Selwyn College, Cambridge

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Colleges of the University of Cambridge

Selwyn College

The exterior of Selwyn College's Chapel.
                             
Named after George Augustus Selwyn
Established 13 September 1882
Master Roger Mosey
Undergraduates 403
Graduates 180
Sister college Keble College, Oxford
Location Grange Road (map)
Selwyn College heraldic shield
ΑΝΔΡΙΖΕΣΘΕ
(Ancient Greek, "Quit ye like men!")
College website
JCR website
MCR website
Boat Club website

Coordinates: 52°12′03″N 0°06′20″E / 52.20083°N 0.10556°E / 52.20083; 0.10556 Selwyn College is a constituent college in the University of Cambridge in England. The college was founded by the Selwyn Memorial Committee in memory of the Rt Reverend George Selwyn (1809–1878), who rowed on the Cambridge crew in the first Varsity Boat Race in 1829, and went on to become the first Bishop of New Zealand (1841–1868), and subsequently the Bishop of Lichfield (1868–1878). It consists of three main courts built of brick and stone (Old Court, Cripps Court, and Ann's Court) with some ancillary buildings, including houses serving as student hostels on Grange Road, West Road and Sidgwick Avenue, all on a single site. The college currently has 56 Fellows and around 110 non-academic staff.

In 2006 it had an estimated financial endowment of £22 million, and in 2004 fixed assets were worth £70 million. The college was ranked 16th out of 30 in an assessment of college wealth conducted by the student newspaper Varsity in November 2006.[1]

Selwyn has, in recent times, excelled academically. In 2008, Selwyn was ranked first out of the 29 colleges which admit undergraduate students on the Tompkins Table[2] (3rd in 2009, 4th in 2007, 6th in 2010, 7th in 2006).

History[edit]

Selwyn College's Main Gate in Old Court, with the Greek quotation from 1 Corinthians 16:13 which contains the College motto above.
Selwyn College's gatehouse and tower is the main entrance to Old Court

Following the death of George Augustus Selwyn in April 1878, a former Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge who had played an important role in the establishment of New Zealand as its first Bishop, the Selwyn Memorial Committee was founded in Spring 1878. It proposed that a new Cambridge college should be established as a memorial to his legacy. The college's first Master, Arthur Lyttelton, was elected on 10 March 1879, the Archbishop of Canterbury was invited to become Visitor on 28 June 1878, and building of Old Court, as it is now known, began in 1880. The foundation stone of the College was laid by the Earl of Powis in a ceremony on 1 June 1881, following a lunch in King's College, Cambridge, and was reported in the national press. A Charter of Incorporation was granted by Queen Victoria on 13 September 1882, and the west range of Old Court was ready for use by the college's official opening (with the Master's installation) on 10 October 1882, in time for Michaelmas Term. Selwyn's first undergraduates, numbering 28, joined the original Master and twelve other Fellows at the then Public Hostel of the university in 1882.

It was no longer referred to by the University as "Selwyn College Public Hostel" (or "H. Selw." for short) from June 1924, became an Approved Foundation of the University in 1926, and was granted full collegiate status on 14 March 1958.

The college's founders purchased a six acre (24,000 m²) farm land site between Grange Road, West Road and Sidgwick Avenue from Corpus Christi College on 3 November 1879 at a cost of £6,111 9s 7d, which is now home to Selwyn's Old Court. The site was originally considered somewhat remote from the centre of the university (indeed, an alternative site on Lensfield Road, where the Catholic Church now stands, was considered but rejected as being too small), however, with the growth of departmental buildings, libraries and new faculties, Selwyn (along with Newnham College) now neighbours the Sidgwick Site, affording Selwynites the easiest access of any Cambridge college to the many arts faculty buildings housed there.

Selwyn, in common with other Cambridge colleges, originally admitted only men, but was one of the first colleges to become mixed when women were admitted from 1976. In 1976, women lived only on E and H Staircases, but in subsequent years could live anywhere in College. The college was founded by subscription, with an explicitly Christian mission. Membership was initially restricted to baptised Christians. The foundation charter specified that the college should "make provision for those who intend to serve as missionaries overseas and... educate the sons of clergymen".

The chapel was built in 1895 before the dining hall (in 1909), as it was deemed to be more important, and Chapel attendance was compulsory for students from the College's foundation until 1935. There were originally plans to build a permanent Library between F Staircase and the Chapel to complete Old Court, on land that now forms part of the College Gardens, but this never materialised due to a lack of funds. However, a memorial library was opened in 1928, funded by subscriptions in honour of College members who had died in the First World War.

