|City of Selkirk|
Selkirk water tower
|Nickname(s): Catfish Capital of the World|
|Established||June 5, 1882|
|• City Mayor||Larry Johansson|
|• Governing Body||Selkirk City Council|
|• MP||James Bezan|
|• MLA||Gregory Dewar|
|• Land||24.87 km2 (9.602 sq mi)|
|Elevation||225 m (738 ft)|
|Population (2011 Census)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC−6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC−5)|
Selkirk is a city in the western Canadian province of Manitoba, located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) northeast of the provincial capital Winnipeg on the Red River, near ( ). It has a population of 9,934 as of the 2011 census.
The mainstays of the local economy are tourism, a steel mill, and a major psychiatric hospital. A vertical lift bridge over the Red River connects Selkirk with the smaller town of East Selkirk. The city is connected to Winnipeg via Highway 9 and is served by the Canadian Pacific Railway.
The city was named in honour of Scotsman Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, who obtained the grant to first establish a colony in the Red River area in 1813.
The present-day city is near the center of the 160,000 square mile (530,000 km2) area purchased by the Earl of Selkirk from the Hudson's Bay Company. The first settlers of the Red River Colony arrived in 1813. Although the settlers negotiated a treaty with the Salteaux Indians of the area, the commercial rivalry between the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company gave rise to violent confrontations between the settlers and the trading companies. In recognition of the Earl's importance in bringing settlers to the region, the town was named Selkirk and incorporated in 1882.
Economy and tourism
The Selkirk Mental Health Centre, the largest mental health facility in the province, is a major employer in the city. The Centre's surroundings are a park-like campus on the outskirts of the city.
Selkirk is advertised as the Catfish Capital of the World, due to the large amounts of catfish in the nearby Red River. This nickname was part of an advertising campaign to entice American anglers, who travel to Manitoba to fish for trophy-sized catfish. Selkirk is also home to Chuck the Channel Cat, a fiberglass representation of a catfish that measures 25 feet (7.6 m) long. The name Chuck was chosen to honour local sport fisherman Chuck Norquay, who drowned while doing what he loved best — fishing in the Red River. After Chuck was built in 1986, the town council decided to place Chuck in front of Smitty's Restaurant on Main Street.
The Selkirk Fair and Rodeo is held annually to celebrate the area's agricultural history. It celebrated its 130th anniversary in 2008.
Selkirk has three community newspapers: The Selkirk Enterprise, The Selkirk Record, and The Selkirk Journal.
|Amphibious icebreaker in Selkirk|
|Greg Selinger about 3rd icebreaker|
Amphibex excavator icebreakers were at work breaking up ice flows on the Red River in 2009. Ice breakers and backhoes were to be strategically placed along the Red River Floodway, which might have needed to be opened before the ice was fully melted. Officials examined past ice jams and provided contingency plans if the Floodway jammed upstream of bridges or on tight corners.
Selkirk is home to the Selkirk Steelers of Manitoba Junior Hockey League, who play out of the Selkirk Recreation Complex. Selkirk is also home to the Selkirk Fishermen of the Keystone Junior Hockey League and the Selkirk Rivermen, who play in the SIHL.
Selkirk has hosted major events in conjunction with the city of Winnipeg, such as select games of the 2007 Women's World Ice Hockey Championships. In 2009, Selkirk was host to the Telus Cup, Canada's national midget hockey championship, with the Winnipeg Thrashers as the host team. The Notre Dame Hounds defeated the Calgary Buffaloes 4–0 in the gold medal game, which was broadcast live from Selkirk on TSN.
Selkirk is also home to the independent Steeltown Pro Wrestling promotion.
Selkirk is located in the Interlake Region of Manitoba, located about 22 km northeast of the provincial capital Winnipeg on the Red River. A vertical lift bridge over the Red River connects Selkirk with the smaller town of East Selkirk. The city mostly borders the Rural Municipality of St. Andrews, except to the east, where it borders the Rural Municipality of St. Clements across the Red River. The terrain is extremely flat with fields of wheat and canola surrounding the city.
