Semiahmoo First Nation
Semiahmoo First Nation
0.49 sq mi
Semiahmoo First Nation (// SEM-ee-AH-moo) is the band government of the Semiahmoo people, a Coast Salish subgroup. The band's main community and offices are located on the 312 acres (1.3 km2) Semiahmoo Indian Reserve which is sandwiched between the boundary of White Rock, British Columbia and the Canada-United States boundary and Peace Arch Provincial Park.
In 1790, Europeans estimated the Semiahmoo population at 300. By 1854, the band’s numbers were reduced to 250 due to smallpox and warfare. In 1909 there were 38 band members in British Columbia. In 1963, the number had reached 28 and then just 25 by 1971. Between 1996 and 2001, the reserve population dropped 34.5 per cent, from 200 people to 131.
The Semiahmoo remain one of the smallest First Nations in the region with about 74 band members, of which 40 live on Reserve. In fact, Semiahmoo has more non-Aboriginals living on its reserve than band members.
As of 2003, the median age of the Semiahmoo population is 42.5 years of age, higher than the average for all people living on Indian Reserves in Greater Vancouver (39.2 years of age).
A June 2003 report for the Greater Vancouver Regional District indicated that the Semiahmoo First Nation is not affiliated with any tribal council and is not involved in treaty negotiations.
However, a 2007 newspaper article said that the Semiahmoo First Nation and three other First Nations (Tsartlip, Tsawout and Pauquachin) make up the Sencot'en Alliance, which says their traditional territory stretches south to the northern end of Puget Sound, including both the San Juan Islands and the Gulf Islands, across southern Vancouver Island to include sites north of the Canada/U.S. border, on the lower Fraser River and on all adjacent land.
Members of the Sencot'en Alliance also say they're signatories to the Douglas Treaties, taken with the British Crown from 1850 to 1854, and are not involved with the current B.C. Treaty Commission negotiations.
In 2007, the Semiahmoo publicly expressed strong opposition to the failed Tsawwassen First Nation treaty, stating the agreement with the Delta first nation could infringe on the its territory and rights.
Relations with federal government
In 2003/04, the Semiahmoo received $243,500 in federal funding.
In 2006, the Semihamoo reserve was listed by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada as a high-priority community for drinking-water improvements. The Canadian government committed to assisting the Semiahmoo with its high-risk drinking water system.
Relations with Surrey, White Rock
In 2009, the band removed a large and long-standing children's play area located in an open park near the East beach area citing vandalism as the reason for removal. Removal of the remaining swings would follow soon after.
In 2010, the Semiahmoo First Nation erected a 6 foot high fence that extends east from the reservation and follows the length of their land to prohibit access by non-band members. In addition to restricting access to band land, this fence also prevents access to all East beach areas and certain areas of the Little Campbell River.
The Surrey detachment of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police provides policing service through the Surrey First Nation Policing Service to both the Semiahmoo First Nation and Tsawwassen First Nation under tripartite framework agreements.
The Provincial Auxiliary Constable Program has five Auxiliary Constables on the reserve.
The Semiahmoo First Nation uses an Apology Ceremony to deal with minor offences committed within the community. The offender must make an apology to the victim and those who have been affected. The offender provides a gift to the victims and prepares a meal. After the gift is presented a meal is provided that is prepared by the offender. The Chief and Council, Elders, and community members are involved in the ceremony.
- Coast Salish peoples
- Musqueam Indian Band
- Kwantlen First Nation
- Halkomelem (language)
- North Straits Salish (language)
- Sto:lo Nation
- Tsawwassen First Nation
- Semiahmoofirstnation.org - Official site
- Semiahmoo Wiki - a joint project of Surrey School District, White Rock Museum and Archives and the Semiahmoo First Nation
- First Nation Detail, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
- The Semiahmoo People - a website based on the unpublished Sociology Anthropology Master's thesis by Surrey resident and teacher Jack Brown
- Alliance maps out at-risk treaty lands, By Kim Westad, Victoria Times-Colonist, Published June 22, 2006. Retrieved June 14, 2007
- Semiahmoo band not in favour of TFN deal, By Sandor Gyarmati, Delta Optimist, January 13, 2007
- First Nation Detail, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Retrieved on June 18, 2007
- Backgrounder - Priority List of First Nation Communities With High Risk Water Systems and Drinking Water Advisories, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, March 21, 2006, Retrieved on June 19, 2007
- Aboriginal Education Enhancement Agreement, School District #36 Surrey, Retrieved on June 14, 2007
- Powwow about sharing culture, By Marisa Babic, Surrey Now, Published March 11, 2004, Retrieved June 14, 2007
- Community Profiles > Southwest District >Surrey (Semiahmoo), Aboriginal Policing Services 'E' Division, RCMP website, Retrieved on June 13, 2007
- A Profile of Aboriginal People, First Nations and Indian Reserves in Greater Vancouver, Policy and Planning Department, Greater Vancouver Regional District, June 2003