|10th President of the
University of Southern Maine
July 1, 2008 – July 9, 2012
|Preceded by||Richard L. Pattenaude|
|Succeeded by||Theo Kalikow|
|Born||1950 (age 64–65)
Chelsea, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Residence||Portland, Maine, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Brandeis University
Selma Botman is an American academic. Her post at the University of Maine System (UMS) Chancellor's Office focused on expanding the systems international education programs, recruiting foreign students, and coordinating overseas faculty exchanges.
Botman was the President of the University of Southern Maine from July 1, 2008 to July 9, 2012. From Fall 2004 to June 2008, she served as the Executive Vice-Chancellor and University Provost of the City University of New York. Recently, Yeshiva University named Dr. Botman the University's next Vice President for Academic Affairs and Provost.
Early life and education
Selma Botman grew up in Chelsea, Massachusetts, which she describes as a "very poor city". Her father worked in a shoe factory and his education ended at grade eight. Her mother graduated from high school but never moved on to college. Both of them encouraged their children, Selma and her two brothers, to get degrees. In the end, all of the siblings reached the level of PhD. According to Botman, "My parents promoted the importance of education, and they just expected their children would be smart."
Botman received a B.A. in psychology from Brandeis University even though she says she had no interest in the field. Instead she says she thought psychology would help her figure out who she was, which she spent her time as an undergraduate doing. At this time she developed an interest in the Middle East but believed it was too late to change majors and thus stayed with psychology until graduation.
After graduation she went to Oxford University where she got a B.Phil. in Middle Eastern Studies. On returning to the US she married Thomas Birmingham, her sweetheart from high school, and attended Harvard University where she earned an A.M. in Middle Eastern Studies and a Ph.D. in History and Middle Eastern Studies.
After Harvard, Botman began her career in education in 1987 when she taught in the political science department at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, MA. She was the Director of the International Studies Program from 1994 to 1996.
She moved on to being Provost at the University of Massachusetts before becoming the Executive Vice Chancellor and University Provost of City University of New York (CUNY), overseeing twenty three academic units over the five boroughs. She says that she loved being close to her daughters, who live together in New York City and work in the fashion industry, and the excitement of Manhattan, stating "I really wanted to come back to a campus, because I wanted to be closer to faculty and students."
When her younger daughter, Megan, was attending Bates College she was convinced, along with her husband, to visit Peak's Island. There the two bought a house and when, two months later, the job of University of Southern Maine President opened up, she applied for it.
Botman has been an Affiliate in Research at Harvard University’s Center for Middle Eastern Studies and a member of Middle East Studies Association, the American Association of University Women, the American Association for Higher Education & Accreditation, and the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges.
Botman was a Special Assistant to the Chancellor at the University of Massachusetts Lowell and as Vice President for Academic Affairs at the University of Massachusetts system. She was a tenured full professor in the Departments of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Boston and Lowell campuses.
City University of New York
In the fall of 2004 she was appointed the Executive Vice-Chancellor and University Provost of The City University of New York (CUNY). According to Botman and with her leadership, CUNY initiated and coordinated several flagship programs, including the university-wide Campaign for Student Success, The Teacher Academy, the Black Male Initiative, the Latino Faculty Initiative, the Macaulay Honors College for undergraduate honors education, and a revised Distinguished Professorship initiative. She collaborated with the NYC Department of Education to establish CUNY as a national model for urban public education. Botman developed numerous programs to improve the university’s visibility, to enhance the breadth and rigor of its academic programs, and to make high-quality education available to every New York City public school student.
University of Southern Maine
Botman applied to be the president of the University of Southern Maine (USM) in 2007, and was chosen for the job by her predecessor in the position, Richard Pattenaude - whose promotion to University of Maine System Chancellor opened the position, in early 2008.
In preparation for her assuming office USM's Interim President Joe Wood sought to cut millions of dollars from USM's budget so that Botman could begin her term with a clean slate. He and the Interim Provost considered combining programs, reorganizing to remove dean positions, and cutting programs outright. In spite of these efforts when Botman became USM President on July 1, 2008 she did inherit debt instead of a clean slate, and along with it she was faced with dropping enrollment and flat state funding.
In Fall 2008, she initiated a strategic planning process, which concluded in spring 2009 with the publication of Building Maine's Future: 2009-2014. Botman attempted to guide the university through a complex restructuring effort, which she intended to increase the quality of education and to remove barriers to interdisciplinary exchange and programmatic development. She developed a five-year strategic plan, Preparing USM for the Future: 2009-2014 intended to restore the university's fiscal health. In May 2010 the University of Maine System Board of Trustees approved a sweeping academic reorganization plan that Botman oversaw, resulting from a process that included faculty and administrators on an institutional redesign team and that won approval by the USM Faculty Senate. Some faculty members were uneasy about the proposal at the time, and it would later be said that promises Botman made regarding it were not kept. It was advertised as including $1.3 billion of savings for the university each year by eliminating three dean positions, though that math was disputed and a counter claim was made that, "there’s no net savings for the university." In June 2010, Botman published an editorial explaining her view of the plan.
