Selkirk, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates: 55°33′00″N 2°50′24″W / 55.550°N 2.84002°W / 55.550; -2.84002

Selkirk
Selkirk is located in Scottish Borders
Selkirk
Selkirk
 Selkirk shown within the Scottish Borders
Population 5,839 
OS grid reference NT471288
Council area Scottish Borders
Lieutenancy area Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SELKIRK
Postcode district TD7
Dialling code 01750
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk
Scottish Parliament Ettrick, Roxburgh and Berwickshire
List of places
UK
Scotland


The Royal Burgh of Selkirk (Scottish Gaelic: Salcraig) is a town in the Scottish Borders Council district of southeastern Scotland. It lies on the Ettrick Water, a tributary of the River Tweed.

The people of the town are known as Souters, which means cobblers (shoe makers and menders). At the time of the 2001 census, Selkirk's population was 5,839.

History[edit]

Selkirk was formerly the county town of Selkirkshire. Selkirk is one of the oldest Royal Burghs in Scotland and is the site of the earliest settlements in what is now the Scottish Borders.[citation needed] The town's name originates from the church (kirk) for the Selgovae, who were an original tribe from the Roman Empire's invasions of Caledonii..[citation needed]

Selkirk is the site of the first Border Abbey, however the community of Tironensian monks moved to Kelso during the reign of King David I. In 1113, King David I granted Selkirk large amounts of land.

William Wallace, was declared guardian of Scotland in the town.

Bonnie Prince Charlie, the Marquess of Montrose and the Outlaw Murray all had connections with the town

Selkirk's population grew up because of its woollen industry, although now that that industry has ceased leaving little in its wake. The town is best known for bannocks, a dry fruit cake. It has a museum and art gallery, and associations with Mungo Park (explorer), James Hogg "The Ettrick Shepherd" a local poet and writer and Sir Walter Scott, a writer of Romances, both of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. It is also home to Scotland's oldest horse racing track, the Gala Rig, on the outskirts of the town.

William Wallace[edit]

"See approach proud Edwards power, Chains and slavery!"

After the death of Alexander III, the hopes of the people of Scotland rested with the Maid of Norway. Her death in 1290 left the country at the mercy of the English King. From that date until the crown was awarded to John Balliol, King Edward prosecuted remorselessly his schemes to bring the Kingdom of Scotland under his control.

Balliol, as preceding kings before him paid homage, in respect of his lands in England, to Edward and, in return, suffered many humiliations at the hands of the supposed English suzerain. Scottish nobles and gentry, many from the Borderland, were compelled to swear allegiance to the "proud usurper."

From the West of Scotland came William Wallace, a Scots knight who led his countrymen in resistance to English domination. There are many places in the Scottish Borders associated with Wallace. It was in the church at Selkirk, supported by nobles and clergy, he was declared Guardian of the Kingdom of Scotland.

O' Floddenfield![edit]

Statue of Fletcher outside Victoria Halls, Selkirk

Selkirk men fought with William Wallace at Stirling Brig and Falkirk, and also with Robert the Bruce at Bannockburn, but it is Selkirk's connection with the Battle of Flodden in 1513, her response to the call of the King, the brave bearing of her representatives on the fatal field, and the tragic return of the sole survivor, provide the Royal Burgh with its proudest and most maudlin memories, it being the celebration of a five hundred year old defeat. Only one returned from the battle, "Fletcher", bearing a blood-stained English flag belonging to the Macclesfield regiment. On his return he cast the captured English standard around his head before falling to his death as the last returning fighting Souter.

Selkirk Common Riding

The Selkirk Common Riding is a celebration of the history and traditions of the Royal and Ancient Burgh. Held on the second Friday after the first Monday in June, the ceremony is one of the oldest in the area, with 300-400 riders, Selkirk boasts one of the largest cavalcades of horses and riders in Europe. Selkirk still owns common land to the north and south of the town, but only the northern boundary of Linglie is ridden on the day. Selkirk Common Riding remembers how, after the disastrous Battle of Flodden Field, from the eighty men that left the town, only one – Fletcher - returned bearing a captured English flag. Legend has it that he cast the flag about his head to indicate that all the other men of Selkirk had been cut down. At the climax of the day the Royal Burgh Standard Bearer and Crafts and Associations Standard Bearers cast their colours in Selkirk's Ancient Market Place.

Standard Bearer

The Standard Bearer is picked from the eligible unmarried young men of the town who have applied for the post by the trustees of the Common Riding Trust, successors to the old Selkirk Town Council which disappeared following local government reorganisation in 1975. He will normally have served his time as an Attendant to previous Standard Bearers. He is introduced on Appointment Night,the last Friday in April. He is carried shoulder high round the town, accompanied by bands and the crowds of locals. There follows many civic duties in preparation for the main event, participation in other town common ridings and festivities including Spurs Night where the Standard Bearer and attendants meet with the principals of Galashiels at Galafoot and receive a pair of spurs at a dinner in Galashiels.