Due to Selkirk's position on the edge of the Canadian Prairies, there is a moderate 510.4mm (20.1 inches) of precipitation annually. Selkirk has a climate with four very distinct seasons. A general year will include warm (sometimes hot) summers, cold winters, and a comfortable spring and autumn. Selkirk has recorded a temperature as high as 38.5C (101.3F) back in June 1995 and a temperature as low as -45.6C (-50.08F) back in February 1966. Selkirk has 21 days with snowfall per year, from about November (sometimes as early as September or October) to around April (sometimes as late as May).
- Winter: November to March
- Spring: April to May
- Summer: June to August
- Autumn: September to October
|Climate data for Selkirk, Manitoba (1971-2000 Data)|
|Record high °C (°F)||6.1
|Average high °C (°F)||−12.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−17.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−22.1
|Record low °C (°F)||−41.1
|Precipitation mm (inches)||16
|Source: Environment Canada|
Selkirk had a population of 9,834 people in 2011, which was an increase of 3.4% from the 2006 census count. The median household income in 2005 for Selkirk was $42,502, which is below the Manitoba provincial average of $47,875.
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||10||0.1%|
|Mixed visible minority||0||0%|
|Total visible minority population||200||2.2%|
|Total Aboriginal population||2,460||27.3%|
- Selkirk—Red River former federal electoral district
- Selkirk Water Aerodrome
- Selkirk Airport
- Red River Trails
- Fort Gibraltar fur-trading post destroyed by early Selkirk settlers
- Fort Maurepas (Canada) fur trading post built 1734 near the present town
- Terry Ball hockey player
- Rich Chernomaz hockey player
- Paul Goodman hockey player
- Alfie Michaud hockey player (goaltender)
- Andrew Murray hockey player
- Harry Oliver hockey player
- Bullet Joe Simpson soldier, hockey player and coach who was flag bearer for Canada at 1932 Olympics
- Jimmy Skinner hockey coach
- Neil Wilkinson hockey player
- Duane Nicol, City Councillor 2002–Present
- David Bjornson, Member of Parliament 1988-1993
- Gregory Dewar Manitoba provincial politician
- Ron Fewchuk Member of Parliament 1993-1997
- Ed Helwer member of the Manitoba legislature 1988-2003
- Hugh McFadyen, Manitoba politician, MLA
- Howard Pawley, MLA Selkirk 1969-1988;Premier of Manitoba 1981-1988
- Sam Uskiw Manitoba politician, born in East Selkirk
- Trevor Boris comedian
- Robert Atkinson Davis businessman and politician, supported running the railway through Winnipeg instead of Selkirk
- The Farrell Bros. rockabilly (music) group
- Kevin Patterson doctor, writer, grew up in Selkirk
- Ellen Reid keyboard player for the Canadian rock band Crash Test Dummies
- Michael Rowe Canadian author and journalist, attended St. John's Cathedral Boy's School in Selkirk 1977-1981
- Canadian Scots people of Scots ancestry living in Canada
- Sherisse Stevens singer and entertainer
- John Tanner (narrator) explorer, guide, worked for the Selkirk colony
- Paul Thorlakson soldier, surgeon, Order of Canada, co-founder of the Winnipeg Clinic
- "Census 2011, Selkirk - City". Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population. 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- City of selkirk Web site - History retrieved August 4, 2008[dead link]
- Selkirk Mental Health Centre. - Province of Manitoba.
- History. - Selkirk Fair and Rodeo.
- Ice Hammer Discovery Channel. Accessed: 8 January 2011.
- Skerritt, Jen (2009-04-04). "Flood fight ramps up as Red’s crest approaches". Winnipeg Press. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- "Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- "Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- , Censuses 1871-1931
- , Census 1941-1951
- , Census 1961
- "Selkirk, Manitoba - Detailed City Profile". Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- , Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
- , Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Selkirk, Manitoba.|
- Selkirk Record
- Selkirk & District Community Foundation website
- The Selkirk Fire Department Website
- The City of Selkirk website
- Selkirk Gospel Chapel website
- The Triple S Fair and Rodeo website
- Map of Selkirk at Statcan