Selwyn (New Zealand electorate)

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Selwyn electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Selwyn is a current electorate in the House of Representatives of New Zealand, based around towns on the outskirts of Christchurch city. The electorate was first formed for the 1866 election and has been abolished three times during its history. It was last re-established for the 2008 election and has since been held by Amy Adams for the National Party.

Population centres[edit]

The 1941 census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, 19 electorates were created for the first time, and eight former electorates were re-established, including Selwyn.[1]

The Selwyn electorate is the successor to the old electorate of Rakaia, which loses the town of Ashburton to Rangitata. In 2008, it contained the towns north of the Rakaia River and acquired the far western Bishopdale-Harewood area from Waimakariri and the Banks Peninsula town of Akaroa from the old Banks Peninsula electorate. The main towns in the seat were Templeton, Lincoln, Prebbleton, Tai Tapu, Leeston, Dunsandel, Darfield, Springfield and Arthur's Pass from Rakaia along with Halswell, Westmorland, and rural Banks Peninsula.

Due to the rapid growth of Selwyn relative to Christchurch (which lost population after the earthquakes), the 2013 redistribution has Selwyn losing Halswell and Westmorland to Port Hills and Harewood to Waimakariri while regaining the towns of Rakaia and Chertsey back from Rangitata.[2]

History[edit]

In an historical sense, the name refers to an electorate that existed between 1866 and 1919. In the second sense, it can refer to an electorate contested between 1946 and 1972 and again from 1978 until it was absorbed by Rakaia for the first MMP election in 1996.

In the 1879 election, John Hall was returned unopposed.[3] In the 1881 election, Hall beat R. Lockhead by 467 to 169 votes.[4][5]

In the 1890 election, Alfred Saunders, Thomas Hamilton Anson, and William Jerrington Popple received 536, 485 and 237 votes, respectively.[6]

In a modern sense, the name refers to the seat re-created ahead of the 2008 general election, following a review of electoral boundaries conducted after the 2006 census of population and dwellings, because of a general northwards population movement in the South Island. Even though the number of South Island electorates is fixed, the decline in the population of electorates from Rakaia south has resulted in the boundaries of electorates from Invercargill north to Rakaia shifting further northwards.

The incumbent MP is Amy Adams of the National Party. The electorate is one of National's safest seats, with just 5% separating the Labour Party from the Greens in the 2011 election. The only places where Adams didn't win in 2011 were Arthur's Pass and Diamond Harbour. In the 2014 election, Adams got over 70% of the electorate votes based on preliminary results, with Peter Hill of the Green Party coming second.[7][8]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Independent    Reform    Liberal    National    Green  

Election Winner
1866 election Edward Stevens
1871 election William Reeves
1875 election Cecil Fitzroy
1879 election John Hall
1881 election
1883 by-election Edward James Lee
1884 by-election Edward Wakefield
1884 election
1887 election John Hall
1890 election Alfred Saunders
1893 election
1896 election Cathcart Wason
1899 election Charles Hardy
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election William Dickie
1914 election
(Electorate abolished 1919–1946)
1946 election John McAlpine
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Colin McLachlan
1969 election
(Electorate abolished 1972–1978, see Rakaia)
1978 election Colin McLachlan
1981 election Ruth Richardson
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1994 by-election David Carter
(Electorate abolished 1996–2008,
see Banks Peninsula & Rakaia)
2008 election Amy Adams
2011 election
2014 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Christchurch East electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2011 election Eugenie Sage

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election 2014: Selwyn[9]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Amy Adams 24,625 69.97 +0.83 22,809 63.58 +0.93
Green Peter Selwyn Hill 4,064 11.55 +1.37 3,910 10.90 -0.54
Labour Gordon John Dickson 3,835 10.90 -4.37 4,654 12.97 -3.15
NZ First Bill Woods 1,841 5.23 +1.69 2,494 6.95 +2.20
Conservative Roger Clibborn 619 1.76 -0.12 1253 3.49 +1.03
Māori Sheryl Gardyne 129 0.37 +0.37 111 0.31 -0.06
ACT Paul Gilbert 83 0.24 +0.24 139 0.39 -0.52
Internet Mana   184 0.51 +0.37
Legalise Cannabis   120 0.33 +0.00
United Future   87 0.24 -0.45
Ban 1080   78 0.22 +0.22
Civilian   16 0.04 +0.04
Democrats   10 0.03 -0.01
Focus   5 0.01 +0.01
Independent Coalition   5 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 182 65
Total Valid votes 35,196 35,875
National hold Majority 20,561 58.42 +4.54