Common Riding Week

The Saturday before Common Riding Day is marked with the annual Children's Picnic, where primary schoolchildren have races. Sunday sees the inspection of The Rig, the town racecourse and Show Sunday, recently moved to the grounds of The Haining. Traditionally Souters would meet up in their new finery bought for the festivities and sing songs to the town bands. Other events include the Standard Bearers Dinner on Monday, and Ladies Night on Wednesday when the female population take over the bars and clubs for the evening and only the bravest males venture out! Various bussing concerts and dinners are held for the Crafts and Associations.

Night afore the Morn

On Thursday evening the Senior Burgh Officer takes to the streets to “Cry the Burley”, giving notice to the population that the marches are to be ridden the following day, naming the Burleymen (four ex standard bearers), the Burgh Standard Bearer and his attendants. His trek, accompanied by the bands starts in the West Port, stopping in the Market Place, High Street, Back Row and South Port to read the proclamation, ending with the time honoured phrase “There will be all these, and a great many more, and all be ready to start at the sound of the Second Drum” There follows the Bussing concert for the Incorporations of the Weavers and the Hammermen, in the Victoria Hall. This is followed by an act of remembrance when all available ex-Standard Bearers march to the statue of Fletcher outside the Victoria Hall. A wreath is placed on the statue by the chairman of the ex-Standard Bearers association, and each ex-Standard bearer walks round the statue in order of the year they represented the town, earliest first. Then many hit the pubs and clubs to renew old friendships, for others it is off to bed in preparation for a full day ahead.

Common Riding Day

The day begins before dawn, at 4.00 a.m. Selkirk Flute Band begin march around town, wakening in turn Standard Bearer and Provost. There follows an Act of Remembrance by the Ex-Soldiers at the War Memorial at 05.30. The “First Drum” is struck at Six a.m., the Silver Band play round the town and lead the singing of “Hail Smiling Morn” alternating with the first verse of the hymn “Lead Kindly Light”. The band stops off outside the County hotel for a rendition of Exiles’ Song 'Her Bright Smile' before continuing to the Victoria Halls for 06.30. Meanwhile the riders assemble in the Back Row. At 06.45 there is the Installation of Standard Bearer and Bussin' of Royal Burgh Flag on balcony of Victoria Hall. The procession forms and marches to Market Place awaiting the “Second Drum” at 07.00. The procession moves off 'down the Green' behind the Silver band playing “O’ a’ the airts” and the pipe band, along with the flags of the Incorporations and Guilds on foot. Then follows the Standard Bearer and his attendants and the mounted cavalcade behind.

By 07.30 the riders begin to ford River Ettrick and onwards to Linglie Glen. The cavalcade reaches the summit of the Three Brethren cairns, the highest point of the ride; Here they rest and the Standard Bearer and Attendants sing “Hail Smilin’ Morn” before remounting and continuing the ride.

Back in Selkirk, the foot procession re-forms in Market Place and leaves for Shawburn Toll led by the bands to Shawburn toll for community singing led by bands until the riders return at the gallop. The procession re-forms again and returns to Market Place via Bleachfield Road and High Street to the Market Square for ceremony of the Casting of the Colours; In turn the Royal Burgh Standard Bearer followed by those of the Weavers, Merchants, Fleshers, Colonials, and ex soldiers cast their flags to the tune “Up wi’ the Souters”. The ex soldiers standard is dipped at the end of his performance, there follows a Two Minutes Silence to honour the towns War Dead, broken by the Silver band playing the haunting ballad “The Liltin”.

The ceremonial ends with the Return of the Burgh Flag "unsullied and untarnished" by the Standard Bearer to the Provost. After lunch there is horse racing at the Rig, and the ball is held in the Victoria Halls. Saturday ends with “The Games” – gymkhana and professional foot racing at the towns Cricket Club.

More in Tom Weir visits Selkirk

Battle of Philiphaugh[edit]

Main article: Battle of Philiphaugh

During the series of conflicts that would become known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Selkirk played host the Royalist army of James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, with his cavalry installed in the burgh, whilst the Royalist infantry were camped at the plain of Philiphaugh, below the town. On the morning of 13 September 1645, a covenanting army led by Sir David Leslie attacked the royalist forces camped at Philiphaugh, and a rout ensued. Montrose arrived to find his army in disarray and had to the flee the field, eventually leading to his exile. The action at Philiphaugh is infamous for the massacre of up to 500 surrendered Royalist troops and camp followers, by the covenanters. These included many women and children

Sir Walter Scott and Selkirk[edit]

Sir Walter Scott's Courthouse in Selkirk Market Place

Sir Walter Scott was appointed Sheriff-Deputy of the County of Selkirk in 1799, and was based in the Royal Burgh's Courthouse, which can be found in the town square.