University education was expensive at the time of Selwyn's foundation, and it was intended to be a college for poorer students, so charges were low. Undergraduates initially paid £27 per term for food, lodgings, lectures and tuition, with a small surcharge for medics, scientists and engineers. This was only raised to £28 in 1916, and £33 in 1918, to keep the College afloat, as admissions drastically decreased due to the First World War.

Buildings and grounds[edit]

The chapel facing east towards the altar
The chapel facing west towards the entrance and organ
Selwyn College Ann's Court Building.

Old Court, whose construction began in 1880 and is built in red brick in the Victorian Late Perpendicular Gothic Revival style, was largely designed by Sir Arthur Blomfield and comprises seven staircases (A to G), together with a tower and gateway, Master's Lodge, Chapel, Hall, Kitchens, Music Practice Room, and Archives.

Cripps Court, named after the Cripps Foundation that donated most of the funds to build it (and which also funded developments at St John's College, Queens' College, and Magdalene College) was built and formally opened on 17 May 1969 on land on the opposite side of Grange Road which was originally owned by Jesus College. It comprises a further seven staircases (H to N) and is home to all of Selwyn's first-year undergraduates, a few second-year undergraduates, and most postgraduates and their common room, the Middle Combination Room (MCR).

Ann's Court, built on the land to the north of Old Court and south of West Road, is the newest court: it is named after Ann Dobson, who together with her husband Christopher Dobson (who matriculated at Selwyn in 1957) formed the Ann D Foundation, which is one of the principal donors towards the construction costs of Phases I and II. Phase I was completed in July 2005 and consists of 43 ensuite rooms and 15 administrative offices, forming two staircases (O and P) at a cost of £7.5 million. The second phase, including 40 en-suite bedrooms forming staircases Q and R and a new Junior Combination Room (JCR) at a cost of £2.5 million, was completed in Summer 2009.[3] The College bar was refurbished in 2002, and redecorated in 2011.

The College has planning permission to develop a further three phases of building, planned to be built over the next twenty or more years as funding permits, which will extend the college's red-brick façade along Grange Road to the corner of West Road. The plans consist of a new library and archives (Phase 3) behind Staircase E of Old Court, and two further accommodation blocks (Phase 4) to form a new court (tentatively named Library Court) between Old Court and Ann's Court, and an auditorium (Phase 5) to complete the west side of Ann's Court. The plans for Phase 5 may turn into two more staircases of accommodation, as needs dictate.

In 2009, Selwyn became the first Cambridge college to appoint a female head porter, Helen Stephens.[4]

Coat of arms and motto[edit]

Detail of the Selwyn College heraldic coat of arms above the college's Main Gate to Old Court.

The Selwyn College coat of arms incorporates the arms of the Selwyn family impaled with those of the Diocese of Lichfield.

Selwyn College began to use its Arms long before an official grant by the College of Arms (they are displayed above the main gateway, built in 1881, and on the Common Seal, first used in 1882). Arms were finally applied for and granted in the 1960s, and are emblazoned as follows:

Per pale Gules and Argent a Cross potent quadrate Argent and Or between four crosses paty those to the dexter Argent those to the sinister Or For the See of Lichfield impaling Argent on a Bend cotised Sable three Annulets Or for Selwyn all within a Bordure Sable And for Crest On a Wreath Or & Purpure In front of a Book erect bound Gules edged clasped and garnished Or a representation of the Pastoral Staff of Bishop Selwyn.

The dexter half of the arms (those of the See of Lichfield) are unusual, with or (gold) countercharged on argent (silver), violating the rule of tincture, which prohibits a metal to be charged with another metal. This is thought to refer to the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which also famously violates this rule. The Pastoral Staff of Bishop Selwyn is based on a hardwood Māori staff which is held in the College Chapel.

The College was also granted a badge, A Mitre Or within an Annulet Purpure.