2011 election[edit]

General election 2011: Selwyn[10]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Amy Adams 24,963 69.14 +8.65 23,086 62.65 +7.74
Labour Jo McLean 5,512 15.27 -14.54 5,942 16.12 -9.49
Green Eugenie Sage 3,674 10.18 +10.18 4,215 11.44 +3.91
NZ First Bill Woods 1,277 3.54 +3.54 1,750 4.75 +1.71
Conservative Wilton Gray 677 1.88 +1.88 906 2.46 +2.46
ACT   336 0.91 -2.77
United Future   256 0.69 -0.45
Māori   137 0.37 -0.04
Legalise Cannabis   123 0.33 +0.07
Mana   52 0.14 +0.14
Alliance   24 0.07 +0.02
Democrats   13 0.04 +0.02
Libertarianz   11 0.03 +0.01
Informal votes 526 192
Total Valid votes 36,103 36,851
National hold Majority 19,451 53.88 +23.20

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,937[11]

2008 election[edit]

General election 2008: Selwyn[12]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Amy Adams 21,836 60.49 20,141 54.91
Labour David Coates 10,761 29.81 9,395 25.61
Progressive Philippa Main 1,316 3.65 672 1.83
Independent Bill Woods 603 1.67
ACT Ivor Watson 539 1.49 1,350 3.68
Family Party Samuel Dennis 493 1.37 141 0.38
Kiwi Eleanor Williamson 296 0.82 191 0.52
United Future Victoria Norman 253 0.70 421 1.15
Green 2,761 7.53
NZ First   1,115 3.04
Bill and Ben   201 0.55
Māori   151 0.41
Legalise Cannabis   97 0.26
Alliance   17 0.05
Libertarianz   8 0.02
Democrats   7 0.02
Workers Party   5 0.01
RAM   3 0.01
Pacific   2 0.01
RONZ   1 0.00
Informal votes 409 155
Total Valid votes 36,097 36,679
National win new seat Majority 11,075 30.68

1994 by-election[edit]

A by-election was held following the resignation of Ruth Richardson.[13]

Selwyn by-election, 1994
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National David Carter 8,916 42.32
Alliance John Wright 8,488 40.34
Labour Marian Hobbs 2,173 10.33
NZ First Tim Shadbolt 1,165 5.54
Christian Heritage Rosemary Francis 182 0.86
NORML Warren Bryson 39 0.19
Kiwis Against Further Immigration Bruce Annan 29 0.14
McGillicuddy Serious Tim Owens 26 0.12
Natural Law Warwick Jones 22 0.10
NZ Coalition Kieron Daok 10 0.05
Christ's Ambassadors Union Victor Bryer 2 0.01
Majority 428 2.03
Turnout 21,052

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Selwyn[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Opposition Charles Hardy 1,308 38.96
Liberal John Rennie 1,168 34.79
Liberal John Barrett 454 13.52
Liberal Kenneth Wilson 427 12.72
Majority 140 4.17 -1.57
Turnout 3,357 74.93
Registered electors 4,480

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Selwyn nomination". Star (3553). 30 August 1879. p. 3. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "The General Election". Otago Daily Times (6190). 10 December 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "The General Elections". The Star (4249). 3 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Election Notices". The Press. XLVII (7731). 10 December 1890. p. 1. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  7. ^ "Election Results -- Selwyn". Electoral Commission. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  8. ^ Mathewson, Nicole; Stylianou, Georgina; Fulton, Tim (21 September 2014). "Election 2014: Canterbury decides". The Press. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  9. ^ 2014 election results
  10. ^ 2011 election results
  11. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  12. ^ 2008 election results
  13. ^ "Part XIV - Selwyn By-election". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "Untitled". The Press LVI (10516). 30 November 1899. p. 8. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]