Selena in a 1994 photo shoot
April 16, 1971
Lake Jackson, Texas, U.S.
|Died||March 31, 1995
Corpus Christi, Texas
Cause of death
|Seaside Memorial Park
Corpus Christi, Texas
|Monuments||Mirador de la Flor|
|Other names||Selena Quintanilla-Pérez|
|Spouse(s)||Chris Pérez (m. 1992–95)|
|Relatives||Suzette Quintanilla (sister), A.B. Quintanilla III (brother)|
|Awards||List of awards and nominations|
|Associated acts||Selena y Los Dinos, Pete Astudillo, Alvaro Torres, Barrio Boyzz, Emilio Navaira, Nando "Guero" Dominguez|
Selena Quintanilla-Pérez (April 16, 1971 – March 31, 1995), known popularly as Selena, was an American singer and songwriter. She was named the "top Latin artist of the '90s" and "Best selling Latin artist of the decade" by Billboard for her fourteen top-ten singles in the Top Latin Songs chart, including seven number-one hits. Selena had the most successful Latin singles of 1994 and 1995, "Amor Prohibido" and "No Me Queda Más". She was called "The Queen of Tejano music" and the Mexican equivalent of Madonna. Selena's first album, Selena y Los Dinos, was released when she was twelve years old. A few years after winning Female Vocalist of the Year at the 1987 Tejano Music Awards, she was signed to a recording contract with EMI. Her career and popularity grew throughout the early 1990s in the United States and Spanish-speaking countries. Her album, Selena Live! won Best Mexican-American Album at the 36th Grammy Awards in 1994.
Selena was murdered at the age of 23 on March 31, 1995 by Yolanda Saldívar, a staffer and president of Selena's fan club. On April 12, 1995, two weeks after her death, Texas governor George W. Bush declared her birthday "Selena Day" in that state. In 1997, a Warner Bros. film based on her life titled Selena was released, starring Jennifer Lopez in the title role. She is the 2nd best selling Latin artist of all time, just behind Gloria Estefan in 1st place with over 100 million recordings sold.
The youngest of three children, Selena was born in Lake Jackson, Texas, on April 16, 1971 to Abraham Quintanilla, Jr., a Mexican American and Marcella Ofelia (née Samora), a Cherokee Native American and Mexican American Selena was raised as a Jehovah's Witnesses. After learning to sing at age three, Selena's father started a vocal group when she was nine. The group, Selena y Los Dinos, consisted of Selena, her older brother A.B., and her older sister Suzette. The group initially performed at a restaurant the family operated until the business went bankrupt. The Quintanilla family then moved to Corpus Christi, Texas, where Selena y Los Dinos performed on street corners, at weddings, quinceañeras, and fairs. Because the demands of her performance and travel schedule began to interfere with her education as her popularity as a singer grew, her father took her out of school when she was in the eighth grade. At seventeen, Selena earned a high school diploma through the American School Program.
Selena's first album was recorded independently in 1984 and released as Selena y Los Dinos/Mis Primeras Grabaciones. Her second album was recorded by a record company in 1985 and her father bought all of the original copies. The album was re-released in 1995 as Mis Primeras Grabaciones. Over the next three years Selena released six more independent albums.
At the 1987 Tejano Music Awards, Selena won Best Female Vocalist, an award she would dominate for the rest of her life. In 1989, José Behar, the former head of CBS Discos, signed Selena with EMI Latin (now Capitol Latin). Behar later explained he signed her because he thought he had discovered the next Gloria Estefan. In 1988, she met Chris Pérez, who had his own band. Two years later, the Quintanilla family hired him to play in Selena's band and they began dating. At first her father opposed their relationship and went as far as firing Pérez from the band. He eventually came to accept the relationship. On April 2, 1992, Selena and Chris were married in Nueces County, Texas.
In 1990, her album Ven Conmigo was released, written by her brother and main songwriter Abraham Quintanilla III. This recording was the first Tejano album recorded by a female artist to achieve gold status. Around the same time, a registered nurse and fan named Yolanda Saldívar approached Selena's father with the idea of starting a fan club. He approved and Saldívar became the club's president; later, she worked as the manager of Selena's retail enterprises. In 1992, Selena’s stardom got a big boost with the song, "Como La Flor" off a new album, Entre a Mi Mundo. The next album, Selena Live! won Best Mexican-American Album at the 36th Grammy Awards. The album Amor Prohibido was released in 1994. It was nominated for a Grammy award for Mexican-American Album of the Year. Selena and her band received yet more accolades in 1994. Billboard's Premio Lo Nuestro awarded them six awards, including Best Latin Artist and Song of the Year for "Como La Flor". Meanwhile, her duet with the Barrio Boyzz, "Donde Quiera Que Estés", reached number one in the Billboard Latin Charts. This prompted Selena to tour in Latin America. She performed a duet with Salvadoran singer Álvaro Torres, "Buenos Amigos". By fall of 1994, Amor Prohibido was a commercial success in Mexico and made four number one Latin hits, replacing Gloria Estefan's Mi Tierra on the chart's number one spot. It sold over 400,000 copies by late 1994 in the U.S. and another 50,000 copies in Mexico, reaching gold status.
