Selwyn Baptiste (10 July 1936 – 5 January 2012) was a pioneer of the introduction of the steel drum into Britain, forming the country's second steel band in 1967, and early organizer of London's Notting Hill Carnival. He is credited with bringing about the teaching of steelpan playing throughout the UK.
Born in La Romaine, near San Fernando in the south of Trinidad, Selwyn Baptiste moved to Britain at the age of 24, in 1960, having that year won the title of "Best Pan Soloist" at the Trinidad Carnival. A gifted musical who was a pannist, a percussionist and drummer, he started a course studying music at Dartington College of Arts but, according to cultural activist Ra Hendricks, he "became disenchanted with the set-up in the educational institution and found his way to Ladbroke Grove".
Baptiste soon became involved in community educational work in the area, and began teaching children to play the steel pan at the Wornington Road adventure playground (now the Venture Centre) off Golborne Road in North Kensington, joining forces with community worker Rhaune Laslett. By 1970, "the Notting Hill Carnival consisted of 2 music bands, the Russell Henderson Combo and Selwyn Baptiste’s Notting Hill Adventure Playground Steelband and 500 dancing spectators."
In the 1970s Baptiste was instrumental in bringing about the close association of the Tabernacle with Carnival. As noted in one tribute to him: "Those who recall the Sundays in the Tabernacle during the run-up to the Bank Holiday weekend in the mid- to late-70s - with Metronomes and Ebony Steelbands, DJs Shadow, Lord Sam and the young Freddie - will remember that it was a nondescript community hall. He gave it Carnival purpose." In 2011, the Tabernacle honoured Baptiste with a lifetime achievement award.
Baptiste founded the Carnival Development Committee in 1975, chairing it until 1979. In the words of Alex Pascall, a former chair of the Carnival and Arts Committee: "Baptiste put his heart and soul into educating young people about Caribbean culture using the steel band. He was a deeply cultural person and was very concerned about the welfare of young people."
In a 1977 television documentary, Baptiste was quoted as saying:
- "Carnival is not a political event. Carnival is a cultural event. It is something which supersedes political ideologies. Carnival is something that's big enough to accommodate all forms of thought, all sorts of themes. Politics is part of it, but it is not an exclusively political event."
- "Tributes to carnival organiser". Westminster Chronicle. 9 January 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- Cohen, Abner (1993). Masquerade politics: explorations in the structure of urban cultural movements. University of California Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-520-07838-3.
- James, Winston; Clive Harris (1993). Inside Babylon: the Caribbean diaspora in Britain. Verso. pp. 225–227. ISBN 978-0-86091-471-6.
- "Tribute to Selwyn Baptiste 1936 – 2012", by Pavlova, 27 January 2012. Pavlova Diaries - Out and About in Notting Hill.
- "Journey ~ Selwyn Baptiste". TTHC London Post. 7 January 2012.
- "Portobello Carnival Film Festival 2008". 23 May 2008.
- "40 Years of the Notting Hill Carnival: An Assessment of the History and the Future". By Michael La Rose, July 2004. Submitted to Joseph Charles Media, publishers of Soca News, for August 2004 Notting Hill Carnival edition of Carnival Groove.
- "Selwyn Baptiste (10.07.1936-05.01.2012)!", Southward, CaribbeanCricket.com, 07/01/12.
- "Fond Farewell To Trio Who Helped Shape Black Britain". The Voice Online. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- Episode of The London Programme broadcast on 31 July 1977, as quoted in Sudeep Dasgupta and Esther Peeren (eds.), Constellations of the Transnational: Modernity, Culture, Critique, Amsterdam-New York: Editions Rodopi B.V., 2007; p. 76.
- Notting Hill "Carnival pioneer dies" BBC News London, 5 January 2012.
- 30 August 1976: Notting Hill Carnival ends in riots BBC "On This Day".
- "Celebration of carnival organiser's life" Kensington & Chelsea Chronicle. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- Kevin Le Gendre, "Perspectives - Saints Go Marchin' In", Trini Crossroads. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- Selwyn Baptiste playing "Mo Bay (Montego Bay)". YouTube; uploaded 6 May 2010.
- A Tribute to Selwyn Baptiste. YouTube; uploaded by PANPODIUM on 1 Feb 2012.