By April 2011, the university was on track to end its budget year with a $1.5 million surplus. Botman stated that a $140 million budget was being developed that would not include layoffs, due to the ongoing reorganization and prior reductions in staff. But by February 2012 Botman announced that there was a shortfall of five million dollars and compared the university's situation to being cast out of Eden. Botman sought to establish a fund to protect the university's credit rating and maintain operations during a time of financial difficulties. When Botman became president in 2008, the university suffered from annual budget deficits and the university's rating under KPMG was 0.1; by April 2011, the rating had climbed to 2.1. During fiscal year 2011, USM consolidated eight colleges into five, which was estimated to have saved either nothing or $1 million annually. She also said she decided to resume the practice of hiring tenure-track faculty, which she said would enrich the university community and help sustain competitive academic programs.
In mid March 2012 members of the faculty began drafting a petition to force a referrendum of no confidence against Botman. Around March 27 it began circulating, on April 2 news of it was first made public, and on April 4 it was presented to the Chair of the Faculty Senate which, as it had more than enough signatures, made a no confidence referendum inevitable. It was reported that a survey conducted by the faculty union indicated significant discontent among faculty regarding Botman's academic reorganization. The vote was non-binding and was intended to be passed on to the UMS Chancellor Robert Page and the board of trustees. On May 2, 2012, the vote was tallied and indicated that 75% of the faculty had cast votes, with 68% of those votes indicating no confidence. Effective July 9, 2012, Botman left her position as president to take a post at the University of Maine System chancellor’s office. According to University of Maine System chancellor's office, Botman would lead an effort to expand the system’s international education programs, recruit foreign students, and coordinate overseas faculty exchanges. On January 30, 2014, Yeshiva University announced that Botman will serve as its next vice president for academic affairs and provost under its current president, effective July 1, 2014.
- Botman, Selma (1988). The rise of Egyptian communism: 1939-1970. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
- Botman, Selma (1991). From independence to revolution: Egypt, 1922-1952. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
- Botman, Selma (1999). Engendering citizenship in Egypt. Columbia: Columbia University Press.
Chapters in books
- Botman, Selma (1995), "Socialism and Islam", in Esposito, John, Oxford encyclopedia of the modern Islamic world, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Botman, Selma (1996), "The Egyptian communist party", in Simon, Reeva, Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East, New York: Macmillan Reference USA.
- Botman, Selma (1998), "Egypt in the liberal age, 1923-1952", in Daly, M.W., Cambridge history of Egypt, Volume 2, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Botman, Selma (Spring 1985). "The rise and experience of Egyptian communism, 1936-1954". Studies in Comparative Communism (Elsevier) 18 (1): 49–66. doi:10.1016/0039-3592(85)90055-9.
- Botman, Selma (July 1985). "Review: Women in Contemporary Egyptian Literature". Journal of Developing Areas (College of Business, Tennessee State University) 19 (4): 557–561. JSTOR 4191396.
- Botman, Selma (July 1986). "Egyptian communists and the free officers: 1950–54". Middle Eastern Studies (Taylor and Francis) 22 (3): 350–366. doi:10.1080/00263208608700670.
- Botman, Selma (July 1986). "The ethnic origins of the Egyptian communist movement". Immigrants and Minorities (Taylor and Francis) 5 (2): 193–203. doi:10.1080/02619288.1986.9974632.
- Botman, Selma (Spring 1987). "The Egyptian communist movement in historical perspective". Journal of the South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 10 (3): 78–94.
- Botman, Selma (March 1988). "The experience of women in the Egyptian communist movement, 1939–1954". Women's Studies International Forum (Elsevier) 11 (2): 117–126. doi:10.1016/0277-5395(88)90043-X.
- Botman, Selma (July 1988). "Albert Cossery and the men God forgot: Some aspects of the ethnic subculture of Egyptian society". Immigrants and Minorities (Taylor and Francis) 7 (2): 224–237. doi:10.1080/02619288.1988.9974688.
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) May 3rd, 2010, The life of a university president
- "Selma Botman, Ph.D. Named USM's Next President". University of Maine. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) April 28th, 2008, From Brandeis to Egypt to Maine
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) March 10th, 2008,And Pattenaude says. Botman for USM president
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) April 21st, 2008,26 Making the list
- Maine Public Broadcasting Network May 2nd, 2012, No-Confidence Vote on USM President Botman Being Tallied
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) May 24th, 2010, Board of Trustees approves restructuring plan
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) March 8th, 2010 Some faculty senators uneasy about proposal
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) February 11th, 2011, Faculty and administration clash over implementing the academic reorganization
- Bouchard, Kelley. "Budget balanced as USM moves on". Maine Sunday Telegram. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) February 20th 2012, Faced with massive budget shortfall, colleges forced to make large cuts next year
- "Made in Maine". American Council of Trustees and Alumni with The Maine Heritage Policy Center. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) April 4th, 2012, Faculty petition triggers referendum for a no-confidence vote in President Botman
- the free press (USM's student newspaper) April 5th, 2012 Petition with signatures calling for no-confidence vote released [DOCUMENT]
- Bangor Daily News April 2nd, 2012, Faculty to hold no-confidence vote in USM president
- The Portland Daily Sun April 6th, 2012, Proposed no confidence vote in Botman before USM Faculty Senate today
- The Portland Daily Sun May 1st, 2012, Botman 'no confidence' vote expected this week
- the free press (USM's student newspaper), May 2nd, 2012, Over half of faculty voted no confidence in President Botman
- the free press (USM's student newspaper), May 2nd, 2012, Results of no-confidence vote expected tonight
- Koenig, Seth. "USM president resigns for system office job after spring ‘no-confidence’ vote by faculty". Bangor Daily News. Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Yeshiva University. 2014. “Yeshiva University Names New Provost, Dr. Selma Botman.” January 30. Press release.