In 1994, Selena released Amor Prohibido, which became the best-selling Latin album of all time. Five singles from the album reached number one on the Hot Latin Tracks chart. Selena was the first Hispanic artist to do this. The album was certified double platinum by the end of the year. She also won awards from Premio Lo Nuestro including Best Latin Artist and Song of the Year. Selena recorded a duet with the Barrio Boyzz called "Donde Quiera Que Estes". The song got to number one on the Hot Latin Tracks. This allowed Selena to tour in New York City, Argentina, Puerto Rico and Central America, where she was not well known. The album and the single of the same name were nominated for a Grammy Award. "Amor Prohibido" and "No Me Queda Mas" became the most successful singles of 1994 and 1995 on the Hot Latin Track charts, according to Billboard and Nielson SoundScan. She was then called the "Queen of Tejano music".
In late 1994, EMI chairman Charles Koppelman felt that Selena had surpassed her goals in the Spanish market. Selena continued on her Amor Prohibido Tour while EMI Latin prepared the album. In 1995, Selena made a cameo appearance in Don Juan DeMarco, which starred Marlon Brando, Johnny Depp and Faye Dunaway. In February 1995, Selena performed at the Houston Astrodome for a record-breaking audience of over 60,000 fans. Meanwhile, she was planning to open two more clothing stores, one of which was scheduled to be opened in Monterrey, Mexico.
Aside from music, she began designing and manufacturing a clothing line in 1994 and opened two boutiques called Selena Etc., one in Corpus Christi and the other in San Antonio. Both were equipped with in-house beauty salons. Hispanic Business magazine reported that the singer earned over five million dollars from these boutiques. Selena briefly played opposite Erik Estrada in a Mexican telenovela titled Dos Mujeres, Un Camino. In 1995 she entered negotiations to star in another telenovela produced by Emilio Larrosa.
At the peak of her career, Selena visited local schools to talk to students about the importance of education. She also donated her time to civic organizations such as D.A.R.E. These demonstrations of community involvement won her loyalty from her fan base. Selena scheduled her English album for release in the summer of 1995.
In early 1995, the Quintanillas discovered that Yolanda Saldívar was embezzling money from the fan club and decided to fire her. Three weeks later, Selena agreed to meet Saldívar at a Days Inn motel in Corpus Christi to retrieve financial records Saldívar had been refusing to turn over. Saldívar once again delayed the handover by claiming she had been raped in Mexico. Selena then drove Saldívar to a local hospital, where doctors found no evidence of rape. They returned to the motel, where Selena again demanded the missing financial papers. Saldívar drew a pistol from her purse and pointed it at Selena. Selena tried to flee, but Saldívar shot her once in her right shoulder, severing an artery. Critically wounded, Selena ran towards the lobby for help. She collapsed on the floor as the clerk called 911, with Saldívar still chasing her and calling her a "bitch". Selena died in a hospital from loss of blood at 1:05 p.m. on March 31, 1995, 16 days before her 24th birthday.
Selena was buried at Seaside Memorial Park, in Corpus Christi, Texas.
Selena's murder had a widespread impact. Major networks interrupted their regular programming to break the news; Tom Brokaw referred to Selena as "The Mexican Madonna". It was front page news on The New York Times for two days after her death. Numerous vigils and memorials were held in her honor, and radio stations in Texas played her music non-stop. Her funeral drew 60,000 mourners, many of whom traveled from outside the United States. Among the celebrities who were reported to have phoned the Quintanilla family to express their condolences were Gloria Estefan, Celia Cruz, Julio Iglesias, and Madonna. People published a commemorative issue in honor of Selena's memory and musical career, titled Selena 1971–1995, Her Life in Pictures. This issue sold nearly 450,000 copies. Two weeks later, the company released a special issue for Selena, which sold more than 600,000 copies. A few days later, Howard Stern mocked Selena's murder and burial, poked fun at her mourners, and criticized her music. Stern said, "This music does absolutely nothing for me. Alvin and the Chipmunks have more soul ... Spanish people have the worst taste in music. They have no depth." Stern's comments outraged and infuriated the Hispanic community in Texas. After a disorderly conduct arrest warrant was issued in his name, Stern made an on-air statement, in Spanish, for his comments that he stressed were not made to cause "more anguish to her family, friends and those who loved her." On April 12, 1995, George W. Bush, then Governor of Texas, declared Selena's birthday April 16 as "Selena Day" in Texas. Selena was inducted into the "Latin Music Hall of Fame" that same year.
