To self-archive is to deposit a free copy of a digital document on the World Wide Web in order to provide open access to it. The term usually refers to the self-archiving of peer-reviewed research journal and conference articles as well as theses, deposited in the author's own institutional repository or open archive for the purpose of maximizing its accessibility, usage and citation impact.
Self-archiving is one of two general methods for providing open access. It is sometimes called the "green" road to open access, while the other method - publishing in an open access journal - is also referred to as the "gold" road.
Self-archiving was first explicitly proposed as a universal practice by Stevan Harnad in his 1994 online posting "Subversive Proposal" (later published in Association of Research Libraries) although computer scientists had been doing self-archiving spontaneously in anonymous FTP archives since at least the 1980s (see CiteSeer) and physicists had been doing it since the early 1990s on the web (see arXiv).
About 64% of the 999 publishers (and over 90% of the journals) currently registered in the SHERPA RoMEO publisher policy index endorse self-archiving by authors of the preprint and/or postprint versions of their papers. Whereas the right to self-archive postprints is a copyright matter, the right to self-archive preprints is merely a question of journal policy.
See also 
- Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities
- Budapest Open Access Initiative
- Open access mandate
- Open access
- Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR)
- ROARMAP - Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies
- Subversive Proposal
- List of academic journals by preprint policy
- Harnad, S. (2001). "The Self-Archiving Initiative". Nature 410 (6832): 1024–1025. doi:10.1038/35074210.
- Harnad, S., Brody, T., Vallieres, F., Carr, L., Hitchcock, S., Gingras, Y, Oppenheim, C., Stamerjohanns, H., & Hilf, E. (2004) The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access. Serials Review 30.
- Okerson, A. S. & O'Donnell, J. J. eds. (1995). Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing. Association of Research Libraries. Retrieved from http://www.arl.org/sc/subversive/
- SHERPA RoMEO. (2010). [Chart illustration for 999 publishers by archiving policy]. Statistics on publishers' copyright policies & self-archiving. Retrieved from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/statistics.php
- Self-Archiving FAQ
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- Self Archiving FAQ: Answers to most of the questions you might have about self-archiving. There is also a Glossary of Terms in case you find yourself wading in jargon.
- Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
- Registry of Open Access Repository Material Archiving Policy (ROARMAP)
- Open Access News by Peter Suber
- Openarchives.eu - The European Guide to OAI-PMH Digital Repositories in the World
- Information about Self-Archiving
- Berners-Lee, T., De Roure, D., Harnad, S. and Shadbolt, N. (2005) Journal publishing and author self-archiving: Peaceful Co-Existence and Fruitful Collaboration. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11160/
- Harnad, Stevan (1990). "Scholarly Skywriting and the Prepublication Continuum of Scientific Inquiry." Psychological Science 1, no. 6: 342-344. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001581/index.html
- --- (1991). "Post-Gutenberg Galaxy: The Fourth Revolution in the Means of Production of Knowledge." The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 2, no. 1: 39-53. http://info.lib.uh.edu/pr/v2/n1/harnad.2n1
- --- (1992). "Interactive Publication: Extending the American Physical Society's Discipline-Specific Model for Electronic Publishing." Serials Review 18, no. 1/2: 58-61. http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Harnad/harnad92.interactivpub.html
- --- (1995). "The Post-Gutenberg Galaxy: How to Get There from Here." The Information Society 11, no. 4: 285-291. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001689/00/thes.html
- --- 1996. "Implementing Peer Review on the Net: Scientific Quality Control in Scholarly Electronic Journals." In Scholarly Publishing: The Electronic Frontier, edited by Robin P. Peek and Gregory B. Newby, 103-118. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. http://cogprints.org/1692/1/harnad96.peer.review.html
- --- (1997). "How to Fast-Forward Learned Serials to the Inevitable and the Optimal for Scholars and Scientists." The Serials Librarian 30, no. 3/4: 73-81. http://cogprints.org/1695/1/harnad97.learned.serials.html
- --- (1997). "The Paper House of Cards (and Why It's Taking So Long to Collapse)." Ariadne, no. 8. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/harnad/
- --- (1998). "The Invisible Hand of Peer Review." Nature Web Matters, 5 November 1998. http://www.nature.com/nature/webmatters/invisible/invisible.html
- --- (1999). "Free at Last: The Future of Peer-Reviewed Journals." D-Lib Magazine 5, no. 12 http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december99/12harnad.html
- --- (2003). "Maximizing University Research Impact through Self-Archiving." JCOM: Journal of Science Communication 2, no. 4. http://jcom.sissa.it/article/art020401.html
- --- (2003). Online Archives for Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications. International Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. John Feather & Paul Sturges (eds). Routledge. http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Temp/archives.htm
- --- (2005) Fast-Forward on the Green Road to Open Access: The Case Against Mixing Up Green and Gold. Ariadne 42. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/harnad/
- ___(2005) Making the case for web-based self-archiving. Research Money 19(16). http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11534/
- --- (2006) Publish or Perish — Self-Archive to Flourish: The Green Route to Open Access. ERCIM News 64. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11715/
- ___(2010) The Immediate Practical Implication of the Houghton Report: Provide Green Open Access Now. Prometheus, 28 (1). pp. 55–59. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18514/
- Harnad, Stevan, Les Carr, and Tim Brody. "How and Why to Free All Refereed Research from Access- and Impact-Barriers Online, Now." High Energy Physics Libraries Webzine, no. 4 (2001). http://library.cern.ch/HEPLW/4/papers/1/
- Harnad, Stevan, and Matt Hemus. "All or None: No Stable Hybrid or Half-Way Solutions for Launching the Learned Periodical Literature into the Post-Gutenberg Galaxy." In The Impact of Electronic Publishing on the Academic Community: An International Workshop Organized by the Academia Europaea and the Wenner-Gren Foundation, dited by I. Butterworth. London: Portland Press, 1998. http://www.portlandpress.com/pp/books/online/tiepac/session1/ch5.htm
- Harnad, S. & Brody, T. (2004) Comparing the Impact of Open Access (OA) vs. Non-OA Articles in the Same Journals, D-Lib Magazine 10 (6) June http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june04/harnad/06harnad.html Japanese translation http://www.nii.ac.jp/metadata/irp/harnad/
- Sale, Arthur (2006) Comparison of IR content policies in Australia. First Monday 11(4). http://eprints.comp.utas.edu.au:81/archive/00000264/
- Sale, Arthur (2006) Generic Risk Analysis - Open Access for your institution. Technical Report, School of Computing, University of Tasmania. http://eprints.comp.utas.edu.au:81/archive/00000266/
- Swan, A. (2005) Open access self-archiving: An Introduction. Technical Report, JISC, HEFCE. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11006/
- Swan, A. (2006) The culture of Open Access: researchers’ views and responses, in Jacobs, N., Eds. Open Access: Key Strategic, Technical and Economic Aspects, chapter 7. Chandos. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/12428/
- Swan, A. and Brown, S. (2004) ISC/OSI JOURNAL AUTHORS SURVEY Report. Technical Report, JISC, HEFCE. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11002/
- Swan, A., Needham, P., Probets, S., Muir, A., Oppenheim, C., O’Brien, A., Hardy, R., Rowland, F. and Brown, S. (2005) Developing a model for e-prints and open access journal content in UK further and higher education. Learned Publishing 18(1) pp. 25–40. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11000/