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Self-management means different things in different fields:

  • In business, education, and psychology, self-management refers to methods, skills, and strategies by which individuals can effectively direct their own activities toward the achievement of objectives, and includes goal setting, decision making, focusing, planning, scheduling, time management, task tracking, self-evaluation, self-intervention, self-development, etc. Also known as executive processes (in the context of the processes of execution).
  • In economics, political science and sociology, self-management (or Workers' self-management) refers to a form of organizational management where individuals within an organization direct and manage that organizations' activities in a collaborative, decentralized manner. This form of management is associated with models of socialism.
  • A Self-managed economy, an economic system dominated by self-managed enterprises in which the employees themselves agree on choices (for issues like customer care, general production methods, scheduling, division of labor etc.) instead of the traditional supervisor telling workers what to do, how to do it and where to do it. This was the official development strategy of Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia, where self-management was promoted on all levels in society.
  • In the field of computer science, self-management refers to the process by which computer systems will (one day) manage their own operation without human intervention. Self-Management technologies are expected to pervade the next generation of network management systems.
  • In the field of medicine and health care, self-management means the interventions, training, and skills by which patients with a chronic condition, disability, or disease can effectively take care of themselves and learn how to do so. Personal care applied to outpatients. See also self care.
  • In condominiums and housing co-operatives, it refers to apartment buildings or housing complexes that are run directly by the owners themselves, either through a committee structure, or through a Board of Directors that has management as well as executive functions.

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