That summer, Selena's album Dreaming of You, a combination of Spanish-language songs and new English-language tracks, debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200, making her the first Hispanic singer to accomplish this feat. and the second highest debut after Michael Jackson's HIStory. On its release date, the album sold over 175,000 copies, a record for a female pop singer, and it sold two million copies in its first year. Dreaming of You sold more than 330,000 copies in its first week. The album was number 75 in the List of BMG Music Club's top selling albums in the United States. Songs such as "I Could Fall in Love" and "Dreaming of You" were played widely by mainstream English-language radio, with the latter reaching number 21 on the Billboard Hot 100. Meanwhile, "I Could Fall in Love", while ineligible for the Hot 100 at the time, reached number 8 on the Hot 100 Airplay chart and the top 10 on the Adult Contemporary Chart. "Dreaming of You" was certified 35× Platinum (Latin field) by the Recording Industry Association of America. In October 1995, a Houston jury convicted Saldívar of first degree murder and sentenced her to life in prison, with the possibility of parole in thirty years. Under a judge's order, the gun used to kill Selena was destroyed in 2002, and the pieces thrown into Corpus Christi Bay.
Posthumous commemorations and popularity
Within the year of her death, Selena was inducted into the Billboard Latin Music Hall of Fame. The Spirit of Hope Award was created in Selena's honor in 1996, and was awarded to Latin artists who participated in humanitarian and civic causes. Jennifer Lopez portrayed Selena in a film about Selena's life. Selena was among two other Latin artists who had the best sales of records in 2001. In June 2006 Selena was commemorated with a life-sized bronze statue (Mirador de la Flor) in Corpus Christi, Texas, and a Selena museum opened there. On March 16, 2011, the United States Post Office released a "Latin Legends" memorial stamp to honor Selena, Carlos Gardel, Tito Puente, Celia Cruz, and Carmen Miranda. She has sold over 90 million albums worldwide. In February 2014, the Albany, NY Times Union named her one of "100 Coolest Americans in History".
Selena y Los Dinos
- Selena y Los Dinos/Mis Primeras Grabaciones (1984)
- The New Girl in Town (1985)
- Alpha (1986)
- Munequito De Trapo (1986)
- And the Winner Is... (1987)
- Preciosa (1988)
- Dulce Amor (1988)
Selena Solo Studio albums
- Selena (1989)
- Ven Conmigo (1990)
- Entre a Mi Mundo (1992)
- Selena Live! (1993)
- Amor Prohibido (1994)
- Dreaming of You (1995)
- Mis Mejores Canciones – 17 Super Exitos (1993)
- 12 Super Exitos (1994)
- Las Reinas Del Pueblo (1995)
- Exitos y Recuerdos (1996)
- All My Hits – Todos Mis Exitos (1999)
- All My Hits – Todos Mis Exitos Vol. 2 (2000)
- Ones (2002)
- Greatest Hits (2003)
- Momentos Intimos (2004
- Dos Historias (2006)
- Through the Years/A Traves de los Años (2007)
- 10 Great Songs (2011)
- Karaoke (2012)
|1985–1994||Johnny Canales Show||Herself|
|1987–1995||Tejano Music Awards||Herself|
|1993||Dos mujeres, un camino||Herself|
|1995||Don Juan DeMarco||Ranchera singer||Minor role|
|1996||E! True Hollywood Story||"The Murder Trial of Selena"|
|1999||VH1: All Access||"Selena"|
|2005||Selena ¡VIVE!||Concert special|
|2010||Famous Crime Scene: Selena||Episode 105|
|2012||Reel Crime/Real Story: Selena||Premiere episode|
|2014||Selena: Death Of A Superstar||Season 13 episode 15 of Snapped|
- Ven Conmigo Live Tour (1990–1992)
- Entre A Mi Mundo Tour (1992–1993)
- Selena Live! Tour (1993–1994)
- Amor Prohibido Tour (1994–1995)
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Selena.|
- Official website
- Selena at DMOZ
- Selena discography at Discogs
- Selena at the Internet Movie Database
- Selena at AllMusic
- Selena at Find a Grave