20 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Parédez, Deborah (2009). Selenidad: Selena, Latinos, and the performance of memory. Duke Univ Pr. p. 259. ISBN 978-0-8223-4502-2. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Lannert, John (June 10, 1995). "Beloved Selena Enters The Latin Music Hall of Fame". Billboard 107 (23): 58. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- Wener, Ben; Chang, Daniel; Eddy, Steve; Darling, Cary (30 December 1999). "Choosing the 100 most influential Latin musicians of the 20th century". Orange County Register. Retrieved 26 March 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- "Queen of Latin Music, Selena's Official 1994 Tejano Music Award for Album of the Year -- Just a Year Before Her Tragic Death". Nate D. Sanders Auctions (natedsanders.com/). 2014-01-30. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- Lopez, Antonio (6 April 1997). "Selena, Selena: We Hardly Knew You". Santa Fe New Mexican. Retrieved 26 March 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- Ryan, Patrick (25 June 2014). "Michael Jackson joins a Posthumous Hot 100". USA Today. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Salians, Rebecca (9 December 2014). "Fake story reporting Selena's killer leaving prison early nearly 'breaks the Internet' in S. Texas". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Ybarra, Rose (1 April 2005). "Family perseveres after Selenas death". The Brownsville Herald. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Jensen 2005, p. 87.
- Paradez 2009, p. 116.
- "Selena Murder Trial Begins Monday". MTV News. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- "Selena to Big Screen". Entertainment Weekly (291). 8 September 1995. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Pearlman, Cindy (16 March 1997). "Selena: the story behind the legend". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Longsdorf, Amy (21 March 1997). "Director Aims For Truth About Selena's Life". The Morning Call. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Tracy 2008, p. 53.
- Arrarás 1997, p. 31.
- Puente, Teresa (30 March 1997). "The Unforeseen Legacy Of Selena Quintanilla Perez". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- "Selena – Box Office Data, News, Cast Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
- "Selena". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
- "Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia". Greenwood Publishing Group. December 30, 2007. p. 387. ISBN 978-0-313-08444-7. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
- "Breakout Roles: Jennifer Lopez". Latina. December 19, 2011. Retrieved January 9, 2012.
- Vargas 2009, p. 53.
- Leila Cobo (April 23, 2005). "Selena's Appeal Still Strong". Billboard. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Seidman, Robert. "Super Bowl XLV Most-Watched Show in U.S. TV History Among Hispanic Viewers; Tops World Cup Final". TVbythenumbers. Zap2it. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- Gorman, Bill. "NFL 2010 Hispanic TV Recap, Most-Watched NFL Season Ever Among Hispanics". TVbythenumbers. Zap2it. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- Clemente Sanchez (April 22, 2011). "Quién es Quién en el Teatro en México: Angie Vega". Broadway World.com. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "Selena musical to be staged here in April". Corpus Christi Caller Times. February 3, 2000. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
- "Crowds enjoy preview of 'Selena Forever'". Corpus Christi Caller Times. March 22, 2000. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
- Patoski, Joe Nick (1996). Selena: Como La Flor. Boston: Little Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-69378-2.
- Peña, Manuel (1999). Música Tejana: The Cultural Economy of Artistic Transformation. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 0890968888.
- Parédez, Deborah (2009). Selenidad: Selena, Latinos, and the Performance of Memory. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822390892.
- Miguel, Guadalupe San (2002). Tejano Proud: Tex-Mex Music in the Twentieth Century. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 1585441880.
- Jasinski, Laurie E. (2012). Handbook of Texas Music. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 0876112971.
- Sobek, Maria (2012). Celebrating Latino Folklore: An Encyclopedia of Cultural Traditions, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 031334339X.
- Miguel, Guadalupe San (2002). Tejano Proud: Tex-Mex Music in the Twentieth Century. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 1585441880.
- Arrarás, María Celeste (1997). Selena's Secret: The Revealing Story Behind Her Tragic Death. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0684831937.
- Pérez, Chris (2012). To Selena, with Love. Penguin Books. ISBN 1101580267.
- Novas, Himilce (1995). Remembering Selena. Turtleback Books. ISBN 0613926374.
- Jones, Steve (2000). Afterlife as Afterimage: Understanding Posthumous Fame. Peter Lang. ISBN 0820463655.
- Malone, Bill C. (2003). Southern Music/American Music. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813126355.
- Ilan, Stavans (2014). Latin Music: Musicians, Genres, and Themes. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 0313343969.
- Stacy, Lee (2002). Mexico and the United States. Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 0761474021.
- Moreno, Michael P. (2010). Term Paper Resource Guide to Latino History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 0313379327.
- Gutiérrez, José Angel (2003). Chicano Manual on How to Handle Gringos. Arte Publico Press. ISBN 1611920930.
- Tatum, Charles (2013). Encyclopedia of Latino Culture: From Calaveras to Quinceaneras. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1440800995.
- Prampolini, Gaetano (2013). The Shade of the Saguaro / La sombra del saguaro. Essays on the Literary Cultures of the American Southwest. Firenze University Press. ISBN 886655393X.
- Pilchak, Angela M. (2005). Contemporary Musicians: Profiles of the People in Music. Cengage Gale. ISBN 0787680699.
- Foley, Neil (1997). Reflexiones 1997: New Directions in Mexican American Studies. University of Texas Press. ISBN 029272506X.
- Espinosa, Gastón (2009). Mexican American Religions: Spirituality, Activism, and Culture. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822388952.
- Vargas, Deborah (2012). Dissonant Divas in Chicana Music: The Limits of la Onda. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0816673160.
- Novas, Himilce (1995). Women and Migration in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands: A Reader. Turtleback Books. ISBN 0613926374.
- Segura, Denise A. (2007). Remembering Selena. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822341182.
- Candelaria, Cordelia (2004). Encyclopedia of Latino Popular Culture, Volume 1. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 031333210X.
- Garcia, Alma M. (2002). The Mexican Americans. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0313314993.
- Mcdonald, Les (2010). The Day the Music Died. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 1469113562.
- Christian, Guiltenane (2013). Lady Gaga: The Unauthorized Biography. Michael O'Mara Books. ISBN 1782430466.
- Sellers, Julie A. (2014). Bachata and Dominican Identity / La bachata y la identidad dominicana. McFarland. ISBN 1476616388.
- Jones, Veda Boyd (2013). Selena (They Died Too Young). Infobase Learning. ISBN 143814637X.
- Tracy, Kathleen (2008). Jennifer Lopez: A Biography. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0313355150.
- Gutmann, Matthew C. (2008). Perspectives on Las Americas: A Reader in Culture, History, & Representation. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0470752068.
- Negrón-Muntaner, Frances (2004). Boricua Pop: Puerto Ricans and the Latinization of American Culture. NYU Press. ISBN 0814758185.
- Mitchell, Claudia (2007). Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0313084440.
- Caulfield, Carlota (2007). A Companion to US Latino Literatures. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. ISBN 185566139X.
- Sickels, Robert C. (2013). 100 Entertainers Who Changed America: An Encyclopedia of Pop Culture Luminaries. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1598848313.
- Habell-Pallán, Michelle (2002). Latino/a Popular Culture. NYU Press. ISBN 0814737250.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Selena.|
- Official website
- Fiesta de La Flor (annual festival held by the Quintanilla family)
- Selena at DMOZ
- Selena discography at Discogs
- Selena at the Internet Movie Database
- Selena at AllMusic
- Selena at Find a Grave
- Selena at MTV
- Selena at Rotten Tomatoes
- Selena at Biography.com