The College motto is a biblical quotation from 1 Corinthians, chapter 16, verse 13, in Greek, "ΑΝΔΡΙΖΕΣΘΕ",[5] translated in the King James Version as "Quit ye like men"[6] (alternatively, in the Douay Rheims version, "Do manfully"[7] or, in the New American Bible, "Be courageous"[8]). The motto also appears as part of a longer extract, "ΣΤΗΚΕΤΕ ΕΝ ΤΗ ΠΙΣΤΕΙ ΑΝΔΡΙΖΕΣΘΕ", over the main College gate (the full Greek verse of 1 Corinthians 16:13 being "Γρηγορεῖτε, στήκετε ἐν τῇ πίστει, ἀνδρίζεσθε, κραταιοῦσθε·").

Traditions[edit]

Formal Hall[edit]

Selwyn College's Dining Hall, with the tables laid for Formal Hall.
Selwyn College Walkway

Selwyn holds Formal Hall on every Tuesday and Thursday evening during Term at 7:30 pm with a capacity of 120, tickets for which can be bought by all graduate and undergraduate students for themselves and up to two guests, at a cost of £10.50 each for a three-course meal. There used to be an additional Formal Hall held on Sunday evenings at least until the early 1990s.[9] There is also a special, extra Halfway Hall Formal for second-year students to mark the middle of their time as an undergraduate student at the College, and a Christmas Formal for all students at the end of every Michaelmas Term. Selwyn also holds several MCR Dinners for graduate students each term.

College Grace[edit]

The College Grace is said by a Scholar (a student who achieved a First Class mark overall in the previous year) at the beginning of Formal Hall, and is as follows:

Benedic, Domine, nobis et donis Tuis, quae de Tua largitate sumus sumpturi; et concede ut iis muneribus Tuis ad laudem Tuam utamur, gratisque animis fruamur, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.

Translation:

Bless us, O Lord, and all your gifts, which of your goodness we are about to enjoy; grant that we may use these generosities to your glory, and enjoy them with thankful hearts, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

When the High Table rises, the following concluding Grace is said: Benedicamus Domino. (Let us bless the Lord), with the response being: Laus Deo. (Praise be to God.) This response was changed in the 1990s, from the previous response: Deo gratias (Thanks be to God).[9]

Student life[edit]

Selwyn has a reputation as one of the friendliest colleges in Cambridge, thanks in part to the many students that come from the neighbouring Sidgwick Site in-between lectures and at mealtimes to take advantage of Selwyn's Servery.

The Junior Combination Room, Selwyn College JCRS, is represented by the JCR Committee (JCRc) which is involved in many aspects of a Selwyn student's life. Elected from the JCR, by the JCR in Michaelmas Term, it organises social and welfare events, negotiates with the College on the students' behalf, and represents Selwyn on CUSU Council. The Middle Combination Room (MCR) comprises the graduate students of Selwyn College, and is similarly represented by the MCR Committee (MCRc). The presidents and Treasurers of the JCRc and MCRc have sat on College Council, the main decision making body of the College, since it was reformed in 1989.

The College is host to a number of well regarded student societies, such as the Selwyn College Music Society[10] and Selwyn Jazz,[11] and on the stage by Selwyn's amateur dramatics society The Mighty Players.[12] The Chapel Choir is one of the most highly regarded mixed choirs in the university; they have toured throughout the UK, North America, New Zealand, the Middle East, and much of mainland Europe, and have made over 15 commercial CD recordings under their professional director, Sarah MacDonald.[13] Selwyn College Boat Club is the college rowing club. Selwyn has the longest continually running students' magazine of any Cambridge College – Kiwi has been published from 1982 to present. More recently Selwyn College has seen the foundation of an extreme sports society which has shocked the nation with tales of its courageous and daring exploits; notable feats include ironing on the roof of the Pitt building and an attempt to wake board behind the college men's 1st VIII.[citation needed]

Selwyn Snowball[edit]

Selwyn is the only Cambridge college to hold an annual Winter Ball known as the Selwyn Snowball, which traditionally takes place on the night of the last Friday of Michaelmas Term. Notable acts that have played at the Snowball include Mumford and Sons, The Rumble Strips, Elliot Minor and The Who. In recent years the Snowball has developed into a larger event than it had been in the mid-nineties and now runs three full stages and caters for around 750 guests. Tickets for the 2012 Snowball, themed 'Danse Macabre', sold out in record time and the evening itself received a positive review from The Tab, Cambridge's online tabloid.[14]

Hermes Club[edit]

