Semiheavy water

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Deuterium hydrogen oxide
Spacefill model of water
Names
IUPAC name
(O-2H1)Water
Other names
Deuterium hydrogen monoxide
Deuterium hydrogen oxide, Water-d1 , Water-d
Identifiers
ChEBI CHEBI:33806
ChemSpider 123344
Jmol-3D images Image
Properties
H2HO (also HDO)
Molar mass 19.0214 g mol−1
Appearance Very pale blue, transparent liquid, very similar to regular water
Density 1.054 g cm−3
Melting point 3.81 °C (38.86 °F; 276.96 K)
Boiling point 101.42 °C (214.56 °F; 374.57 K)
Reacts
log P −0.65
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Semiheavy water is the result of replacing one of the protium in light water to deuterium. It exists whenever there is water with light hydrogen (protium, 1H) and deuterium (D or2H) in the mix. This is because hydrogen atoms (hydrogen-1 and deuterium) are rapidly exchanged between water molecules. Water containing 50% H and 50% D in its hydrogen actually contains about 50% HDO and 25% each of H2O and D2O, in dynamic equilibrium. In regular water, about 1 molecule in 3,200 is HDO (one hydrogen in 6,400 is D). By comparison, heavy water D2O occurs at a proportion of about 1 molecule in 41 million (i.e., one in 6,4002). This makes semiheavy water far more common than "normal" heavy water.

The freezing point of semiheavy water is close to the freezing point of heavy water. (3.8°C)

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