Semington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Semington
Semington.jpg
Village hall
Semington is located in Wiltshire
Semington
Semington
 Semington shown within Wiltshire
Population 930 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference ST8960
Civil parish Semington
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Trowbridge
Postcode district BA14
Dialling code 01380
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Chippenham
Website Semington Village
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°20′35″N 2°09′04″W / 51.343°N 2.151°W / 51.343; -2.151

Semington is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. The village is about 2 miles (3 km) south of Melksham and about 3 miles (5 km) northeast of Trowbridge. The parish includes the hamlets of Little Marsh and Littleton.[2]

The village has two locks on the Kennet and Avon Canal, known as the Semington Locks, and is the start of the disused Wilts and Berks Canal.

Geography[edit]

Semington village developed along the main road from Melksham to Westbury which became the A350. In 2004 a bypass was opened, taking the A350 0.4 miles (0.64 km) east of the village.[3]

Little Marsh (or Littlemarsh) is a hamlet south of Semington, along the old course of the A350. Littleton is no longer populated, and the only area currently designated as belonging to Littleton is the roundabout at the A350 and A361 road crossing.

Governance[edit]

The civil parish elects a parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

The village is the most populous area of 'Summerham and Seend' electoral ward. This ward starts in the northwest at Semington, stretches south to Steeple Ashton then northeast to Seend. The total ward population at the 2011 census was 4,264.[4]

History[edit]

Several moorings and a narrow boat rental business on the Kennet and Avon canal attract frequent pleasure craft traffic

Canals[edit]

The Kennet and Avon Canal crosses marshy ground on an embankment on the northern edge of the village.

The two Semington locks were built between 1794 and 1802 under the supervision of the engineer John Rennie.[5] They have a combined rise/fall of 16 ft 1 in (4.9 m).[6] The two locks at Semington are known as Buckley's (numbered 15) and Barrett's (16).[7]

Next to the locks is the point at which the Wilts & Berks Canal left the Kennet and Avon. The Wilts & Berks is disused but the Wilts & Berks Canal Trust is restoring it. East of the locks, the canal travels across the 2004 Semington Aqueduct, built to allow the A350 to bypass Semington village. Another aqueduct carries the canal over Semington Brook.[8]

The canal, towpath and adjacent hedges are good for wildlife and in August 2007 water voles were seen.[9]

Former railway[edit]

The Devizes Branch Line was built 0.6 miles (0.97 km) north of the village in 1857. A small station (Semington Halt) was opened in 1906 where the railway crossed both the A350 and the Wilts & Berks canal; the station and the line were closed in 1966.

World War II[edit]

During the Second World War, Semington was on GHQ Line which followed the path of the canal. Semington was designated as a centre of resistance: extensive anti-tank ditches were constructed to the east, south, and west of the village, these were overlooked by a number of pillboxes. The defences were constructed as a part of British anti-invasion preparations.[10]

Parish church[edit]

Semington church.jpg

The Church of England parish church of St George is a Grade II listed building.[11] It dates from the 15th century and was largely rebuilt in 1860.[12] There are regular services held in the church each Sunday and Bible Studies and Prayer Meetings held in homes of the village. It is a part of the Canalside Benefice which includes churches in Hilperton, Trowbridge. It has a garden fête every summer in the grounds of the Village School although Fêtes used to be held in the grounds of Brook House manor house.[13]

Amenities[edit]

Within the village there are over 500 houses, a primary school,[14] a village hall,[15] public tennis courts and a park for children.

Somerset Arms

Semington has a pub, The Somerset Arms,[16] which is popular with canal travellers.

Economy[edit]

About 1 km north of the village is Hampton Park West business park, which has the corporate headquarters of companies such as G-Plan, Avon Rubber plc and a large Wiltshire Police operations centre.

The hamlet of Littlemarsh is part of Semington parish

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  2. ^ election-maps.co.uk, Semington Civil Parish boundary on Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 colour raster layer. Retrieved 23 October 2006.
  3. ^ "Bypass set to open to fanfare of celebrations". Brighton. 26 March 2004. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Summerham and Seend ward 2011.Retrieved 15 March 2015". 
  5. ^ http://www.reedboats.co.uk/canals/ken/kenh.html
  6. ^ Pearson, Michael (2003). Kennet & Avon Middle Thames:Pearson's Canal Companion. Rugby: Central Waterways Supplies. ISBN 0-907864-97-X. 
  7. ^ Allsop, Niall (1987). The Kennet & Avon Canal. Bath: Millstream Book. ISBN 0-948975-15-6. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "Semington Aqueduct (435208)". Images of England. Retrieved 25 October 2006. 
  9. ^ "Watervoles". UK Biodiversity Action Plan. Retrieved 17 March 2007. 
  10. ^ Foot, 2006, pp. 291–296.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Church of St. George (434833 )". Images of England. Retrieved 25 October 2006. 
  12. ^ "Church of St. George, Semington". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  13. ^ Historic England. "Manor House (435211 )". Images of England. Retrieved 25 October 2006. 
  14. ^ "St George's Church of England Primary School, Semington". Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  15. ^ "Semington Village Hall". The Charity Commission. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  16. ^ Historic England. "Somerset Arms (435210 )". Images of England. Retrieved 25 October 2006. 

External links[edit]

Canal:

Community:

History: