Sembabule District

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Sembabule District
District location in Uganda
District location in Uganda
Coordinates: 00°06′S 31°30′E / 0.100°S 31.500°E / -0.100; 31.500Coordinates: 00°06′S 31°30′E / 0.100°S 31.500°E / -0.100; 31.500
Country  Uganda
Region Central Uganda
Capital Sembabule
 • Total 2,470.5 km2 (953.9 sq mi)
 • Land 2,318.4 km2 (895.1 sq mi)
 • Water 152.1 km2 (58.7 sq mi)
Elevation 1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Population (2012 Estimate)
 • Total 219,600
 • Density 94.7/km2 (245/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Sembambule District is a district in Central Uganda. Like most other Ugandan districts, it is named after its 'chief town', Sembabule, where the district headquarters are located.


Sembabule District is bordered by Mubende District to the north, Gomba District to the northeast, Bukomansimbi District to the east, Lwengo District to the south, Lyantonde District to the southwest and Kiruhura District to the northwest.[1] Sembabule, where the district headquarters are located, lies approximately 48 kilometres (30 mi), by road, northwest of Masaka, the largest town in the sub-region.[2] The coordinates of the district are:00 06S, 31 30E (Latitude:-0.1000; Longitude:31.5000).


Sembabule District was carved out of Masaka District in 1997. The district is administered by the Sembabule District Administration, with headquarters at Sembabule. In general, Sembabule District is a rural district which receives relatively low rainfall and has long dry spells. This greatly affects agriculture, but cattle keeping is not seriously affected. Some cattle are reared on ranches. Ranching and dairy farming are the backbone of Sembabule’s economy.[3]

Administratively the district is divided into the following sub-counties:[4]

  • Mateete
  • Lwebitakuli
  • Mijwala
  • Lugusulu
  • Ntuusi
  • ((Lwemiyaga))
  • Sembabule TC


In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 144,040. The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at approximately 180,050, with an annual population growth rate of 2%. In 2012, the population of Sembabule District was estimated at about 219,600.[5]

The table below depicts the population growth in the district, during the first decade of the 21st century. All figures are estimates.

Sembabule District Population Trends
Year Est. Pop.
2002 180,050
2003 183,650
2004 187,300
2005 191,050
Year Est. Pop.
2006 194,850
2007 198,750
2008 202,750
2009 206,800
Year Est. Pop.
2010 210,950
2011 215,150

Economic activities[edit]

Agriculture is the mainstay of the district economy. Agriculture involves both crop and animal husbandry. Due to the relatively dry nature of the district, cattle ranching for beef and dairy farming are the most important economic activities in Sembabule District. Fish farming is an activity that is increasingly being implemented in the district as well. The district produce finds market in Uganda's larger cities and in area towns including Kampala, Masaka and Rakai. The crops grown for food and sale include:

Points of interest[edit]

In the region around Bwera, there is a site known as Bigo bya Mugenyi, which appears to be the location of human settlement dating back to the late Iron Age (1200 - 1000BC). Excavations at the site have yielded iron blades (most probably used for harvesting grain), pottery with simple decorations, cattle dung and post-holes for fencing.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Uganda District Map
  2. ^ "Road Distance Between Sembabule And Masaka With Map". Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Profile of Sembabule District". Uganda Travel Guide. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Aliga, Issa (2 December 2013). "Sembabule: A District With No Ethnicity". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Estimated Population of Sembabule District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Sembabule District: Tourist Attractions". Uganda Travel Guide. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 

External links[edit]