The Sir Walter Scott Way from Moffat to Cockburnspath passes through Selkirk.

Landmarks[edit]

The remains of the 'forest kirk' (the Kirk (church) of the Forest), referred to in ancient times as the church of St Mary of the Forest, still stand in the old churchyard. William Wallace became Guardian of Scotland here, and it is also the final resting place to several relatives of Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States of America. Roosevelt, whose ancestors came from the area, named his famous dog Fala, after Fala and the nearby village of Falahill.

Just to the south of the town is The Haining, the late 18th-century residence of the Pringle family. In 2009 the last owner died, and left the house and grounds "for the benefit of the community of Selkirkshire and the wider public."[1] A charitable trust is now planning to restore the building as an art gallery.[2]

The Selkirk Grace[edit]

The Selkirk Grace has no connection with the town of Selkirk, beyond its name, originating as it does, from the west of Scotland. Although attributed to Robert Burns, the Selkirk Grace was already known in the 17th century, as the "Galloway Grace" or the "Covenanters' Grace". It came to be called the Selkirk Grace because Burns was said to have delivered it at a dinner given by the Earl of Selkirk at St Mary's Isle Priory, Galloway.

In Scottish
Some hae meat and canna eat,
And some wad eat that want it,
But we hae meat and we can eat,
Sae let the Lord be thankit.
In English
Some have food and cannot eat,
And some would eat that lack it,
But we have food and we can eat,
So let God be thanked.


Sport[edit]

Rugby union plays its role in Selkirk culture and society. Selkirk RFC play in their home games at Philiphaugh, and are now in Premiership Division Two and the Border League (the oldest established rugby union league in the world).

The town cricket club was formed in 1851 and still plays in the Border League. The cricket ground at Philiphaugh is the site of the Battle of Philiphaugh. Selkirk Cricket Club have won the Border League on 23 occasions and the club has produced a dozen Scottish internationalists.

The town also has a footballing tradition, having produced some player of note in the Scottish game including Bobby Johnstone of Hibernian, Bob Mercer of Heart of Midlothian, Sandy McMahon of Celtic Selkirk F.C. are members of the East of Scotland Football League and currently play in the Premier Division. Nicknamed The Souters (Cobblers) the club was founded in 1880 and is the oldest club in the Borders.

Climate[edit]

As with the rest of the British Isles and Scotland, Selkirk experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. Despite this, the area appears to have one of the widest absolute temperature ranges in the United Kingdom. The absolute minimum temperature of −26.6 °C (−15.9 °F) at the nearest weather station is both a daily record,[3] and the record lowest temperature for the UK outside of the Highlands. Conversely, Scotland's highest temperature of 32.9 °C (91.2 °F) was recorded at Greycook(St. Boswells)[4] just 8 miles to the east.

Climate data for Bowhill, 168m asl, 1971-2000, Extremes 1960- (Weather station 2.3 miles (4 km) to the West of Selkirk)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
13.9
(57)
17.8
(64)
25.7
(78.3)
27.5
(81.5)
30.3
(86.5)
31.3
(88.3)
30.1
(86.2)
25.8
(78.4)
22.2
(72)
16.0
(60.8)
14.1
(57.4)
31.3
(88.3)
Average high °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
5.9
(42.6)
8.3
(46.9)
11.0
(51.8)
14.7
(58.5)
17.1
(62.8)
19.2
(66.6)
18.7
(65.7)
15.4
(59.7)
11.7
(53.1)
7.8
(46)
5.9
(42.6)
11.75
(53.15)
Average low °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.1
(34)
2.4
(36.3)
4.7
(40.5)
7.8
(46)
9.8
(49.6)
9.5
(49.1)
7.5
(45.5)
4.8
(40.6)
2.4
(36.3)
0.1
(32.2)
4.13
(39.42)
Record low °C (°F) −26.6
(−15.9)
−17.2
(1)
−15
(5)
−6.1
(21)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
1.1
(34)
−0.5
(31.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
−6.1
(21)
−11.1
(12)
−16.4
(2.5)
−26.6
(−15.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 95.16
(3.7465)
66.33
(2.6114)
74.61
(2.9374)
55.76
(2.1953)
65.4
(2.575)
59.74
(2.352)
58.49
(2.3028)
72.11
(2.839)
72.75
(2.8642)
86.35
(3.3996)
86.11
(3.3902)
102.48
(4.0346)
895.29
(35.248)
Source: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute[5]

Twinning[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Altruistic millionaire leaves his historic mansion for the benefit of the community". The Southern Reporter. 6 August 2009. 
  2. ^ "Vision: Art Gallery and Visitors Centre". The Haining, Selkirkshire. Haining Charitable Trust. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "1982 temperature". TORRO. 
  4. ^ "2003 temperature". UKMO. 
  5. ^ "Bowhill Climate". KNMI. 

External links[edit]