District location in Uganda
|• Total||2,470.5 km2 (953.9 sq mi)|
|• Land||2,318.4 km2 (895.1 sq mi)|
|• Water||152.1 km2 (58.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,200 m (3,900 ft)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||94.7/km2 (245/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Sembabule District is bordered by Mubende District to the north, Gomba District to the northeast, Bukomansimbi District to the east, Lwengo District to the south, Lyantonde District to the southwest and Kiruhura District to the northwest. Sembabule, where the district headquarters are located, lies approximately 48 kilometres (30 mi), by road, northwest of Masaka, the largest town in the sub-region. The coordinates of the district are:00 06S, 31 30E (Latitude:-0.1000; Longitude:31.5000).
Sembabule District was carved out of Masaka District in 1997. The district is administered by the Sembabule District Administration, with headquarters at Sembabule. In general, Sembabule District is a rural district which receives relatively low rainfall and has long dry spells. This greatly affects agriculture, but cattle keeping is not seriously affected. Some cattle are reared on ranches. Ranching and dairy farming are the backbone of Sembabule’s economy.
Administratively the district is divided into the following sub-counties:
- Sembabule TC
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 144,040. The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at approximately 180,050, with an annual population growth rate of 2%. In 2012, the population of Sembabule District was estimated at about 219,600.
The table below depicts the population growth in the district, during the first decade of the 21st century. All figures are estimates.
|Sembabule District Population Trends|
Agriculture is the mainstay of the district economy. Agriculture involves both crop and animal husbandry. Due to the relatively dry nature of the district, cattle ranching for beef and dairy farming are the most important economic activities in Sembabule District. Fish farming is an activity that is increasingly being implemented in the district as well. The district produce finds market in Uganda's larger cities and in area towns including Kampala, Masaka and Rakai. The crops grown for food and sale include:
Points of interest
In the region around Bwera, there is a site known as Bigo bya Mugenyi, which appears to be the location of human settlement dating back to the late Iron Age (1200 - 1000BC). Excavations at the site have yielded iron blades (most probably used for harvesting grain), pottery with simple decorations, cattle dung and post-holes for fencing.