The Hermes Club, founded in 1920, is one of the oldest surviving societies in Cambridge. It exists to encourage and improve sport at Selwyn College – a task it accomplishes by offering financial grants to individual sportsmen/women and college teams, through the lobbying of College, and by generally raising the profile of sport in Selwyn. Members of Selwyn are eligible for invitation to the club if they have been awarded a Full Blue or Half Blue by the University, if they have captained a Selwyn College team in a 'First Class sport', or if they have competed on behalf of Selwyn in two 'First Class' Cuppers competitions. Prospective members must also show a dedication and enthusiasm towards Selwyn sport since membership to the club, as well offering many social opportunities and benefits, also entails a lifetime commitment to the furthering of sport in Selwyn. Alumni of the club fund two major sports grant schemes which award thousands of pounds in grants every year – the Hermes Fund and the Vickerstaff Sports Bursary Scheme.[15]

Notable alumni[edit]

Name Birth Death Career
Clive Anderson 1952 Comedian and television show host
Peter Beckingham 1949 Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands
Richard Budgett 1959 1984 Olympic rowing gold medallist
Ralph Chubb 1892 1960 Poet and printer
Deryck Cooke 1919 1976 Musicologist and broadcaster
A. R. Cornelius 1903 1991 Former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan
Huw Davies 1959 England Rugby Fly Half 1981-6[16]
John Selwyn Gummer 1939 British politician
Peter Selwyn Gummer 1942 Businessman
Richard Harries 1936 Former Bishop of Oxford and Life Peer
Robert Harris 1957 Author
Tom Hollander 1967 Actor
Karl Hudson-Phillips 1933 Judge
Angus Maddison 1926 2010 Economist
Simon Hughes 1951 Politician
Grayston "Bill" Ives 1948 Composer
Lionel Charles Knights 1906 1997 Literary critic
Robert Lacey 1944 British historian and biographer
Hugh Laurie 1959 Comedian and actor, son of Ran Laurie
Ran Laurie 1915 1998 1948 Olympic rowing gold medallist
Andrew Lawrence-King 1959 Musician
Sir David Li 1939 Chairman and Chief Executive of the Bank of East Asia
Ivan Lloyd-Phillips 1910 1984 Civil servant
Sir Richard May 1938 2004 Judge
David Miller 1946 Political theorist
Barry Morgan 1947 Archbishop of Wales
Malcolm Muggeridge 1903 1990 Author and journalist
Robert Newman 1964 Comedian
Nigel Newton 1955 Founder of Bloomsbury Publishing
Sir Edwin Nixon 1925 2008 Managing director of IBM (UK)
John Saunders 1953 Full international level chess player & Chess Magazine editor
John Sentamu 1949 Archbishop of York
Sir Peter Singer 1944 Judge
Adrian Smith 1957 Statistician
Sir Peter Smith 1952 Judge
Tim Stevens Bishop of Leicester
Graham Stuart 1962 British politician
Nick Tanner 1978 Actor
David K.R. Thomson 1957 Member of Canada's wealthiest family
D. R. Thorpe 1943 Political biographer
Sir Stephen Wall 1947 Diplomat
General Sir Peter Wall 1955 Professional head of British army

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Varsity issue 647, page 6. (PDF) . Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  2. ^ Garner, Richard (28 July 2008). "'Poorer' college tops Cambridge degree table". The Independent. Retrieved 31 July 2008. 
  3. ^ Kilpatrick, Heather (June 2009). Selwyn College Cambridge – Ann's Court: The story so far. Selwyn College Cambridge. 
  4. ^ "Cambridge College first as Helen is appointed". "This is South Wales". 9 September 2009. 
  5. ^ 1 Corinthians 16. Users.cs.york.ac.uk. Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  6. ^ Bible, King James Version. Hti.umich.edu. Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  7. ^ 1 Corinthians – Challoner Douay Rheims version of the Sacred Bible. Sacredbible.org. Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  8. ^ The New American Bible – IntraText. Vatican.va. Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  9. ^ a b http://www.societies.cam.ac.uk/cuhags/talks/graces/
  10. ^ (SCMS). Sel.cam.ac.uk (13 November 2013). Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  11. ^ Selwyn Jazz. Selwyn Jazz. Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  12. ^ The Mighty Players. Srcf.ucam.org. Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  13. ^ Selwyn College » Selwyn Merchandise. Sel.cam.ac.uk (24 February 2013). Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  14. ^ Selwyn Snow Ball | The Tab Cambridge. Cambridge.tab.co.uk. Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  15. ^ [1], Sports Bursary Scheme.
  16. ^ [2].

External links[edit]