Selim Sarper

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Selim Rauf Sarper
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
May 28, 1960 – February 16, 1962
Prime Minister Cemal Gürsel,
Emin Fahrettin Özdilek,
İsmet İnönü
Preceded by Fatin Rüştü Zorlu
Succeeded by Feridun Cemal Erkin
Personal details
Born June 14, 1899
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died October 11, 1968(1968-10-11) (aged 69)
Ankara, Turkey
Political party Republican People's Party (CHP)
Spouse(s) Kamuran Sarper
Children daughters: Ülker (Sarper) Kural, Ayşe (Sarper) Vanlı
Alma mater Humboldt University of Berlin
Ankara University, Law School
Profession Diplomat, politician
Selim Sarper (second from right at the desk) during a meeting of United Nations Security Council in New York City ca. 1951

Selim Rauf Sarper (June 14, 1899, Istanbul – October 11, 1968, Ankara) was a Turkish diplomat and politician. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs between 1960-1962.

Early years[edit]

Selim Sarper was born on June 14, 1899 in Istanbul. He spent his youth years in Germany, where he finished the high school in 1918, and attended University of Berlin to study Law. At the age of 24, Turkish Republic was proclaimed in his home country.[1][2]

Returned home, he studied at Ankara University, Law School. He then served as a teacher of French language in a high school at Adana in 1923 before he worked as a clerk at the Independence Tribunal in the early years of the Republican era. In 1927, he entered the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as translator.[1][2]

Diplomatic career[edit]

In 1928, he was appointed deputy consul in Odessa, Soviet Union, in 1929 third secretary at the Turkish Embassy in Moscow and two years later he was promoted to the post of second secretary at the same office. His further assignments were, Consul in Komotini, Greece in 1933, Consul in Odessa in 1935, Consul in Berlin, Germany in 1937 and Ambassador in Bucharest, Romania in 1939.[2]

In the 1940s, Sarper served as the Director of the governmental Press and Information Agency. During the World War II years, he was responsible for the administration of the official propaganda and information.[1][2]

In 1944, Selim Sarper was appointed Turkey's Ambassador to Moscow, an important mission during the last years of World War II and the early years of the Cold War (1947-1991).[2] According to President İsmet İnönü's judgement relating to a conversation between Sarper and Stalin's Minister of Foreign Affairs Molotov on June 7, 1945, Turkey, even remained neutral in the war, might have been under a territorial claim threat from the Soviet Union. Due to this context, Turkey subsequently positioned itself alongside the United States. After the related official documents in the U.S. archives were made available to the public, it became clear that Sarper reported the subject of his conversation to the U.S. Ambassador W. Averell Harriman, even before he notified his government. However, his report to Harriman does not mention any threat by the Soviet Union, and the memoirs of Molotov deny such an allegation.[1]

In 1946, Sarper became Ambassador to Italy in Rome, in 1947 United Nations Permanent Representative and in 1957 Permanent Representative of Turkey to NATO.[1]

Politics[edit]

On May 28, the next day of the 1960 Turkish coup d'état, Selim Sarper, took United States Ambassador in Ankara Fletcher Warren to the coup leader General Cemal Gürsel for a visit. Sarper was appointed the same day Minister of Foreign Affairs replacing Fahri Korutürk in the draft cabinet list.[1]

Sarper entered later the Republican People's Party (CHP) running for a seat in the parliament at the 1961 general elections. He continued to serve at his post as Minister of Foreign Affairs until February 16, 1962.[1]

Revealed U.S. diplomatic documents show that during his term in the İnönü's coalition cabinet, Sarper made assessments to the U.S. Government and told high words about his own head of state like "That Gürsel was not a great brain".[1]

In the 1965 general elections, Sarper was re-elected into the parliament as a deputy from Istanbul Province.

Illnes and death[edit]

On May 14, 1968, Selim Sarper underwent a lung surgery the second time.[3] He died on October 11, 1968 in Ankara, and his body was transferred to Istanbul.[4] He was survived by his wife Kamuran and daughters Ülker (Sarper) Kural and Ayşe (Sarper) Vanlı.[1][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Terkoğlu, Barış (2010-05-04). "Başbakan Selim Sarper’in Adını Hiç Duydu mu?". Oda TV (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Sayın; Selim R. Sarper'in Özgeçmişi" (in Turkish). Dışişleri Bakanlığı. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  3. ^ "Selim Sarper ikinci ciğer ameliyatı oldu". Milliyet (in Turkish). 1968-05-14. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  4. ^ "Tutanak" (in Turkish). TBMM. 1968-12-11. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  5. ^ "Ayşe Sarper Evlendi". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-02-13.