Selsley

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Coordinates: 51°43′52″N 2°14′49″W / 51.731°N 2.247°W / 51.731; -2.247

Selsley
Cows on Selsley Common - geograph.org.uk - 192472.jpg
Selsley Common
Selsley is located in Gloucestershire
Selsley
Selsley
 Selsley shown within Gloucestershire
Civil parish King's Stanley
District Stroud
Shire county Gloucestershire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire

Selsley is a village within the civil parish of King's Stanley and district of Stroud, in Gloucestershire, England. It is composed of around 175 houses-scattered around the western and eastern edge of a Cotswold spur-located approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Stroud. The village lacks a focused central business district and so is conventionally divided into Selsley West and Selsley East.

Houses[edit]

Stanley Park is the original Manor House in Selsley West dating from the time of Elizabeth I. The house was rebuilt in the mid-18th century and then further remodelled when it was bought by Samuel Marling in 1849.[citation needed] In 1949, the house was sold by the Marling family and divided into flats.

Elsewhere in the village, most of the older housing dates from the 18th and 19th century, interspersed with 20th-century build.[citation needed]

Historic tracks[edit]

Running through the village is Water Lane - a prehistoric track that winds its way to North Woodchester and thence to South Woodchester and on to Bath. In parts, its banks tower ten feet overhead, cloaked by hawthorn, blackthorn, ash and beech.[citation needed] Spring water rushes along the two sides of the lane where the geology changes. It runs parallel to a track continuing from Bell Lane and going past a cottage down over the brook and onto the Villiers estate in Woodchester.

Geography and geology[edit]

The western scarp face falls hundreds of feet to the flat Severn Valley. Beyond the Forest lie the Black Mountains and beyond these the Brecon Beacons. Also located on the scarp is a Bronze Age barrow.

Church of All Saints[edit]

Main article: Selsley Church
Selsley Church

Alongside the Manor House lies Selsley Church, commissioned by the Marling family during the mid-19th century and modelled by Bodley in the French Gothic style. Its stained glass was one of the first commissions undertaken by William Morris and his partners Rossetti, Webb, Ford Madox Brown and Burne-Jones. The design of the church derives from the squires' name. The Church is modelled on one seen in Marlengo (Marling) in the disputed area of the Italian Tyrol.

Common history[edit]

Despite attempts to enclose the Common at Selsley, it has been vigorously defended over the years. Indeed the first recorded dispute was in the Saxon period,[citation needed] and the threat to enclose the Common in the 19th century met with vocal public outrage. There is one area which did become enclosed, known locally as 'Dead Man's Acre'. The story goes that a man was told that he could have as much land of the common that he could enclose in one day. The effort though, proved too much, and killed him.[citation needed] The truth of this tale is dubious, as it bears similarities to works of fiction such as Leo Tolstoy's How Much Land Does a Man Need?

Dotted over the Common are the long abandoned remains of quarries once used to supply stone for local building and walling. Lesser hollows are the remains of a medieval soldier's camp - so identified in 1942 by Captain H.S. Gracie.[citation needed] In addition, the grassed-over ways used by the quarry wagons can still be seen.

Selsley Common SSSI[edit]

Selsley Common
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Selsley Common - geograph.org.uk - 361592.jpg
Selsley Common
Area of Search Gloucestershire
Grid reference SO829030
Interest Biological/Geological
Area 39.4 hectare
Notification 1966
Natural England website

Selsley Common (grid reference SO829030) is a 39.4-hectare (97-acre) biological and geological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Gloucestershire, notified in 1966.[1] It is a large open expanse and a rich habitat for rare flora and fauna. During the summer, bird song mingles with the sound of cattle as Commoners can, and still do, exercise grazing rights.

The Common is in the Cotswold Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and overlies the Jurassic limestone of the Cotswolds. It supports herb-rich calcareous grassland habitat. Leigh’s Quarry, which is in the southern part of the SSSI, is of particular geological significance.[1]

The site is listed in the ‘Stroud District’ Local Plan, adopted November 2005, Appendix 6 (online for download) as an SSSI and a Regionally Important Geological Site (RIGS).[2]

Geology[edit]

The quarry provides one of the most extensive, and thus significant, cross-sections of the Middle Jurassic Inferior Oolite in the south of the Cotswolds. Oolite Marl, Upper Trigonia Grit and Clypeus Grit are in the succession. This is a site with a notable example of hardground, which is a thin layer of rough limestone formed during environmental changes.[1]

Biology[edit]

The grassland is dominated by grasses such as Upright Brome, Sheep's Fescue, and there is little Tor-grass. The latter makes the common different from others in the region. Herbs include Rock-rose, Common Bird's-foot-trefoil, Salad Burnet and Wild Thyme. Orchids are in abundance including Autumn Lady's Tresses, Green-winged Orchid and Fragrant Orchid, particularly in the quarry areas. There are scrub areas of Hawthorn and there some trees such as Ash.[1]

The habitat supports a range of invertebrates including the mollusc Abida scale, and butterflies. The latter include Small Blue, Grayling and Duke of Burgundy Fritillary.[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Selsley at Wikimedia Commons